Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 5.54.41

तस्मिन्मया हते क्षिप्रमर्जुनं बहवो रथाः ।
तुल्यरूपा विशिष्टाश्च क्षेप्स्यन्ति भरतर्षभ ॥ ४१ ॥

tasminmayā hate kṣipramarjunaṃ bahavo rathāḥ |
tulyarūpā viśiṣṭāśca kṣepsyanti bharatarṣabha || 41 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...another Yuga at the end of the last one, then Dhritarashtra with all his sons repent. When the wicked, hearted and the wrathful son of Dhritarashtra will be deprived of prosperity...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (5.54.41). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tad, Maya, Hata, Hati, Kshipram, Kshipra, Arjuna, Bahu, Bahava, Ratha, Tulyarupa, Vishishta, Kshepsyat, Kshepsyanti, Bharatarshabha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 5.54.41). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tasminmayā hate kṣipramarjunaṃ bahavo rathāḥ
  • tasmin -
  • tad (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • mayā* -
  • maya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    mayā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • hate -
  • hata (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    hata (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    hatā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    hati (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    han -> hata (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √han class 1 verb], [locative single from √han class 2 verb]
    han -> hata (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √han class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √han class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √han class 1 verb], [locative single from √han class 1 verb], [nominative dual from √han class 2 verb], [vocative dual from √han class 2 verb], [accusative dual from √han class 2 verb], [locative single from √han class 2 verb]
    han -> hatā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √han class 1 verb], [vocative single from √han class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √han class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √han class 1 verb], [nominative dual from √han class 2 verb], [vocative single from √han class 2 verb], [vocative dual from √han class 2 verb], [accusative dual from √han class 2 verb]
    han (verb class 2)
    [present middle third single]
  • kṣipram -
  • kṣipram (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kṣipra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kṣipra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kṣiprā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • arjunam -
  • arjuna (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    arjuna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    arjunā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • bahavo* -
  • bahu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    bahava (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • rathāḥ -
  • ratha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • Line 2: “tulyarūpā viśiṣṭāśca kṣepsyanti bharatarṣabha
  • tulyarūpā* -
  • tulyarūpa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    tulyarūpā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • viśiṣṭāś -
  • viśiṣṭa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    viśiṣṭā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kṣepsyanti -
  • kṣip -> kṣepsyat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √kṣip class 4 verb], [vocative plural from √kṣip class 4 verb], [accusative plural from √kṣip class 4 verb], [nominative plural from √kṣip class 6 verb], [vocative plural from √kṣip class 6 verb], [accusative plural from √kṣip class 6 verb]
    kṣip -> kṣepsyantī (participle, feminine)
    [vocative single from √kṣip class 4 verb], [vocative single from √kṣip class 6 verb]
    kṣip (verb class 4)
    [future active third plural]
    kṣip (verb class 6)
    [future active third plural]
  • bharatarṣabha -
  • bharatarṣabha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 5.54.41

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 5.54.41 in Kannada sript:
ತಸ್ಮಿನ್ಮಯಾ ಹತೇ ಕ್ಷಿಪ್ರಮರ್ಜುನಂ ಬಹವೋ ರಥಾಃ ।
ತುಲ್ಯರೂಪಾ ವಿಶಿಷ್ಟಾಶ್ಚ ಕ್ಷೇಪ್ಸ್ಯನ್ತಿ ಭರತರ್ಷಭ ॥ ೪೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 5.54.41 in Bengali sript:
তস্মিন্মযা হতে ক্ষিপ্রমর্জুনং বহবো রথাঃ ।
তুল্যরূপা বিশিষ্টাশ্চ ক্ষেপ্স্যন্তি ভরতর্ষভ ॥ ৪১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 5.54.41 in Gujarati sript:
તસ્મિન્મયા હતે ક્ષિપ્રમર્જુનં બહવો રથાઃ ।
તુલ્યરૂપા વિશિષ્ટાશ્ચ ક્ષેપ્સ્યન્તિ ભરતર્ષભ ॥ ૪૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 5.54.41 in Malayalam sript:
തസ്മിന്മയാ ഹതേ ക്ഷിപ്രമര്ജുനം ബഹവോ രഥാഃ ।
തുല്യരൂപാ വിശിഷ്ടാശ്ച ക്ഷേപ്സ്യന്തി ഭരതര്ഷഭ ॥ ൪൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!

Preview of verse 5.54.41 in Telugu sript:
తస్మిన్మయా హతే క్షిప్రమర్జునం బహవో రథాః ।
తుల్యరూపా విశిష్టాశ్చ క్షేప్స్యన్తి భరతర్షభ ॥ ౪౧ ॥

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