Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

duryodhana uvāca |
na bhetavyaṃ mahārāja na śocyā bhavatā vayam |
samarthāḥ sma parānrājanvijetuṃ samare vibho || 1 ||
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vanaṃ pravrājitānpārthānyadāyānmadhusūdanaḥ |
mahatā balacakreṇa pararāṣṭrāvamardinā || 2 ||
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kekayā dhṛṣṭaketuśca dhṛṣṭadyumnaśca pārṣataḥ |
rājānaścānvayuḥ pārthānbahavo'nye'nuyāyinaḥ || 3 ||
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indraprasthasya cādūrātsamājagmurmahārathāḥ |
vyagarhayaṃśca saṃgamya bhavantaṃ kurubhiḥ saha || 4 ||
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te yudhiṣṭhiramāsīnamajinaiḥ prativāsitam |
kṛṣṇapradhānāḥ saṃhatya paryupāsanta bhārata || 5 ||
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pratyādānaṃ ca rājyasya kāryamūcurnarādhipāḥ |
bhavataḥ sānubandhasya samucchedaṃ cikīrṣavaḥ || 6 ||
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śrutvā caitanmayoktāstu bhīṣmadroṇakṛpāstadā |
jñātikṣayabhayādrājanbhītena bharatarṣabha || 7 ||
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na te sthāsyanti samaye pāṇḍavā iti me matiḥ |
samucchedaṃ hi naḥ kṛtsnaṃ vāsudevaścikīrṣati || 8 ||
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ṛte ca viduraṃ sarve yūyaṃ vadhyā mahātmanaḥ |
dhṛtarāṣṭraśca dharmajño na vadhyaḥ kurusattamaḥ || 9 ||
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samucchedaṃ ca kṛtsnaṃ naḥ kṛtvā tāta janārdanaḥ |
ekarājyaṃ kurūṇāṃ sma cikīrṣati yudhiṣṭhire || 10 ||
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tatra kiṃ prāptakālaṃ naḥ praṇipātaḥ palāyanam |
prāṇānvā saṃparityajya pratiyudhyāmahe parān || 11 ||
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pratiyuddhe tu niyataḥ syādasmākaṃ parājayaḥ |
yudhiṣṭhirasya sarve hi pārthivā vaśavartinaḥ || 12 ||
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viraktarāṣṭrāśca vayaṃ mitrāṇi kupitāni naḥ |
dhikkṛtāḥ pārthivaiḥ sarvaiḥ svajanena ca sarvaśaḥ || 13 ||
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praṇipāte tu doṣo'sti bandhūnāṃ śāśvatīḥ samāḥ |
pitaraṃ tveva śocāmi prajñānetraṃ janeśvaram |
matkṛte duḥkhamāpannaṃ kleśaṃ prāptamanantakam || 14 ||
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kṛtaṃ hi tava putraiśca pareṣāmavarodhanam |
matpriyārthaṃ puraivaitadviditaṃ te narottama || 15 ||
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te rājño dhṛtarāṣṭrasya sāmātyasya mahārathāḥ |
vairaṃ pratikariṣyanti kulocchedena pāṇḍavāḥ || 16 ||
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tato droṇo'bravīdbhīṣmaḥ kṛpo drauṇiśca bhārata |
matvā māṃ mahatīṃ cintāmāsthitaṃ vyathitendriyam || 17 ||
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abhidrugdhāḥ pare cenno na bhetavyaṃ paraṃtapa |
asamarthāḥ pare jetumasmānyudhi janeśvara || 18 ||
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ekaikaśaḥ samarthāḥ smo vijetuṃ sarvapārthivān |
āgacchantu vineṣyāmo darpameṣāṃ śitaiḥ śaraiḥ || 19 ||
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puraikena hi bhīṣmeṇa vijitāḥ sarvapārthivāḥ |
mṛte pitaryabhikruddho rathenaikena bhārata || 20 ||
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jaghāna subahūṃsteṣāṃ saṃrabdhaḥ kurusattamaḥ |
tataste śaraṇaṃ jagmurdevavratamimaṃ bhayāt || 21 ||
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sa bhīṣmaḥ susamartho'yamasmābhiḥ sahito raṇe |
parānvijetuṃ tasmātte vyetu bhīrbharatarṣabha |
ityeṣāṃ niścayo hyāsīttatkālamamitaujasām || 22 ||
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purā pareṣāṃ pṛthivī kṛtsnāsīdvaśavartinī |
asmānpunaramī nādya samarthā jetumāhave |
chinnapakṣāḥ pare hyadya vīryahīnāśca pāṇḍavāḥ || 23 ||
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asmatsaṃsthā ca pṛthivī vartate bharatarṣabha |
ekārthāḥ sukhaduḥkheṣu mayānītāśca pārthivāḥ || 24 ||
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apyagniṃ praviśeyuste samudraṃ vā paraṃtapa |
madarthe pārthivāḥ sarve tadviddhi kurusattama || 25 ||
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unmattamiva cāpi tvāṃ prahasantīha duḥkhitam |
vilapantaṃ bahuvidhaṃ bhītaṃ paravikatthane || 26 ||
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eṣāṃ hyekaikaśo rājñāṃ samarthaḥ pāṇḍavānprati |
ātmānaṃ manyate sarvo vyetu te bhayamāgatam || 27 ||
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sarvāṃ samagrāṃ senāṃ me vāsavo'pi na śaknuyāt |
hantumakṣayyarūpeyaṃ brahmaṇāpi svayambhuvā || 28 ||
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yudhiṣṭhiraḥ puraṃ hitvā pañca grāmānsa yācati |
bhīto hi māmakātsainyātprabhāvāccaiva me prabho || 29 ||
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samarthaṃ manyase yacca kuntīputraṃ vṛkodaram |
tanmithyā na hi me kṛtsnaṃ prabhāvaṃ vettha bhārata || 30 ||
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matsamo hi gadāyuddhe pṛthivyāṃ nāsti kaścana |
nāsītkaścidatikrānto bhavitā na ca kaścana || 31 ||
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yukto duḥkhocitaścāhaṃ vidyāpāragatastathā |
tasmānna bhīmānnānyebhyo bhayaṃ me vidyate kvacit || 32 ||
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duryodhanasamo nāsti gadāyāmiti niścayaḥ |
saṃkarṣaṇasya bhadraṃ te yattadainamupāvasam || 33 ||
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yuddhe saṃkarṣaṇasamo balenābhyadhiko bhuvi |
gadāprahāraṃ bhīmo me na jātu viṣahedyudhi || 34 ||
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ekaṃ prahāraṃ yaṃ dadyāṃ bhīmāya ruṣito nṛpa |
sa evainaṃ nayedghoraṃ kṣipraṃ vaivasvatakṣayam || 35 ||
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iccheyaṃ ca gadāhastaṃ rājandraṣṭuṃ vṛkodaram |
suciraṃ prārthito hyeṣa mama nityaṃ manorathaḥ || 36 ||
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gadayā nihato hyājau mama pārtho vṛkodaraḥ |
viśīrṇagātraḥ pṛthivīṃ parāsuḥ prapatiṣyati || 37 ||
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gadāprahārābhihato himavānapi parvataḥ |
sakṛnmayā viśīryeta giriḥ śatasahasradhā || 38 ||
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sa cāpyetadvijānāti vāsudevārjunau tathā |
duryodhanasamo nāsti gadāyāmiti niścayaḥ || 39 ||
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tatte vṛkodaramayaṃ bhayaṃ vyetu mahāhave |
vyapaneṣyāmyahaṃ hyenaṃ mā rājanvimanā bhava || 40 ||
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tasminmayā hate kṣipramarjunaṃ bahavo rathāḥ |
tulyarūpā viśiṣṭāśca kṣepsyanti bharatarṣabha || 41 ||
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bhīṣmo droṇaḥ kṛpo drauṇiḥ karṇo bhūriśravāstathā |
prāgjyotiṣādhipaḥ śalyaḥ sindhurājo jayadrathaḥ || 42 ||
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ekaika eṣāṃ śaktastu hantuṃ bhārata pāṇḍavān |
samastāstu kṣaṇenaitānneṣyanti yamasādanam || 43 ||
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samagrā pārthivī senā pārthamekaṃ dhanaṃjayam |
kasmādaśaktā nirjetumiti heturna vidyate || 44 ||
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śaravrātaistu bhīṣmeṇa śataśo'tha sahasraśaḥ |
droṇadrauṇikṛpaiścaiva gantā pārtho yamakṣayam || 45 ||
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pitāmaho hi gāṅgeyaḥ śaṃtanoradhi bhārata |
brahmarṣisadṛśo jajñe devairapi durutsahaḥ |
pitrā hyuktaḥ prasannena nākāmastvaṃ mariṣyasi || 46 ||
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brahmarṣeśca bharadvājāddroṇyāṃ droṇo vyajāyata |
droṇājjajñe mahārāja drauṇiśca paramāstravit || 47 ||
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kṛpaścācāryamukhyo'yaṃ maharṣergautamādapi |
śarastambodbhavaḥ śrīmānavadhya iti me matiḥ || 48 ||
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ayonijaṃ trayaṃ hyetatpitā mātā ca mātulaḥ |
aśvatthāmno mahārāja sa ca śūraḥ sthito mama || 49 ||
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sarva ete mahārāja devakalpā mahārathāḥ |
śakrasyāpi vyathāṃ kuryuḥ saṃyuge bharatarṣabha || 50 ||
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bhīṣmadroṇakṛpāṇāṃ ca tulyaḥ karṇo mato mama |
anujñātaśca rāmeṇa matsamo'sīti bhārata || 51 ||
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kuṇḍale rucire cāstāṃ karṇasya sahaje śubhe |
te śacyarthe mahendreṇa yācitaḥ sa paraṃtapaḥ |
amoghayā mahārāja śaktyā paramabhīmayā || 52 ||
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tasya śaktyopagūḍhasya kasmājjīveddhanaṃjayaḥ |
vijayo me dhruvaṃ rājanphalaṃ pāṇāvivāhitam |
abhivyaktaḥ pareṣāṃ ca kṛtsno bhuvi parājayaḥ || 53 ||
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ahnā hyekena bhīṣmo'yamayutaṃ hanti bhārata |
tatsamāśca maheṣvāsā droṇadrauṇikṛpā api || 54 ||
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saṃśaptāni ca vṛndāni kṣatriyāṇāṃ paraṃtapa |
arjunaṃ vayamasmānvā dhanaṃjaya iti sma ha || 55 ||
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tāṃścālamiti manyante savyasācivadhe vibho |
pārthivāḥ sa bhavānrājannakasmādvyathate katham || 56 ||
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bhīmasene ca nihate ko'nyo yudhyeta bhārata |
pareṣāṃ tanmamācakṣva yadi vettha paraṃtapa || 57 ||
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pañca te bhrātaraḥ sarve dhṛṣṭadyumno'tha sātyakiḥ |
pareṣāṃ sapta ye rājanyodhāḥ paramakaṃ balam || 58 ||
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asmākaṃ tu viśiṣṭā ye bhīṣmadroṇakṛpādayaḥ |
drauṇirvaikartanaḥ karṇaḥ somadatto'tha bāhlikaḥ || 59 ||
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prāgjyotiṣādhipaḥ śalya āvantyo'tha jayadrathaḥ |
duḥśāsano durmukhaśca duḥsahaśca viśāṃ pate || 60 ||
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śrutāyuścitrasenaśca purumitro viviṃśatiḥ |
śalo bhūriśravāścobhau vikarṇaśca tavātmajaḥ || 61 ||
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akṣauhiṇyo hi me rājandaśaikā ca samāhṛtāḥ |
nyūnāḥ pareṣāṃ saptaiva kasmānme syātparājayaḥ || 62 ||
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balaṃ triguṇato hīnaṃ yodhyaṃ prāha bṛhaspatiḥ |
parebhyastriguṇā ceyaṃ mama rājannanīkinī || 63 ||
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guṇahīnaṃ pareṣāṃ ca bahu paśyāmi bhārata |
guṇodayaṃ bahuguṇamātmanaśca viśāṃ pate || 64 ||
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etatsarvaṃ samājñāya balāgryaṃ mama bhārata |
nyūnatāṃ pāṇḍavānāṃ ca na mohaṃ gantumarhasi || 65 ||
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vaiśaṃpāyana uvāca |
ityuktvā saṃjayaṃ bhūyaḥ paryapṛcchata bhārata |
vidhitsuḥ prāptakālāni jñātvā parapuraṃjayaḥ || 66 ||
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Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Chapter 54

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!
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