Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.1.178

अविक्षित्प्रबलो धूर्तः कृतबन्धुर्दृढेषुधिः ।
महापुराणः संभाव्यः प्रत्यङ्गः परहा श्रुतिः ॥ १७८ ॥

avikṣitprabalo dhūrtaḥ kṛtabandhurdṛḍheṣudhiḥ |
mahāpurāṇaḥ saṃbhāvyaḥ pratyaṅgaḥ parahā śrutiḥ || 178 ||

Note! The following is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...the whole army engaged in single combat with the son of Drona and showing himself equal to him drove his chariot in circles around, then, O Sanjaya, I had no hope of success. When upon...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.1.178). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Avikshit, Prabala, Dhurta, Kritabandhu, Dridheshudhi, Mahapura, Sambhavya, Pratyanga, Parahan, Shruti,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.1.178). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “avikṣitprabalo dhūrtaḥ kṛtabandhurdṛḍheṣudhiḥ
  • avikṣit -
  • avikṣit (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
  • prabalo* -
  • prabala (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • dhūrtaḥ -
  • dhūrta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • kṛtabandhur -
  • kṛtabandhu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • dṛḍheṣudhiḥ -
  • dṛḍheṣudhi (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “mahāpurāṇaḥ saṃbhāvyaḥ pratyaṅgaḥ parahā śrutiḥ
  • mahāpurā -
  • mahāpura (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • āṇaḥ -
  • aṇ (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active second single]
  • sambhāvyaḥ -
  • sambhāvya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • pratyaṅgaḥ -
  • pratyaṅga (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • parahā -
  • parahan (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • śrutiḥ -
  • śruti (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.1.178

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.1.178 in Kannada sript:
ಅವಿಕ್ಷಿತ್ಪ್ರಬಲೋ ಧೂರ್ತಃ ಕೃತಬನ್ಧುರ್ದೃಢೇಷುಧಿಃ ।
ಮಹಾಪುರಾಣಃ ಸಂಭಾವ್ಯಃ ಪ್ರತ್ಯಙ್ಗಃ ಪರಹಾ ಶ್ರುತಿಃ ॥ ೧೭೮ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.1.178 in Bengali sript:
অবিক্ষিত্প্রবলো ধূর্তঃ কৃতবন্ধুর্দৃঢেষুধিঃ ।
মহাপুরাণঃ সংভাব্যঃ প্রত্যঙ্গঃ পরহা শ্রুতিঃ ॥ ১৭৮ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 1.1.178 in Gujarati sript:
અવિક્ષિત્પ્રબલો ધૂર્તઃ કૃતબન્ધુર્દૃઢેષુધિઃ ।
મહાપુરાણઃ સંભાવ્યઃ પ્રત્યઙ્ગઃ પરહા શ્રુતિઃ ॥ ૧૭૮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.1.178 in Malayalam sript:
അവിക്ഷിത്പ്രബലോ ധൂര്തഃ കൃതബന്ധുര്ദൃഢേഷുധിഃ ।
മഹാപുരാണഃ സംഭാവ്യഃ പ്രത്യങ്ഗഃ പരഹാ ശ്രുതിഃ ॥ ൧൭൮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


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Preview of verse 1.1.178 in Telugu sript:
అవిక్షిత్ప్రబలో ధూర్తః కృతబన్ధుర్దృఢేషుధిః ।
మహాపురాణః సంభావ్యః ప్రత్యఙ్గః పరహా శ్రుతిః ॥ ౧౭౮ ॥

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