Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.125.22

सुकुमारं च सूक्ष्मं च गुरुं चापि गुरुप्रियः ।
सौष्ठवेनाभिसंयुक्तः सोऽविध्यद्विविधैः शरैः ॥ २२ ॥

sukumāraṃ ca sūkṣmaṃ ca guruṃ cāpi gurupriyaḥ |
sauṣṭhavenābhisaṃyuktaḥ so'vidhyadvividhaiḥ śaraiḥ || 22 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...hostile cities, with the permission of Drona, advanced for the combat. On the other side, Karna, having been embraced by Duryodhana with his brothers, taking up his bow and arrows, stood...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.125.22). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Sukumara, Sukshmam, Sukshma, Guru, Capin, Gurupriya, Saushthava, Abhisamyukta, Sah, Vividha, Shara,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.125.22). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “sukumāraṃ ca sūkṣmaṃ ca guruṃ cāpi gurupriyaḥ
  • sukumāram -
  • sukumāra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sukumāra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sukumārā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sūkṣmam -
  • sūkṣmam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sūkṣma (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sūkṣma (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sūkṣmā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • gurum -
  • guru (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • cāpi -
  • cāpin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    cāpin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • gurupriyaḥ -
  • gurupriya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “sauṣṭhavenābhisaṃyuktaḥ so'vidhyadvividhaiḥ śaraiḥ
  • sauṣṭhavenā -
  • sauṣṭhava (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • abhisaṃyuktaḥ -
  • abhisaṃyukta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • so' -
  • saḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    so (noun, feminine)
    [compound]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • avidhyad -
  • vyadh (verb class 4)
    [imperfect active third single]
  • vividhaiḥ -
  • vividha (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    vividha (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • śaraiḥ -
  • śara (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    śara (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.125.22

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.125.22 in Kannada sript:
ಸುಕುಮಾರಂ ಚ ಸೂಕ್ಷ್ಮಂ ಚ ಗುರುಂ ಚಾಪಿ ಗುರುಪ್ರಿಯಃ ।
ಸೌಷ್ಠವೇನಾಭಿಸಂಯುಕ್ತಃ ಸೋಽವಿಧ್ಯದ್ವಿವಿಧೈಃ ಶರೈಃ ॥ ೨೨ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.125.22 in Bengali sript:
সুকুমারং চ সূক্ষ্মং চ গুরুং চাপি গুরুপ্রিযঃ ।
সৌষ্ঠবেনাভিসংযুক্তঃ সোঽবিধ্যদ্বিবিধৈঃ শরৈঃ ॥ ২২ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 1.125.22 in Gujarati sript:
સુકુમારં ચ સૂક્ષ્મં ચ ગુરું ચાપિ ગુરુપ્રિયઃ ।
સૌષ્ઠવેનાભિસંયુક્તઃ સોઽવિધ્યદ્વિવિધૈઃ શરૈઃ ॥ ૨૨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.125.22 in Malayalam sript:
സുകുമാരം ച സൂക്ഷ്മം ച ഗുരും ചാപി ഗുരുപ്രിയഃ ।
സൌഷ്ഠവേനാഭിസംയുക്തഃ സോഽവിധ്യദ്വിവിധൈഃ ശരൈഃ ॥ ൨൨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 1.125.22 in Telugu sript:
సుకుమారం చ సూక్ష్మం చ గురుం చాపి గురుప్రియః ।
సౌష్ఠవేనాభిసంయుక్తః సోఽవిధ్యద్వివిధైః శరైః ॥ ౨౨ ॥

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