Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.105.12

तथा काशिषु सुह्मेषु पुण्ड्रेषु भरतर्षभ ।
स्वबाहुबलवीर्येण कुरूणामकरोद्यशः ॥ १२ ॥

tathā kāśiṣu suhmeṣu puṇḍreṣu bharatarṣabha |
svabāhubalavīryeṇa kurūṇāmakarodyaśaḥ || 12 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...during the time when Gandhari was in a state of advanced pregnancy, there was a maid servant of the Vaisya class who used to attend on Dhritarashtra. During that year, O king, was begotten...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.105.12). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tatha, Kashi, Kashin, Suhma, Pundra, Bharatarshabha, Svabahubala, Virya, Kuru, Yasha, Yashas,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.105.12). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tathā kāśiṣu suhmeṣu puṇḍreṣu bharatarṣabha
  • tathā -
  • tathā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • kāśiṣu -
  • kāśi (noun, feminine)
    [locative plural]
    kāśi (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    kāśin (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    kāśin (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
  • suhmeṣu -
  • suhma (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
  • puṇḍreṣu -
  • puṇḍra (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    puṇḍra (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
  • bharatarṣabha -
  • bharatarṣabha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Line 2: “svabāhubalavīryeṇa kurūṇāmakarodyaśaḥ
  • svabāhubala -
  • svabāhubala (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vīryeṇa -
  • vīrya (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    vīr -> vīrya (participle, masculine)
    [instrumental single from √vīr class 10 verb]
    vīr -> vīrya (participle, neuter)
    [instrumental single from √vīr class 10 verb]
  • kurūṇām -
  • kuru (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
    kuru (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
  • akarod -
  • kṛ (verb class 8)
    [imperfect active third single]
  • yaśaḥ -
  • yaśas (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    yaśas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    yaśa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.105.12

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.105.12 in Kannada sript:
ತಥಾ ಕಾಶಿಷು ಸುಹ್ಮೇಷು ಪುಣ್ಡ್ರೇಷು ಭರತರ್ಷಭ ।
ಸ್ವಬಾಹುಬಲವೀರ್ಯೇಣ ಕುರೂಣಾಮಕರೋದ್ಯಶಃ ॥ ೧೨ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.105.12 in Bengali sript:
তথা কাশিষু সুহ্মেষু পুণ্ড্রেষু ভরতর্ষভ ।
স্ববাহুবলবীর্যেণ কুরূণামকরোদ্যশঃ ॥ ১২ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 1.105.12 in Gujarati sript:
તથા કાશિષુ સુહ્મેષુ પુણ્ડ્રેષુ ભરતર્ષભ ।
સ્વબાહુબલવીર્યેણ કુરૂણામકરોદ્યશઃ ॥ ૧૨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.105.12 in Malayalam sript:
തഥാ കാശിഷു സുഹ്മേഷു പുണ്ഡ്രേഷു ഭരതര്ഷഭ ।
സ്വബാഹുബലവീര്യേണ കുരൂണാമകരോദ്യശഃ ॥ ൧൨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 1.105.12 in Telugu sript:
తథా కాశిషు సుహ్మేషు పుణ్డ్రేషు భరతర్షభ ।
స్వబాహుబలవీర్యేణ కురూణామకరోద్యశః ॥ ౧౨ ॥

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