Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 1.105.2

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

अर्थ॒मिद्वा उ॑ अ॒र्थिन॒ आ जा॒या यु॑वते॒ पति॑म् । तु॒ञ्जाते॒ वृष्ण्यं॒ पय॑: परि॒दाय॒ रसं॑ दुहे वि॒त्तं मे॑ अ॒स्य रो॑दसी ॥
अर्थमिद्वा उ अर्थिन आ जाया युवते पतिम् । तुञ्जाते वृष्ण्यं पयः परिदाय रसं दुहे वित्तं मे अस्य रोदसी ॥
artham id vā u arthina ā jāyā yuvate patim | tuñjāte vṛṣṇyam payaḥ paridāya rasaṃ duhe vittam me asya rodasī ||

English translation:

“Those who seek for wealth, obtain it; a wife enjoys (the presence of) her husband, and from their union progeny is engendered. Heaven and earth, be conscious of this (my affliction).”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): āptyastrita āṅgirasaḥ kutso vā [āptyastrita āṅgirasa kutsa vā];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): viśvedevā:;
Chandas (meter): nicṛtpaṅkti ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

अर्थ॑म् । इत् । वै । ऊँ॒ इति॑ । अ॒र्थिनः॑ । आ । जा॒या । यु॒व॒ते॒ । पति॑म् । तु॒ञ्जाते॒ इति॑ । वृष्ण्य॑म् । पयः॑ । प॒रि॒ऽदाय॑ । रस॑म् । दु॒हे॒ । वि॒त्तम् । मे॒ । अ॒स्य । रो॒द॒सी॒ इति॑ ॥
अर्थम् । इत् । वै । ऊँ इति । अर्थिनः । आ । जाया । युवते । पतिम् । तुञ्जाते इति । वृष्ण्यम् । पयः । परिदाय । रसम् । दुहे । वित्तम् । मे । अस्य । रोदसी इति ॥
artham | it | vai | oṃ iti | arthinaḥ | ā | jāyā | yuvate | patim | tuñjāteiti | vṛṣṇyam | payaḥ | pari-dāya | rasam | duhe | vittam | me | asya | rodasī iti

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 1.105.2 English analysis of grammar]

artham < artha

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“for; meaning; purpose; sense; wealth; object of sense; matter; aim; money; message; object; artha [word]; wealth; function; content; topic; property; situation; reason; affair; concern; reason; enterprise; reason; cause; five; application; application.”



“indeed; assuredly; entirely.”

< vai


“surely; on the other hand; vai [word]; indeed.”



“ukāra; besides; now; indeed; u.”

arthina < arthinaḥ < arthin

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“desirous; active; suppliant; busy.”



“towards; ākāra; until; ā; since; according to; ā [suffix].”


[noun], nominative, singular, feminine

“wife; jāyā [word].”

yuvate < yu

[verb], singular, Present indikative


patim < pati

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“husband; overlord; king; deity; īśvara; ruler; pati [word]; commanding officer; leader; owner; mayor; lord.”

tuñjāte < tuj

[verb], dual, Present indikative


vṛṣṇyam < vṛṣṇya

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

payaḥ < payas

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“milk; milky juice; water; fluid; juice; payas [word]; drink.”

paridāya < paridā < √dā

[verb noun]

“give; perform.”

rasaṃ < rasam < rasa

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“mercury; juice; medicine; rasa; alchemy; liquid; Rasa; mahārasa; taste; broth; elixir; resin; rasa; essence; six; water; soup; liquid body substance; rasa; formulation; myrrh; rasa [word]; amṛta; purpose; delight; solution; milk; beverage; alcohol; sap; nectar; Rasātala.”

duhe < duh

[verb], singular, Present indikative


vittam < vid

[verb], dual, Present imperative

“know; diagnose; perceive; know; accord; notice; deem; mind; learn; specify; watch; recognize; detect; call.”

me < mad

[noun], genitive, singular

“I; mine.”

asya < idam

[noun], genitive, singular, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); here.”

rodasī < rodas

[noun], vocative, dual, neuter

“heaven and earth; Earth.”

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