Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 8.25.3

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

ता मा॒ता वि॒श्ववे॑दसासु॒र्या॑य॒ प्रम॑हसा । म॒ही ज॑जा॒नादि॑तिॠ॒ताव॑री ॥
ता माता विश्ववेदसासुर्याय प्रमहसा । मही जजानादितिॠतावरी ॥
tā mātā viśvavedasāsuryāya pramahasā | mahī jajānāditir ṛtāvarī ||

English translation:

“The great and truthful Aditi, the mother (of the gods), gave birth to those two who are possessed of allaffluence, and shining with great splendour, for the (destruction of the) asuras.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): viśvamanā vaiyaśvaḥ [viśvamanā vaiyaśva];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): mitrāvaruṇau ;
Chandas (meter): virāḍuṣnik ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

ता । मा॒ता । वि॒श्वऽवे॑दसा । अ॒सु॒र्या॑य । प्रऽम॑हसा । म॒ही । ज॒जा॒न॒ । अदि॑तिः । ऋ॒तऽव॑री ॥
ता । माता । विश्ववेदसा । असुर्याय । प्रमहसा । मही । जजान । अदितिः । ऋतवरी ॥
tā | mātā | viśva-vedasā | asuryāya | pra-mahasā | mahī | jajāna | aditiḥ | ṛta-varī

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 8.25.3 English analysis of grammar]

< tad

[noun], accusative, dual, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”

mātā < mātṛ

[noun], nominative, singular, feminine

“mother; mātṛkā; mātṛ [word]; parent; Salvinia cucullata Roxb.; Citrullus colocynthis Schrad.; cow.”

viśvavedasāsuryāya < viśva


“all(a); whole; complete; each(a); viśva [word]; completely; wholly.”

viśvavedasāsuryāya < vedasā < vedas

[noun], accusative, dual, masculine


viśvavedasāsuryāya < asuryāya < asurya

[noun], dative, singular, neuter


pramahasā < pramahas

[noun], accusative, dual, masculine

mahī < mah

[noun], nominative, singular, feminine

“great; great; distinguished; much(a); adult; long; high.”

jajānāditir < jajāna < jan

[verb], singular, Perfect indicative

“become; originate; be born; transform; happen; result; grow; beget; produce; create; conceive; separate; cause; give birth; grow; produce; generate; be; become; arise; come on.”

jajānāditir < aditiḥ < aditi

[noun], nominative, singular, feminine

“Aditi; aditi [word].”

ṛtāvarī < ṛtāvan

[noun], nominative, singular, feminine

“law-abiding; faithful; righteous.”

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