Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Disclaimer: These are translations of Sanskrit texts and are not necessarily approved by everyone associated with the traditions connected to these texts. Consult the source and original scripture in case of doubt.

Rig Veda 9.63.2

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

इष॒मूर्जं॑ च पिन्वस॒ इन्द्रा॑य मत्स॒रिन्त॑मः । च॒मूष्वा नि षी॑दसि ॥
इषमूर्जं च पिन्वस इन्द्राय मत्सरिन्तमः । चमूष्वा नि षीदसि ॥
iṣam ūrjaṃ ca pinvasa indrāya matsarintamaḥ | camūṣv ā ni ṣīdasi ||

English translation:

“You who are most exhilarating effuse food and drink for Indra; you sit on the ladles.”

Details:

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): nidhruviḥ kāśyapaḥ [nidhruvi kāśyapa];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): pavamānaḥ somaḥ ;
Chandas (meter): nicṛdgāyatrī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

इष॑म् । ऊर्ज॑म् । च॒ । पि॒न्व॒सः॒ । इन्द्रा॑य । म॒त्स॒रिन्ऽत॑मः । च॒मूषु॑ । आ । नि । सी॒द॒सि॒ ॥
इषम् । ऊर्जम् । च । पिन्वसः । इन्द्राय । मत्सरिन्तमः । चमूषु । आ । नि । सीदसि ॥
iṣam | ūrjam | ca | pinvasaḥ | indrāya | matsarin-tamaḥ | camūṣu | ā | ni | sīdasi

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 9.63.2 English analysis of grammar]

iṣam < iṣ

[noun], accusative, singular, feminine

“refreshment; enjoyment; stores.”

ūrjaṃ < ūrjam < ūrj

[noun], accusative, singular, feminine

“strength; refreshment; vigor; food; strengthening.”

ca

[adverb]

“and; besides; then; now; even.”

pinvasa < pinvase < pinv

[verb], singular, Present indikative

“swell; swell; overflow; abound.”

indrāya < indra

[noun], dative, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

matsarintamaḥ < matsarintama

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

camūṣv < camūṣu < camū

[noun], locative, plural, feminine

“army; camū; Camū.”

ā

[adverb]

“towards; ākāra; until; ā; since; according to; ā [suffix].”

ni

[adverb]

“back; down.”

ṣīdasi < sīdasi < sad

[verb], singular, Present indikative

“sit down; break down; slow; sink; crumble; fracture; perish; ride; stop; besiege; tire.”

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