Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.1.43

दश पुत्रसहस्राणि दशज्योतेर्महात्मनः ।
ततो दशगुणाश्चान्ये शतज्योतेरिहात्मजाः ॥ ४३ ॥

daśa putrasahasrāṇi daśajyotermahātmanaḥ |
tato daśaguṇāścānye śatajyoterihātmajāḥ || 43 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...The son of Satyavati having, by penance and meditation, analysed the eternal Veda, afterwards composed this holy history, when that learned Brahmarshi of strict vows, the noble Dvaipayana...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.1.43). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Dasha, Putra, Sahasra, Dashajyoti, Mahatman, Tatah, Tad, Tata, Dashaguna, Shatajyoti, Atmaja,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.1.43). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “daśa putrasahasrāṇi daśajyotermahātmanaḥ
  • daśa -
  • daśa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    daśa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    daṃś (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • putra -
  • putra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    putra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sahasrāṇi -
  • sahasra (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • daśajyoter -
  • daśajyoti (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • mahātmanaḥ -
  • mahātman (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    mahātman (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • Line 2: “tato daśaguṇāścānye śatajyoterihātmajāḥ
  • tato* -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • daśaguṇāś -
  • daśaguṇa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    daśaguṇā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • cānye -
  • śatajyoter -
  • śatajyoti (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • rihā -
  • rih (verb class 6)
    [imperative active second single]
  • ātmajāḥ -
  • ātmaja (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    ātmajā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.1.43

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.1.43 in Kannada sript:
ದಶ ಪುತ್ರಸಹಸ್ರಾಣಿ ದಶಜ್ಯೋತೇರ್ಮಹಾತ್ಮನಃ ।
ತತೋ ದಶಗುಣಾಶ್ಚಾನ್ಯೇ ಶತಜ್ಯೋತೇರಿಹಾತ್ಮಜಾಃ ॥ ೪೩ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.1.43 in Bengali sript:
দশ পুত্রসহস্রাণি দশজ্যোতের্মহাত্মনঃ ।
ততো দশগুণাশ্চান্যে শতজ্যোতেরিহাত্মজাঃ ॥ ৪৩ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 1.1.43 in Gujarati sript:
દશ પુત્રસહસ્રાણિ દશજ્યોતેર્મહાત્મનઃ ।
તતો દશગુણાશ્ચાન્યે શતજ્યોતેરિહાત્મજાઃ ॥ ૪૩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.1.43 in Malayalam sript:
ദശ പുത്രസഹസ്രാണി ദശജ്യോതേര്മഹാത്മനഃ ।
തതോ ദശഗുണാശ്ചാന്യേ ശതജ്യോതേരിഹാത്മജാഃ ॥ ൪൩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 1.1.43 in Telugu sript:
దశ పుత్రసహస్రాణి దశజ్యోతేర్మహాత్మనః ।
తతో దశగుణాశ్చాన్యే శతజ్యోతేరిహాత్మజాః ॥ ౪౩ ॥

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