Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 2.41.12

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

इन्द्र॒ आशा॑भ्य॒स्परि॒ सर्वा॑भ्यो॒ अभ॑यं करत् । जेता॒ शत्रू॒न्विच॑र्षणिः ॥
इन्द्र आशाभ्यस्परि सर्वाभ्यो अभयं करत् । जेता शत्रून्विचर्षणिः ॥
indra āśābhyas pari sarvābhyo abhayaṃ karat | jetā śatrūn vicarṣaṇiḥ ||

English translation:

“Let Indra, the beholder of all, the conqueror of foes, send us security from all quarters.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): gṛtsamadaḥ śaunakaḥ [gṛtsamada śaunaka];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): nicṛdgāyatrī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

इन्द्रः॑ । आशा॑भ्यः । परि॑ । सर्वा॑भ्यः । अभ॑यम् । क॒र॒त् । जेता॑ । शत्रू॑न् । विऽच॑र्षणिः ॥
इन्द्रः । आशाभ्यः । परि । सर्वाभ्यः । अभयम् । करत् । जेता । शत्रून् । विचर्षणिः ॥
indraḥ | āśābhyaḥ | pari | sarvābhyaḥ | abhayam | karat | jetā | śatrūn | vi-caṣarṇiḥ

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 2.41.12 English analysis of grammar]

indra < indraḥ < indra

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”

āśābhyas < āśā

[noun], ablative, plural, feminine

“quarter; region; geographical area; sky; space.”



“from; about; around.”

sarvābhyo < sarvābhyaḥ < sarva

[noun], ablative, plural, feminine

“all(a); whole; complete; sarva [word]; every(a); each(a); all; entire; sāṃnipātika; manifold; complete; all the(a); different; overall.”

abhayaṃ < abhayam < abhaya

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“security; abhayamudrā; Abhaya.”

karat < kṛ

[verb], singular, Aorist conj./subj.

“make; perform; cause; produce; shape; construct; do; put; fill into; use; fuel; transform; bore; act; write; create; prepare; administer; dig; prepare; treat; take effect; add; trace; put on; process; treat; heed; hire; act; produce; assume; eat; ignite; chop; treat; obey; manufacture; appoint; evacuate; choose; understand; insert; happen; envelop; weigh; observe; practice; lend; bring; duplicate; plant; kṛ; concentrate; mix; knot; join; take; provide; utter; compose.”

jetā < ji

[verb], singular, periphrast. future

“overcome; cure; win; conquer; control; win; succeed; remove; beat; govern; surpass; suppress.”

śatrūn < śatru

[noun], accusative, plural, masculine

“enemy; foe; enemy; Asura.”

vicarṣaṇiḥ < vicarṣaṇi

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine


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