Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 4.6

तस्य ता वपुषाक्षिप्ता निर्ग्रहीतुं जजृम्भिरे ।
अन्योन्यं दृष्टिभिर्गत्वा शनैश्च विनिशश्वसुः ॥ ६ ॥

tasya tā vapuṣākṣiptā nirgrahītuṃ jajṛmbhire |
anyonyaṃ dṛṣṭibhirgatvā śanaiśca viniśaśvasuḥ || 6 ||

Others, smitten by his beauty, yawned as if to swallow him, and fixing their eyes on each other, softly sighed.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (4.6). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tad, Tas, Vapusha, Vapus, Akshipta, Nih, Anyonyam, Anyonya, Drishti, Drishtin, Shanaih, Shana,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 4.6). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tasya vapuṣākṣiptā nirgrahītuṃ jajṛmbhire
  • tasya -
  • tas -> tasya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √tas]
    ta (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    tas (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]
  • tā* -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    tas (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [accusative plural]
  • vapuṣā -
  • vapuṣā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    vapus (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    vapus (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    vapuṣa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vapuṣa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ākṣiptā* -
  • ākṣipta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    ākṣiptā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • nir -
  • niḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    niḥ (indeclinable)
    ni (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    ni (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • grahītum -
  • grah -> grahītum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √grah]
  • jajṛmbhire -
  • jṛmbh (verb class 1)
    [perfect middle third plural]
  • Line 2: “anyonyaṃ dṛṣṭibhirgatvā śanaiśca viniśaśvasuḥ
  • anyonyam -
  • anyonyam (indeclinable)
    anyonya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    anyonya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    anyonyā (noun, feminine)
  • dṛṣṭibhir -
  • dṛṣṭi (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental plural]
    dṛṣṭin (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    dṛṣṭin (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
    dṛṣṭī (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • gatvā -
  • gam -> gatvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √gam]
    gam -> gatvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √gam]
    gam -> gatvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √gam]
  • śanaiś -
  • śanaiḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    śana (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    śana (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vini -
  • vi (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    vini (Preverb)
  • śaśvasuḥ -
  • śvas (verb class 2)
    [perfect active third plural]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 4.6

Cover of edition (2003)

The Buddha-Carita By Asvaghosa or Acts of Buddha
by E. B. Cowell (2003)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
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