Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.89.15

दुःषन्तं शूरभीमौ च प्रपूर्वं वसुमेव च ।
तेषां ज्येष्ठोऽभवद्राजा दुःषन्तो जनमेजय ॥ १५ ॥

duḥṣantaṃ śūrabhīmau ca prapūrvaṃ vasumeva ca |
teṣāṃ jyeṣṭho'bhavadrājā duḥṣanto janamejaya || 15 ||

Note! The following is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...the forest on the banks of the Sindhu extending to the foot of the mountains. There the Bharatas lived for a full thousand years, within their fort. And after they had lived there a thousand...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.89.15). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Duhshanta, Shura, Bhima, Prapurva, Vasuman, Iva, Tad, Jyeshtha, Raja, Janamejaya,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.89.15). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “duḥṣantaṃ śūrabhīmau ca prapūrvaṃ vasumeva ca
  • duḥṣantam -
  • duḥṣanta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • śūra -
  • śūra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    śūra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bhīmau -
  • bhīma (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • prapūrvam -
  • prapūrva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    prapūrva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • vasume -
  • vasuman (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    vasuman (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • iva -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Line 2: “teṣāṃ jyeṣṭho'bhavadrājā duḥṣanto janamejaya
  • teṣām -
  • tad (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
  • jyeṣṭho' -
  • jyeṣṭha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • abhavad -
  • bhū (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active third single]
  • rājā* -
  • rāja (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    rājā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • duḥṣanto* -
  • duḥṣanta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • janamejaya -
  • janamejaya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.89.15

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.89.15 in Kannada sript:
ದುಃಷನ್ತಂ ಶೂರಭೀಮೌ ಚ ಪ್ರಪೂರ್ವಂ ವಸುಮೇವ ಚ ।
ತೇಷಾಂ ಜ್ಯೇಷ್ಠೋಽಭವದ್ರಾಜಾ ದುಃಷನ್ತೋ ಜನಮೇಜಯ ॥ ೧೫ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.89.15 in Bengali sript:
দুঃষন্তং শূরভীমৌ চ প্রপূর্বং বসুমেব চ ।
তেষাং জ্যেষ্ঠোঽভবদ্রাজা দুঃষন্তো জনমেজয ॥ ১৫ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 1.89.15 in Gujarati sript:
દુઃષન્તં શૂરભીમૌ ચ પ્રપૂર્વં વસુમેવ ચ ।
તેષાં જ્યેષ્ઠોઽભવદ્રાજા દુઃષન્તો જનમેજય ॥ ૧૫ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.89.15 in Malayalam sript:
ദുഃഷന്തം ശൂരഭീമൌ ച പ്രപൂര്വം വസുമേവ ച ।
തേഷാം ജ്യേഷ്ഠോഽഭവദ്രാജാ ദുഃഷന്തോ ജനമേജയ ॥ ൧൫ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.89.15 in Telugu sript:
దుఃషన్తం శూరభీమౌ చ ప్రపూర్వం వసుమేవ చ ।
తేషాం జ్యేష్ఠోఽభవద్రాజా దుఃషన్తో జనమేజయ ॥ ౧౫ ॥

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