Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 8.45.40

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

भि॒न्धि विश्वा॒ अप॒ द्विष॒: परि॒ बाधो॑ ज॒ही मृध॑: । वसु॑ स्पा॒र्हं तदा भ॑र ॥
भिन्धि विश्वा अप द्विषः परि बाधो जही मृधः । वसु स्पार्हं तदा भर ॥
bhindhi viśvā apa dviṣaḥ pari bādho jahī mṛdhaḥ | vasu spārhaṃ tad ā bhara ||

English translation:

“Cleave asunder all the hostile hosts, frustrate their destructive attacks, and bestow on us their desirablewealth.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): triśokaḥ kāṇvaḥ [triśoka kāṇva];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): gāyatrī;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

भि॒न्धि । विश्वाः॑ । अप॑ । द्विषः॑ । परि॑ । बाधः॑ । ज॒हि । मृधः॑ । वसु॑ । स्पा॒र्हम् । तत् । आ । भ॒र॒ ॥
भिन्धि । विश्वाः । अप । द्विषः । परि । बाधः । जहि । मृधः । वसु । स्पार्हम् । तत् । आ । भर ॥
bhindhi | viśvāḥ | apaḥ | dviṣaḥ | pari | bādhaḥ | jahi | mṛdhaḥ | vasu | spārham | tat | ā | bhara

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 8.45.40 English analysis of grammar]

bhinddhi < bhid

[verb], singular, Present imperative

“break; incise; burst; divide; cut; cleave; destroy; cure; disturb; lance; break; distinguish; disclose; pierce; tear; separate; transgress; break open; scratch; penetrate; sever; bribe; grind; betray; fester; strike.”

viśvā < viśvāḥ < viśva

[noun], accusative, plural, feminine

“all(a); whole; complete; each(a); viśva [word]; completely; wholly.”




dviṣaḥ < dviṣ

[noun], accusative, plural, feminine

“hate; dviṣ; hostility; hostility.”

paribādho < paribādhaḥ < paribādh

[noun], accusative, plural, feminine

jahī < jahi < han

[verb], singular, Present imperative

“kill; cure; māray; remove; destroy; hit; injure; damage; destroy; paralyze; hurt; forge; beat; cut off; stop; overwhelm; kick; hunt; affect; strike; hammer; love; obstruct; shoot.”

mṛdhaḥ < mṛdh

[noun], accusative, plural, feminine

“enemy; adversary.”


[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“wealth; property; gold; vasu [word]; ruby; treasure; jewel.”

spārhaṃ < spārham < spārha

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter


tad < tat < tad

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”



“towards; ākāra; until; ā; since; according to; ā [suffix].”

bhara < bhṛ

[verb], singular, Present imperative

“bring; hold; fill; support; wear; possess; carry; nourish; keep; hire; have; satiate; follow; bear.”

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