Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 6.60.70

पितामहवचः श्रुत्वा तथा चक्रुः स्म कौरवाः ।
उपायेनापयानं ते घटोत्कचभयार्दिताः ॥ ७० ॥

pitāmahavacaḥ śrutvā tathā cakruḥ sma kauravāḥ |
upāyenāpayānaṃ te ghaṭotkacabhayārditāḥ || 70 ||

Note! The following is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...Pancala afflicted his foe with five and twenty arrows, and then slew his steeds, O king, and then both the protectors of his wings. Then, O bull of Bharata’s race...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (6.60.70). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Pitamaha, Vaca, Vacas, Tatha, Cakru, Sma, Kaurava, Upaya, Apayana, Tad, Yushmad, Ghatotkaca, Bha, Bhaya, Ardita,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 6.60.70). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “pitāmahavacaḥ śrutvā tathā cakruḥ sma kauravāḥ
  • pitāmaha -
  • pitāmaha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vacaḥ -
  • vacas (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vacas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    vaca (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • śrutvā -
  • śru -> śrutvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √śru]
  • tathā -
  • tathā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tathā (indeclinable)
    tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • cakruḥ -
  • cakru (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    cakru (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    kṛ (verb class 1)
    [perfect active third plural]
    kṛ (verb class 2)
    [perfect active third plural]
    kṛ (verb class 5)
    [perfect active third plural]
    kṛ (verb class 8)
    [perfect active third plural]
    kṛ (verb class 3)
    [perfect active third plural]
    kṛ (verb class 6)
    [perfect active third plural]
  • sma -
  • sma (indeclinable)
    sman (noun, masculine)
  • kauravāḥ -
  • kaurava (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • Line 2: “upāyenāpayānaṃ te ghaṭotkacabhayārditāḥ
  • upāyenā -
  • upāya (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • apayānam -
  • apayāna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • ghaṭotkaca -
  • ghaṭotkaca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bhayā -
  • bhaya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bhaya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bhā (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
    bhayā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    bhī (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • arditāḥ -
  • ardita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    arditā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 6.60.70

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 6.60.70 in Kannada sript:
ಪಿತಾಮಹವಚಃ ಶ್ರುತ್ವಾ ತಥಾ ಚಕ್ರುಃ ಸ್ಮ ಕೌರವಾಃ ।
ಉಪಾಯೇನಾಪಯಾನಂ ತೇ ಘಟೋತ್ಕಚಭಯಾರ್ದಿತಾಃ ॥ ೭೦ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 6.60.70 in Bengali sript:
পিতামহবচঃ শ্রুত্বা তথা চক্রুঃ স্ম কৌরবাঃ ।
উপাযেনাপযানং তে ঘটোত্কচভযার্দিতাঃ ॥ ৭০ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 6.60.70 in Gujarati sript:
પિતામહવચઃ શ્રુત્વા તથા ચક્રુઃ સ્મ કૌરવાઃ ।
ઉપાયેનાપયાનં તે ઘટોત્કચભયાર્દિતાઃ ॥ ૭૦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 6.60.70 in Malayalam sript:
പിതാമഹവചഃ ശ്രുത്വാ തഥാ ചക്രുഃ സ്മ കൌരവാഃ ।
ഉപായേനാപയാനം തേ ഘടോത്കചഭയാര്ദിതാഃ ॥ ൭൦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 6.60.70 in Telugu sript:
పితామహవచః శ్రుత్వా తథా చక్రుః స్మ కౌరవాః ।
ఉపాయేనాపయానం తే ఘటోత్కచభయార్దితాః ॥ ౭౦ ॥

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