Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 1.38.10

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

अध॑ स्व॒नान्म॒रुतां॒ विश्व॒मा सद्म॒ पार्थि॑वम् । अरे॑जन्त॒ प्र मानु॑षाः ॥
अध स्वनान्मरुतां विश्वमा सद्म पार्थिवम् । अरेजन्त प्र मानुषाः ॥
adha svanān marutāṃ viśvam ā sadma pārthivam | arejanta pra mānuṣāḥ ||

English translation:

“At the roaring of the Maruts, every dwelling of earth (shakes), and men also tremble.”

Details:

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): kaṇvo ghauraḥ [kaṇva ghaura];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): marūtaḥ;
Chandas (meter): nicṛdgāyatrī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

अध॑ । स्व॒नात् । म॒रुताम् । विश्व॑म् । आ । सद्म॑ । पार्थि॑वम् । अरे॑जन्त । प्र । मानु॑षाः ॥
अध । स्वनात् । मरुताम् । विश्वम् । आ । सद्म । पार्थिवम् । अरेजन्त । प्र । मानुषाः ॥
adha | svanāt | marutām | viśvam | ā | sadma | pārthivam | arejanta | pra | mānuṣāḥ

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 1.38.10 English analysis of grammar]

adha

[adverb]

“then; and; therefore; now.”

svanān < svanāt < svana

[noun], ablative, singular, masculine

“noise; sound; svan.”

marutāṃ < marutām < marut

[noun], genitive, plural, masculine

“Marut; vāta; wind; Vayu.”

viśvam < viśva

[noun], nominative, singular, neuter

“all(a); whole; complete; each(a); viśva [word]; completely; wholly.”

ā

[adverb]

“towards; ākāra; until; ā; since; according to; ā [suffix].”

sadma < sadman

[noun], nominative, singular, neuter

“seat; house; stable; dwelling.”

pārthivam < pārthiva

[noun], nominative, singular, neuter

“earthly; earthen; mundane; royal; tellurian; sublunar.”

arejanta < rej

[verb], plural, Imperfect

“tremor; flicker.”

pra

[adverb]

“towards; ahead.”

mānuṣāḥ < mānuṣa

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“man; man.”

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