Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.124.21

ततो बद्धतनुत्राणा बद्धकक्ष्या महाबलाः ।
बद्धतूणाः सधनुषो विविशुर्भरतर्षभाः ॥ २१ ॥

tato baddhatanutrāṇā baddhakakṣyā mahābalāḥ |
baddhatūṇāḥ sadhanuṣo viviśurbharatarṣabhāḥ || 21 ||

Note! The following is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...those versed in arms!' —'This is the foremost of all cherishers of virtue!' —'This is the foremost of the persons of correct behaviour, the great repository of the knowledge of manners...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.124.21). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tatah, Tad, Tata, Baddha, Baddhakakshya, Mahabala, Tuna, Sadhanus, Bharatarshabha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.124.21). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tato baddhatanutrāṇā baddhakakṣyā mahābalāḥ
  • tato* -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • baddha -
  • baddha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    baddha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tanutrāṇā -
  • baddhakakṣyā* -
  • baddhakakṣya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    baddhakakṣyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • mahābalāḥ -
  • mahābala (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    mahābalā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • Line 2: “baddhatūṇāḥ sadhanuṣo viviśurbharatarṣabhāḥ
  • baddha -
  • baddha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    baddha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tūṇāḥ -
  • tūṇa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    tūṇā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • sadhanuṣo* -
  • sadhanus (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    sadhanus (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • viviśur -
  • viś (verb class 6)
    [perfect active third plural]
    viś (verb class 1)
    [perfect active third plural]
  • bharatarṣabhāḥ -
  • bharatarṣabha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.124.21

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.124.21 in Kannada sript:
ತತೋ ಬದ್ಧತನುತ್ರಾಣಾ ಬದ್ಧಕಕ್ಷ್ಯಾ ಮಹಾಬಲಾಃ ।
ಬದ್ಧತೂಣಾಃ ಸಧನುಷೋ ವಿವಿಶುರ್ಭರತರ್ಷಭಾಃ ॥ ೨೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.124.21 in Bengali sript:
ততো বদ্ধতনুত্রাণা বদ্ধকক্ষ্যা মহাবলাঃ ।
বদ্ধতূণাঃ সধনুষো বিবিশুর্ভরতর্ষভাঃ ॥ ২১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 1.124.21 in Gujarati sript:
તતો બદ્ધતનુત્રાણા બદ્ધકક્ષ્યા મહાબલાઃ ।
બદ્ધતૂણાઃ સધનુષો વિવિશુર્ભરતર્ષભાઃ ॥ ૨૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.124.21 in Malayalam sript:
തതോ ബദ്ധതനുത്രാണാ ബദ്ധകക്ഷ്യാ മഹാബലാഃ ।
ബദ്ധതൂണാഃ സധനുഷോ വിവിശുര്ഭരതര്ഷഭാഃ ॥ ൨൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


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Preview of verse 1.124.21 in Telugu sript:
తతో బద్ధతనుత్రాణా బద్ధకక్ష్యా మహాబలాః ।
బద్ధతూణాః సధనుషో వివిశుర్భరతర్షభాః ॥ ౨౧ ॥

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