Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

vaiśaṃpāyana uvāca |
yājñasenyā vacaḥ śrutvā bhīmaseno'tyamarṣaṇaḥ |
niḥśvasannupasaṃgamya kruddho rājānamabravīt || 1 ||
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rājyasya padavīṃ dharmyāṃ vraja satpuruṣocitām |
dharmakāmārthahīnānāṃ kiṃ no vastuṃ tapovane || 2 ||
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naiva dharmeṇa tadrājyaṃ nārjavena na caujasā |
akṣakūṭamadhiṣṭhāya hṛtaṃ duryodhanena naḥ || 3 ||
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gomāyuneva siṃhānāṃ durbalena balīyasām |
āmiṣaṃ vighasāśena tadvadrājyaṃ hi no hṛtam || 4 ||
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dharmaleśapraticchannaḥ prabhavaṃ dharmakāmayoḥ |
arthamutsṛjya kiṃ rājandurgeṣu paritapyase || 5 ||
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bhavato'nuvidhānena rājyaṃ naḥ paśyatāṃ hṛtam |
ahāryamapi śakreṇa guptaṃ gāṇḍīvadhanvanā || 6 ||
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kuṇīnāmiva bilvāni paṅgūnāmiva dhenavaḥ |
hṛtamaiśvaryamasmākaṃ jīvatāṃ bhavataḥ kṛte || 7 ||
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bhavataḥ priyamityevaṃ mahadvyasanamīdṛśam |
dharmakāme pratītasya pratipannāḥ sma bhārata || 8 ||
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karśayāmaḥ svamitrāṇi nandayāmaśca śātravān |
ātmānaṃ bhavataḥ śāstre niyamya bharatarṣabha || 9 ||
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yadvayaṃ na tadaivaitāndhārtarāṣṭrānnihanmahi |
bhavataḥ śāstramādāya tannastapati duṣkṛtam || 10 ||
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athaināmanvavekṣasva mṛgacaryāmivātmanaḥ |
avīrācaritāṃ rājanna balasthairniṣevitām || 11 ||
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yāṃ na kṛṣṇo na bībhatsurnābhimanyurna sṛñjayaḥ |
na cāhamabhinandāmi na ca mādrīsutāvubhau || 12 ||
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bhavāndharmo dharma iti satataṃ vratakarśitaḥ |
kaccidrājanna nirvedādāpannaḥ klībajīvikām || 13 ||
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durmanuṣyā hi nirvedamaphalaṃ sarvaghātinam |
aśaktāḥ śriyamāhartumātmanaḥ kurvate priyam || 14 ||
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sa bhavāndṛṣṭimāñśaktaḥ paśyannātmani pauruṣam |
ānṛśaṃsyaparo rājannānarthamavabudhyase || 15 ||
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asmānamī dhārtarāṣṭrāḥ kṣamamāṇānalaṃ sataḥ |
aśaktāneva manyante tadduḥkhaṃ nāhave vadhaḥ || 16 ||
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tatra cedyudhyamānānāmajihmamanivartinām |
sarvaśo hi vadhaḥ śreyānpretya lokāṃllabhemahi || 17 ||
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atha vā vayamevaitānnihatya bharatarṣabha |
ādadīmahi gāṃ sarvāṃ tathāpi śreya eva naḥ || 18 ||
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sarvathā kāryametannaḥ svadharmamanutiṣṭhatām |
kāṅkṣatāṃ vipulāṃ kīrtiṃ vairaṃ praticikīrṣatām || 19 ||
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ātmārthaṃ yudhyamānānāṃ vidite kṛtyalakṣaṇe |
anyairapahṛte rājye praśaṃsaiva na garhaṇā || 20 ||
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karśanārtho hi yo dharmo mitrāṇāmātmanastathā |
vyasanaṃ nāma tadrājanna sa dharmaḥ kudharma tat || 21 ||
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sarvathā dharmanityaṃ tu puruṣaṃ dharmadurbalam |
jahatastāta dharmārthau pretaṃ duḥkhasukhe yathā || 22 ||
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yasya dharmo hi dharmārthaṃ kleśabhāṅna sa paṇḍitaḥ |
na sa dharmasya vedārthaṃ sūryasyāndhaḥ prabhāmiva || 23 ||
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yasya cārthārthamevārthaḥ sa ca nārthasya kovidaḥ |
rakṣate bhṛtako'raṇyaṃ yathā syāttādṛgeva saḥ || 24 ||
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ativelaṃ hi yo'rthārthī netarāvanutiṣṭhati |
sa vadhyaḥ sarvabhūtānāṃ brahmaheva jugupsitaḥ || 25 ||
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satataṃ yaśca kāmārthī netarāvanutiṣṭhati |
mitrāṇi tasya naśyanti dharmārthābhyāṃ ca hīyate || 26 ||
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tasya dharmārthahīnasya kāmānte nidhanaṃ dhruvam |
kāmato ramamāṇasya mīnasyevāmbhasaḥ kṣaye || 27 ||
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tasmāddharmārthayornityaṃ na pramādyanti paṇḍitāḥ |
prakṛtiḥ sā hi kāmasya pāvakasyāraṇiryathā || 28 ||
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sarvathā dharmamūlo'rtho dharmaścārthaparigrahaḥ |
itaretarayonī tau viddhi meghodadhī yathā || 29 ||
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dravyārthasparśasaṃyoge yā prītirupajāyate |
sa kāmaścittasaṃkalpaḥ śarīraṃ nāsya vidyate || 30 ||
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arthārthī puruṣo rājanbṛhantaṃ dharmamṛcchati |
arthamṛcchati kāmārthī na kāmādanyamṛcchatī || 31 ||
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na hi kāmena kāmo'nyaḥ sādhyate phalameva tat |
upayogātphalasyeva kāṣṭhādbhasmeva paṇḍitaḥ || 32 ||
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imāñśakunikānrājanhanti vaitaṃsiko yathā |
etadrūpamadharmasya bhūteṣu ca vihiṃsatām || 33 ||
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kāmāllobhācca dharmasya pravṛttiṃ yo na paśyati |
sa vadhyaḥ sarvabhūtānāṃ pretya ceha ca durmatiḥ || 34 ||
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vyaktaṃ te vidito rājannartho dravyaparigrahaḥ |
prakṛtiṃ cāpi vetthāsya vikṛtiṃ cāpi bhūyasīm || 35 ||
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tasya nāśaṃ vināśaṃ vā jarayā maraṇena vā |
anarthamiti manyante so'yamasmāsu vartate || 36 ||
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indriyāṇāṃ ca pañcānāṃ manaso hṛdayasya ca |
viṣaye vartamānānāṃ yā prītirupajāyate |
sa kāma iti me buddhiḥ karmaṇāṃ phalamuttamam || 37 ||
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evameva pṛthagdṛṣṭvā dharmārthau kāmameva ca |
na dharmapara eva syānna cārthaparamo naraḥ |
na kāmaparamo vā syātsarvānseveta sarvadā || 38 ||
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dharmaṃ pūrvaṃ dhanaṃ madhye jaghanye kāmamācaret |
ahanyanucaredevameṣa śāstrakṛto vidhiḥ || 39 ||
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kāmaṃ pūrvaṃ dhanaṃ madhye jaghanye dharmamācaret |
vayasyanucaredevameṣa śāstrakṛto vidhiḥ || 40 ||
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dharmaṃ cārthaṃ ca kāmaṃ ca yathāvadvadatāṃ vara |
vibhajya kāle kālajñaḥ sarvānseveta paṇḍitaḥ || 41 ||
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mokṣo vā paramaṃ śreya eṣa rājansukhārthinām |
prāptirvā buddhimāsthāya sopāyaṃ kurunandana || 42 ||
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tadvāśu kriyatāṃ rājanprāptirvāpyadhigamyatām |
jīvitaṃ hyāturasyeva duḥkhamantaravartinaḥ || 43 ||
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viditaścaiva te dharmaḥ satataṃ caritaśca te |
jānate tvayi śaṃsanti suhṛdaḥ karmacodanām || 44 ||
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dānaṃ yajñaḥ satāṃ pūjā vedadhāraṇamārjavam |
eṣa dharmaḥ paro rājanphalavānpretya ceha ca || 45 ||
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eṣa nārthavihīnena śakyo rājanniṣevitum |
akhilāḥ puruṣavyāghra guṇāḥ syuryadyapītare || 46 ||
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dharmamūlaṃ jagadrājannānyaddharmādviśiṣyate |
dharmaścārthena mahatā śakyo rājanniṣevitum || 47 ||
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na cārtho bhaikṣacaryeṇa nāpi klaibyena karhicit |
vettuṃ śakyaḥ sadā rājankevalaṃ dharmabuddhinā || 48 ||
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pratiṣiddhā hi te yācñā yayā sidhyati vai dvijaḥ |
tejasaivārthalipsāyāṃ yatasva puruṣarṣabha || 49 ||
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bhaikṣacaryā na vihitā na ca viṭśūdrajīvikā |
kṣatriyasya viśeṣeṇa dharmastu balamaurasam || 50 ||
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udārameva vidvāṃso dharmaṃ prāhurmanīṣiṇaḥ |
udāraṃ pratipadyasva nāvare sthātumarhasi || 51 ||
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anubudhyasva rājendra vettha dharmānsanātanān |
krūrakarmābhijāto'si yasmādudvijate janaḥ || 52 ||
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prajāpālanasaṃbhūtaṃ phalaṃ tava na garhitam |
eṣa te vihito rājandhātrā dharmaḥ sanātanaḥ || 53 ||
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tasmādvicalitaḥ pārtha loke hāsyaṃ gamiṣyasi |
svadharmāddhi manuṣyāṇāṃ calanaṃ na praśasyate || 54 ||
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sa kṣātraṃ hṛdayaṃ kṛtvā tyaktvedaṃ śithilaṃ manaḥ |
vīryamāsthāya kaunteya dhuramudvaha dhuryavat || 55 ||
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na hi kevaladharmātmā pṛthivīṃ jātu kaścana |
pārthivo vyajayadrājanna bhūtiṃ na punaḥ śriyam || 56 ||
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jihvāṃ dattvā bahūnāṃ hi kṣudrāṇāṃ lubdhacetasām |
nikṛtyā labhate rājyamāhāramiva śalyakaḥ || 57 ||
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bhrātaraḥ pūrvajātāśca susamṛddhāśca sarvaśaḥ |
nikṛtyā nirjitā devairasurāḥ pāṇḍavarṣabha || 58 ||
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evaṃ balavataḥ sarvamiti buddhvā mahīpate |
jahi śatrūnmahābāho parāṃ nikṛtimāsthitaḥ || 59 ||
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na hyarjunasamaḥ kaścidyudhi yoddhā dhanurdharaḥ |
bhavitā vā pumānkaścinmatsamo vā gadādharaḥ || 60 ||
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sattvena kurute yuddhaṃ rājansubalavānapi |
na pramāṇena notsāhātsattvastho bhava pāṇḍava || 61 ||
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sattvaṃ hi mūlamarthasya vitathaṃ yadato'nyathā |
na tu prasaktaṃ bhavati vṛkṣacchāyeva haimanī || 62 ||
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arthatyāgo hi kāryaḥ syādarthaṃ śreyāṃsamicchatā |
bījaupamyena kaunteya mā te bhūdatra saṃśayaḥ || 63 ||
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arthena tu samo'nartho yatra labhyeta nodayaḥ |
na tatra vipaṇaḥ kāryaḥ kharakaṇḍūyitaṃ hi tat || 64 ||
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evameva manuṣyendra dharmaṃ tyaktvālpakaṃ naraḥ |
bṛhantaṃ dharmamāpnoti sa buddha iti niścitaḥ || 65 ||
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amitraṃ mitrasaṃpannaṃ mitrairbhindanti paṇḍitāḥ |
bhinnairmitraiḥ parityaktaṃ durbalaṃ kurute vaśe || 66 ||
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sattvena kurute yuddhaṃ rājansubalavānapi |
nodyamena na hotrābhiḥ sarvāḥ svīkurute prajāḥ || 67 ||
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sarvathā saṃhataireva durbalairbalavānapi |
amitraḥ śakyate hantuṃ madhuhā bhramarairiva || 68 ||
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yathā rājanprajāḥ sarvāḥ sūryaḥ pāti gabhastibhiḥ |
atti caiva tathaiva tvaṃ savituḥ sadṛśo bhava || 69 ||
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etaddhyapi tapo rājanpurāṇamiti naḥ śrutam |
vidhinā pālanaṃ bhūmeryatkṛtaṃ naḥ pitāmahaiḥ || 70 ||
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apeyātkila bhāḥ sūryāllakṣmīścandramasastathā |
iti loko vyavasito dṛṣṭvemāṃ bhavato vyathām || 71 ||
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bhavataśca praśaṃsābhirnindābhiritarasya ca |
kathāyuktāḥ pariṣadaḥ pṛthagrājansamāgatāḥ || 72 ||
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idamabhyadhikaṃ rājanbrāhmaṇā guravaśca te |
sametāḥ kathayantīha muditāḥ satyasaṃdhatām || 73 ||
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yanna mohānna kārpaṇyānna lobhānna bhayādapi |
anṛtaṃ kiṃciduktaṃ te na kāmānnārthakāraṇāt || 74 ||
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yadenaḥ kurute kiṃcidrājā bhūmimavāpnuvan |
sarvaṃ tannudate paścādyajñairvipuladakṣiṇaiḥ || 75 ||
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brāhmaṇebhyo dadadgrāmāngāśca rājansahasraśaḥ |
mucyate sarvapāpebhyastamobhya iva candramāḥ || 76 ||
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paurajānapadāḥ sarve prāyaśaḥ kurunandana |
savṛddhabālāḥ sahitāḥ śaṃsanti tvāṃ yudhiṣṭhira || 77 ||
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śvadṛtau kṣīramāsaktaṃ brahma vā vṛṣale yathā |
satyaṃ stene balaṃ nāryāṃ rājyaṃ duryodhane tathā || 78 ||
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iti nirvacanaṃ loke ciraṃ carati bhārata |
api caitatstriyo bālāḥ svādhyāyamiva kurvate || 79 ||
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sa bhavānrathamāsthāya sarvopakaraṇānvitam |
tvaramāṇo'bhiniryātu ciramarthopapādakam || 80 ||
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vācayitvā dvijaśreṣṭhānadyaiva gajasāhvayam |
astravidbhiḥ parivṛto bhrātṛbhirdṛḍhadhanvibhiḥ |
āśīviṣasamairvīrairmarudbhiriva vṛtrahā || 81 ||
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amitrāṃstejasā mṛdnannasurebhya ivārihā |
śriyamādatsva kaunteya dhārtarāṣṭrānmahābala || 82 ||
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na hi gāṇḍīvamuktānāṃ śarāṇāṃ gārdhravāsasām |
sparśamāśīviṣābhānāṃ martyaḥ kaścana saṃsahet || 83 ||
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na sa vīro na mātaṅgo na sadaśvo'sti bhārata |
yaḥ saheta gadāvegaṃ mama kruddhasya saṃyuge || 84 ||
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sṛñjayaiḥ saha kaikeyairvṛṣṇīnāmṛṣabheṇa ca |
kathaṃ svidyudhi kaunteya rājyaṃ na prāpnuyāmahe || 85 ||
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Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Chapter 34

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

Buy now!
Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!
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