Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

saṃjaya uvāca |
tato bhūriśravā rājansātyakiṃ navabhiḥ śaraiḥ |
avidhyadbhṛśasaṃkruddhastottrairiva mahādvipam || 1 ||
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kauravaṃ sātyakiścaiva śaraiḥ saṃnataparvabhiḥ |
avākiradameyātmā sarvalokasya paśyataḥ || 2 ||
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tato duryodhano rājā sodaryaiḥ parivāritaḥ |
saumadattiṃ raṇe yattaḥ samantātparyavārayat || 3 ||
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tathaiva pāṇḍavāḥ sarve sātyakiṃ rabhasaṃ raṇe |
parivārya sthitāḥ saṃkhye samantātsumahaujasaḥ || 4 ||
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bhīmasenastu saṃkruddho gadāmudyamya bhārata |
duryodhanamukhānsarvānputrāṃste paryavārayat || 5 ||
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rathairanekasāhasraiḥ krodhāmarṣasamanvitaḥ |
nandakastava putrastu bhīmasenaṃ mahābalam |
vivyādha niśitaiḥ ṣaḍbhiḥ kaṅkapatraiḥ śilāśitaiḥ || 6 ||
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duryodhanastu samare bhīmasenaṃ mahābalam |
ājaghānorasi kruddho mārgaṇairniśitaistribhiḥ || 7 ||
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tato bhīmo mahābāhuḥ svarathaṃ sumahābalaḥ |
āruroha rathaśreṣṭhaṃ viśokaṃ cedamabravīt || 8 ||
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ete mahārathāḥ śūrā dhārtarāṣṭrā mahābalāḥ |
māmeva bhṛśasaṃkruddhā hantumabhyudyatā yudhi || 9 ||
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etānadya haniṣyāmi paśyataste na saṃśayaḥ |
tasmānmamāśvānsaṃgrāme yattaḥ saṃyaccha sārathe || 10 ||
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evamuktvā tataḥ pārthaḥ putraṃ duryodhanaṃ tava |
vivyādha daśabhistīkṣṇaiḥ śaraiḥ kanakabhūṣaṇaiḥ |
nandakaṃ ca tribhirbāṇaiḥ pratyavidhyatstanāntare || 11 ||
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taṃ tu duryodhanaḥ ṣaṣṭyā viddhvā bhīmaṃ mahābalam |
tribhiranyaiḥ suniśitairviśokaṃ pratyavidhyata || 12 ||
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bhīmasya ca raṇe rājandhanuściccheda bhāsvaram |
muṣṭideśe śaraistīkṣṇaistribhī rājā hasanniva || 13 ||
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bhīmastu prekṣya yantāraṃ viśokaṃ saṃyuge tadā |
pīḍitaṃ viśikhaistīkṣṇaistava putreṇa dhanvinā || 14 ||
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amṛṣyamāṇaḥ saṃkruddho dhanurdivyaṃ parāmṛśat |
putrasya te mahārāja vadhārthaṃ bharatarṣabha || 15 ||
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samādatta ca saṃrabdhaḥ kṣurapraṃ lomavāhinam |
tena ciccheda nṛpaterbhīmaḥ kārmukamuttamam || 16 ||
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so'pavidhya dhanuśchinnaṃ krodhena prajvalanniva |
anyatkārmukamādatta satvaraṃ vegavattaram || 17 ||
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saṃdhatta viśikhaṃ ghoraṃ kālamṛtyusamaprabham |
tenājaghāna saṃkruddho bhīmasenaṃ stanāntare || 18 ||
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sa gāḍhaviddho vyathitaḥ syandanopastha āviśat |
sa niṣaṇṇo rathopasthe mūrchāmabhijagāma ha || 19 ||
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taṃ dṛṣṭvā vyathitaṃ bhīmamabhimanyupurogamāḥ |
nāmṛṣyanta maheṣvāsāḥ pāṇḍavānāṃ mahārathāḥ || 20 ||
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tatastu tumulāṃ vṛṣṭiṃ śastrāṇāṃ tigmatejasām |
pātayāmāsuravyagrāḥ putrasya tava mūrdhani || 21 ||
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pratilabhya tataḥ saṃjñāṃ bhīmaseno mahābalaḥ |
duryodhanaṃ tribhirviddhvā punarvivyādha pañcabhiḥ || 22 ||
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śalyaṃ ca pañcaviṃśatyā śarairvivyādha pāṇḍavaḥ |
rukmapuṅkhairmaheṣvāsaḥ sa viddho vyapayādraṇāt || 23 ||
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pratyudyayustato bhīmaṃ tava putrāścaturdaśa |
senāpatiḥ suṣeṇaśca jalasaṃdhaḥ sulocanaḥ || 24 ||
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ugro bhīmaratho bhīmo bhīmabāhuralolupaḥ |
durmukho duṣpradharṣaśca vivitsurvikaṭaḥ samaḥ || 25 ||
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visṛjanto bahūnbāṇānkrodhasaṃraktalocanāḥ |
bhīmasenamabhidrutya vivyadhuḥ sahitā bhṛśam || 26 ||
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putrāṃstu tava saṃprekṣya bhīmaseno mahābalaḥ |
sṛkkiṇī vilihanvīraḥ paśumadhye vṛko yathā |
senāpateḥ kṣurapreṇa śiraściccheda pāṇḍavaḥ || 27 ||
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jalasaṃdhaṃ vinirbhidya so'nayadyamasādanam |
suṣeṇaṃ ca tato hatvā preṣayāmāsa mṛtyave || 28 ||
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ugrasya saśirastrāṇaṃ śiraścandropamaṃ bhuvi |
pātayāmāsa bhallena kuṇḍalābhyāṃ vibhūṣitam || 29 ||
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bhīmabāhuṃ ca saptatyā sāśvaketuṃ sasārathim |
nināya samare bhīmaḥ paralokāya māriṣa || 30 ||
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bhīmaṃ bhīmarathaṃ cobhau bhīmaseno hasanniva |
bhrātarau rabhasau rājannanayadyamasādanam || 31 ||
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tataḥ sulocanaṃ bhīmaḥ kṣurapreṇa mahāmṛdhe |
miṣatāṃ sarvasainyānāmanayadyamasādanam || 32 ||
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putrāstu tava taṃ dṛṣṭvā bhīmasenaparākramam |
śeṣā ye'nye'bhavaṃstatra te bhīmasya bhayārditāḥ |
vipradrutā diśo rājanvadhyamānā mahātmanā || 33 ||
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tato'bravīcchāṃtanavaḥ sarvāneva mahārathān |
eṣa bhīmo raṇe kruddho dhārtarāṣṭrānmahārathān || 34 ||
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yathāprāgryānyathājyeṣṭhānyathāśūrāṃśca saṃgatān |
nipātayatyugradhanvā taṃ pramathnīta pārthivāḥ || 35 ||
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evamuktāstataḥ sarve dhārtarāṣṭrasya sainikāḥ |
abhyadravanta saṃkruddhā bhīmasenaṃ mahābalam || 36 ||
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bhagadattaḥ prabhinnena kuñjareṇa viśāṃ pate |
apatatsahasā tatra yatra bhīmo vyavasthitaḥ || 37 ||
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āpatanneva ca raṇe bhīmasenaṃ śilāśitaiḥ |
adṛśyaṃ samare cakre jīmūta iva bhāskaram || 38 ||
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abhimanyumukhāstatra nāmṛṣyanta mahārathāḥ |
bhīmasyācchādanaṃ saṃkhye svabāhubalamāśritāḥ || 39 ||
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ta enaṃ śaravarṣeṇa samantātparyavārayan |
gajaṃ ca śaravṛṣṭyā taṃ bibhiduste samantataḥ || 40 ||
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sa śastravṛṣṭyābhihataḥ prādravaddviguṇaṃ padam |
prāgjyotiṣagajo rājannānāliṅgaiḥ sutejanaiḥ || 41 ||
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saṃjātarudhirotpīḍaḥ prekṣaṇīyo'bhavadraṇe |
gabhastibhirivārkasya saṃsyūto jalado mahān || 42 ||
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sa codito madasrāvī bhagadattena vāraṇaḥ |
abhyadhāvata tānsarvānkālotsṛṣṭa ivāntakaḥ |
dviguṇaṃ javamāsthāya kampayaṃścaraṇairmahīm || 43 ||
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tasya tatsumahadrūpaṃ dṛṣṭvā sarve mahārathāḥ |
asahyaṃ manyamānāste nātipramanaso'bhavan || 44 ||
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tatastu nṛpatiḥ kruddho bhīmasenaṃ stanāntare |
ājaghāna naravyāghra śareṇa nataparvaṇā || 45 ||
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so'tividdho maheṣvāsastena rājñā mahārathaḥ |
mūrchayābhiparītāṅgo dhvajayaṣṭimupāśritaḥ || 46 ||
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tāṃstu bhītānsamālakṣya bhīmasenaṃ ca mūrchitam |
nanāda balavannādaṃ bhagadattaḥ pratāpavān || 47 ||
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tato ghaṭotkaco rājanprekṣya bhīmaṃ tathāgatam |
saṃkruddho rākṣaso ghorastatraivāntaradhīyata || 48 ||
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sa kṛtvā dāruṇāṃ māyāṃ bhīrūṇāṃ bhayavardhinīm |
adṛśyata nimeṣārdhādghorarūpaṃ samāśritaḥ || 49 ||
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airāvataṃ samāruhya svayaṃ māyāmayaṃ kṛtam |
tasya cānye'pi diṅnāgā babhūvuranuyāyinaḥ || 50 ||
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añjano vāmanaścaiva mahāpadmaśca suprabhaḥ |
traya ete mahānāgā rākṣasaiḥ samadhiṣṭhitāḥ || 51 ||
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mahākāyāstridhā rājanprasravanto madaṃ bahu |
tejovīryabalopetā mahābalaparākramāḥ || 52 ||
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ghaṭotkacastu svaṃ nāgaṃ codayāmāsa taṃ tataḥ |
sagajaṃ bhagadattaṃ tu hantukāmaḥ paraṃtapaḥ || 53 ||
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te cānye coditā nāgā rākṣasaistairmahābalaiḥ |
paripetuḥ susaṃrabdhāścaturdaṃṣṭrāścaturdiśam |
bhagadattasya taṃ nāgaṃ viṣāṇaiste'bhyapīḍayan || 54 ||
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saṃpīḍyamānastairnāgairvedanārtaḥ śarāturaḥ |
so'nadatsumahānādamindrāśanisamasvanam || 55 ||
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tasya taṃ nadato nādaṃ sughoraṃ bhīmanisvanam |
śrutvā bhīṣmo'bravīddroṇaṃ rājānaṃ ca suyodhanam || 56 ||
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eṣa yudhyati saṃgrāme haiḍimbena durātmanā |
bhagadatto maheṣvāsaḥ kṛcchreṇa parivartate || 57 ||
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rākṣasaśca mahāmāyaḥ sa ca rājātikopanaḥ |
tau sametau mahāvīryau kālamṛtyusamāvubhau || 58 ||
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śrūyate hyeṣa hṛṣṭānāṃ pāṇḍavānāṃ mahāsvanaḥ |
hastinaścaiva sumahānbhītasya ruvato dhvaniḥ || 59 ||
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tatra gacchāma bhadraṃ vo rājānaṃ parirakṣitum |
arakṣyamāṇaḥ samare kṣipraṃ prāṇānvimokṣyate || 60 ||
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te tvaradhvaṃ mahāvīryāḥ kiṃ cireṇa prayāmahe |
mahānhi vartate raudraḥ saṃgrāmo lomaharṣaṇaḥ || 61 ||
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bhaktaśca kulaputraśca śūraśca pṛtanāpatiḥ |
yuktaṃ tasya paritrāṇaṃ kartumasmābhiracyutāḥ || 62 ||
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bhīṣmasya tadvacaḥ śrutvā bhāradvājapurogamāḥ |
sahitāḥ sarvarājāno bhagadattaparīpsayā |
uttamaṃ javamāsthāya prayayuryatra so'bhavat || 63 ||
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tānprayātānsamālokya yudhiṣṭhirapurogamāḥ |
pāñcālāḥ pāṇḍavaiḥ sārdhaṃ pṛṣṭhato'nuyayuḥ parān || 64 ||
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tānyanīkānyathālokya rākṣasendraḥ pratāpavān |
nanāda sumahānādaṃ visphoṭamaśaneriva || 65 ||
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tasya taṃ ninadaṃ śrutvā dṛṣṭvā nāgāṃśca yudhyataḥ |
bhīṣmaḥ śāṃtanavo bhūyo bhāradvājamabhāṣata || 66 ||
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na rocate me saṃgrāmo haiḍimbena durātmanā |
balavīryasamāviṣṭaḥ sasahāyaśca sāṃpratam || 67 ||
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naiṣa śakyo yudhā jetumapi vajrabhṛtā svayam |
labdhalakṣyaḥ prahārī ca vayaṃ ca śrāntavāhanāḥ |
pāñcālaiḥ pāṇḍaveyaiśca divasaṃ kṣatavikṣatāḥ || 68 ||
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tanna me rocate yuddhaṃ pāṇḍavairjitakāśibhiḥ |
ghuṣyatāmavahāro'dya śvo yotsyāmaḥ paraiḥ saha || 69 ||
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pitāmahavacaḥ śrutvā tathā cakruḥ sma kauravāḥ |
upāyenāpayānaṃ te ghaṭotkacabhayārditāḥ || 70 ||
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kauraveṣu nivṛtteṣu pāṇḍavā jitakāśinaḥ |
siṃhanādamakurvanta śaṅkhaveṇusvanaiḥ saha || 71 ||
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evaṃ tadabhavadyuddhaṃ divasaṃ bharatarṣabha |
pāṇḍavānāṃ kurūṇāṃ ca puraskṛtya ghaṭotkacam || 72 ||
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kauravāstu tato rājanprayayuḥ śibiraṃ svakam |
vrīḍamānā niśākāle pāṇḍaveyaiḥ parājitāḥ || 73 ||
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śaravikṣatagātrāśca pāṇḍuputrā mahārathāḥ |
yuddhe sumanaso bhūtvā śibirāyaiva jagmire || 74 ||
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puraskṛtya mahārāja bhīmasenaghaṭotkacau |
pūjayantastadānyonyaṃ mudā paramayā yutāḥ || 75 ||
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nadanto vividhānnādāṃstūryasvanavimiśritān |
siṃhanādāṃśca kurvāṇā vimiśrāñśaṅkhanisvanaiḥ || 76 ||
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vinadanto mahātmānaḥ kampayantaśca medinīm |
ghaṭṭayantaśca marmāṇi tava putrasya māriṣa |
prayātāḥ śibirāyaiva niśākāle paraṃtapāḥ || 77 ||
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duryodhanastu nṛpatirdīno bhrātṛvadhena ca |
muhūrtaṃ cintayāmāsa bāṣpaśokasamākulaḥ || 78 ||
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tataḥ kṛtvā vidhiṃ sarvaṃ śibirasya yathāvidhi |
pradadhyau śokasaṃtapto bhrātṛvyasanakarśitaḥ || 79 ||
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Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Chapter 60

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

Buy now!
Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!
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