Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 3.51.10

हस्त्यश्वरथघोषेण नादयन्तो वसुंधराम् ।
विचित्रमाल्याभरणैर्बलैर्दृश्यैः स्वलंकृतैः ॥ १० ॥

hastyaśvarathaghoṣeṇa nādayanto vasuṃdharām |
vicitramālyābharaṇairbalairdṛśyaiḥ svalaṃkṛtaiḥ || 10 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...they praised Nala in gladness of heart. And without saying anything, they mentally paid him homage, 'Oh, what comeliness! Oh, what gentleness belongs to this high-souled one...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.51.10). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Hastyashvarathaghosha, Nadayat, Vasundhara, Vicitramalyabharana, Bala, Drishya, Svalankrita,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 3.51.10). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “hastyaśvarathaghoṣeṇa nādayanto vasuṃdharām
  • hastyaśvarathaghoṣeṇa -
  • hastyaśvarathaghoṣa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • nādayanto* -
  • nad -> nādayat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √nad], [vocative plural from √nad]
    nādayat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • vasundharām -
  • vasundharā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “vicitramālyābharaṇairbalairdṛśyaiḥ svalaṃkṛtaiḥ
  • vicitramālyābharaṇair -
  • vicitramālyābharaṇa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    vicitramālyābharaṇa (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • balair -
  • bala (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    bala (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • dṛśyaiḥ -
  • dṛśya (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    dṛśya (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
    dṛś -> dṛśya (participle, masculine)
    [instrumental plural from √dṛś class 1 verb]
    dṛś -> dṛśya (participle, neuter)
    [instrumental plural from √dṛś class 1 verb]
  • svalaṅkṛtaiḥ -
  • svalaṅkṛta (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    svalaṅkṛta (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 3.51.10

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 3.51.10 in Kannada sript:
ಹಸ್ತ್ಯಶ್ವರಥಘೋಷೇಣ ನಾದಯನ್ತೋ ವಸುಂಧರಾಮ್ ।
ವಿಚಿತ್ರಮಾಲ್ಯಾಭರಣೈರ್ಬಲೈರ್ದೃಶ್ಯೈಃ ಸ್ವಲಂಕೃತೈಃ ॥ ೧೦ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 3.51.10 in Bengali sript:
হস্ত্যশ্বরথঘোষেণ নাদযন্তো বসুংধরাম্ ।
বিচিত্রমাল্যাভরণৈর্বলৈর্দৃশ্যৈঃ স্বলংকৃতৈঃ ॥ ১০ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 3.51.10 in Gujarati sript:
હસ્ત્યશ્વરથઘોષેણ નાદયન્તો વસુંધરામ્ ।
વિચિત્રમાલ્યાભરણૈર્બલૈર્દૃશ્યૈઃ સ્વલંકૃતૈઃ ॥ ૧૦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 3.51.10 in Malayalam sript:
ഹസ്ത്യശ്വരഥഘോഷേണ നാദയന്തോ വസുംധരാമ് ।
വിചിത്രമാല്യാഭരണൈര്ബലൈര്ദൃശ്യൈഃ സ്വലംകൃതൈഃ ॥ ൧൦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


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Preview of verse 3.51.10 in Telugu sript:
హస్త్యశ్వరథఘోషేణ నాదయన్తో వసుంధరామ్ ।
విచిత్రమాల్యాభరణైర్బలైర్దృశ్యైః స్వలంకృతైః ॥ ౧౦ ॥

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