Tattvartha Sutra (with commentary)

by Vijay K. Jain | 2018 | 130,587 words | ISBN-10: 8193272625 | ISBN-13: 9788193272626

This page describes the kalpa are one above the other which is verse 4.18 of the English translation of the Tattvartha Sutra which represents the essentials of Jainism and Jain dharma and deals with the basics on Karma, Cosmology, Ethics, Celestial beings and Liberation. The Tattvarthasutra is authorative among both Digambara and Shvetambara. This is verse 18 of the chapter The Celestial Beings and includes an extensive commentary.

Verse 4.18 - The kalpa are one above the other

Sanskrit text, Unicode transliteration and English translation of Tattvartha sūtra 4.18:

उपर्युपरि ॥ ४.१८ ॥

uparyupari || 4.18 ||

The ‘kalpa’ are one above the other. (18)

Hindi Anvayarth:

अन्वयार्थ: सोलह स्वर्ग के आठ युगल, नव ग्रैवेयक, नव अनुदिश और पाँच अनुत्तर, ये सब विमान क्रम से ऊपर-ऊपर हैं।

Anvayartha: solaha svarga ke atha yugala, nava graiveyaka, nava anudisha aura pamca anuttara, ye saba vimana krama se upara-upara haim |

Explanation in English from Ācārya Pūjyapāda’s Sarvārthasiddhi:

Why is this mentioned? It is in order to preclude transverse position. These do not have transverse positions like those of the stellar (jyotiṣka) deva. Nor are these in an uneven manner like the habitations of the peripatetic (vyantara) deva. It is described ‘one above the other’. What are ‘one above the other’? These are the ‘kalpa’.

If so, in how many celestial-cars (kalpavimāna) do these deva reside?

[see next sūtra]

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