Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 2.41.11

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

इन्द्र॑श्च मृ॒ळया॑ति नो॒ न न॑: प॒श्चाद॒घं न॑शत् । भ॒द्रं भ॑वाति नः पु॒रः ॥
इन्द्रश्च मृळयाति नो न नः पश्चादघं नशत् । भद्रं भवाति नः पुरः ॥
indraś ca mṛḻayāti no na naḥ paścād aghaṃ naśat | bhadram bhavāti naḥ puraḥ ||

English translation:

“If Indra provide for our happiness, evil will not come behidn us, good will be before us.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): gṛtsamadaḥ śaunakaḥ [gṛtsamada śaunaka];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): gāyatrī;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

इन्द्रः॑ । च॒ । मृ॒ळया॑ति । नः॒ । न । नः॒ । प॒श्चात् । अ॒घम् । न॒श॒त् । भ॒द्रम् । भ॒वा॒ति॒ । नः॒ । पु॒रः ॥
इन्द्रः । च । मृळयाति । नः । न । नः । पश्चात् । अघम् । नशत् । भद्रम् । भवाति । नः । पुरः ॥
indraḥ | ca | mṛḷayāti | naḥ | na | naḥ | paścāt | agham | naśat | bhadram | bhavāti | naḥ | puraḥ

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 2.41.11 English analysis of grammar]

indraś < indraḥ < indra

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Indra; leader; best; king; first; head; self; indra [word]; Indra; sapphire; fourteen; guru.”



“and; besides; then; now; even.”

mṛḍayāti < mṛḍay < √mṛḍ

[verb], singular, Present conjunctive (subjunctive)


no < naḥ < mad

[noun], accusative, plural

“I; mine.”



“not; like; no; na [word].”

naḥ < mad

[noun], accusative, plural

“I; mine.”

paścād < paścāt


“subsequently; westward; paścāt [word]; after; back.”

aghaṃ < agham < agha

[noun], nominative, singular, neuter

“sin; evil; impurity; agha [word].”

naśat < naś

[verb], singular, Present conjunctive (subjunctive)

“reach; achieve; enter (a state); reach.”

bhadram < bhadra

[noun], nominative, singular, neuter

“happiness; bhadra; deodar; Bhadra; Bhadra; bhadra [word]; Bhadra; Bhadrāsana; prosperity; good fortune; benefit.”

bhavāti < bhū

[verb], singular, Present conjunctive (subjunctive)

“become; be; originate; transform; happen; result; exist; be born; be; be; come to life; grow; elapse; come to mind; thrive; become; impend; show; conceive; understand; stand; constitute; serve; apply; behave.”

naḥ < mad

[noun], dative, plural

“I; mine.”

puraḥ < puras


“ahead; puras [word]; easterly; eastward; east; earlier.”

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