Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

maheśvara uvāca |
tilottamā nāma purā brahmaṇā yoṣiduttamā |
tilaṃ tilaṃ samuddhṛtya ratnānāṃ nirmitā śubhā || 1 ||
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sābhyagacchata māṃ devi rūpeṇāpratimā bhuvi |
pradakṣiṇaṃ lobhayantī māṃ śubhe rucirānanā || 2 ||
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yato yataḥ sā sudatī māmupādhāvadantike |
tatastato mukhaṃ cāru mama devi vinirgatam || 3 ||
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tāṃ didṛkṣurahaṃ yogāccaturmūrtitvamāgataḥ |
caturmukhaśca saṃvṛtto darśayanyogamātmanaḥ || 4 ||
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pūrveṇa vadanenāhamindratvamanuśāsmi ha |
uttareṇa tvayā sārdhaṃ ramāmyahamanindite || 5 ||
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paścimaṃ me mukhaṃ saumyaṃ sarvaprāṇisukhāvaham |
dakṣiṇaṃ bhīmasaṃkāśaṃ raudraṃ saṃharati prajāḥ || 6 ||
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jaṭilo brahmacārī ca lokānāṃ hitakāmyayā |
devakāryārthasiddhyarthaṃ pinākaṃ me kare sthitam || 7 ||
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indreṇa ca purā vajraṃ kṣiptaṃ śrīkāṅkṣiṇā mama |
dagdhvā kaṇṭhaṃ tu tadyātaṃ tena śrīkaṇṭhatā mama || 8 ||
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umovāca |
vāhaneṣu prabhūteṣu śrīmatsvanyeṣu satsu te |
kathaṃ govṛṣabho deva vāhanatvamupāgataḥ || 9 ||
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maheśvara uvāca |
surabhīṃ sasṛje brahmāmṛtadhenuṃ payomucam |
sā sṛṣṭā bahudhā jātā kṣaramāṇā payo'mṛtam || 10 ||
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tasyā vatsamukhotsṛṣṭaḥ pheno madgātramāgataḥ |
tato dagdhā mayā gāvo nānāvarṇatvamāgatāḥ || 11 ||
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tato'haṃ lokaguruṇā śamaṃ nīto'rthavedinā |
vṛṣaṃ cemaṃ dhvajārthaṃ me dadau vāhanameva ca || 12 ||
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umovāca |
nivāsā bahurūpāste viśvarūpaguṇānvitāḥ |
tāṃśca saṃtyajya bhagavañśmaśāne ramase katham || 13 ||
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keśāsthikalile bhīme kapālaghaṭasaṃkule |
gṛdhragomāyukalile citāgniśatasaṃkule || 14 ||
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aśucau māṃsakalile vasāśoṇitakardame |
vinikīrṇāmiṣacaye śivānādavinādite || 15 ||
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maheśvara uvāca |
medhyānveṣī mahīṃ kṛtsnāṃ vicarāmi niśāsvaham |
na ca medhyataraṃ kiṃcicchmaśānādiha vidyate || 16 ||
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tena me sarvavāsānāṃ śmaśāne ramate manaḥ |
nyagrodhaśākhāsaṃchanne nirbhuktasragvibhūṣite || 17 ||
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tatra caiva ramante me bhūtasaṃghāḥ śubhānane |
na ca bhūtagaṇairdevi vināhaṃ vastumutsahe || 18 ||
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eṣa vāso hi me medhyaḥ svargīyaśca mato hi me |
puṇyaḥ paramakaścaiva medhyakāmairupāsyate || 19 ||
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umovāca |
bhagavansarvabhūteśa sarvadharmabhṛtāṃ vara |
pinākapāṇe varada saṃśayo me mahānayam || 20 ||
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ayaṃ munigaṇaḥ sarvastapastapa iti prabho |
taponveṣakaro loke bhramate vividhākṛtiḥ || 21 ||
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asya caivarṣisaṃghasya mama ca priyakāmyayā |
etaṃ mameha saṃdehaṃ vaktumarhasyariṃdama || 22 ||
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dharmaḥ kiṃlakṣaṇaḥ proktaḥ kathaṃ vācarituṃ naraiḥ |
śakyo dharmamavindadbhirdharmajña vada me prabho || 23 ||
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nārada uvāca |
tato munigaṇaḥ sarvastāṃ devīṃ pratyapūjayat |
vāgbhirṛgbhūṣitārthābhiḥ stavaiścārthavidāṃ vara || 24 ||
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maheśvara uvāca |
ahiṃsā satyavacanaṃ sarvabhūtānukampanam |
śamo dānaṃ yathāśakti gārhasthyo dharma uttamaḥ || 25 ||
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paradāreṣvasaṃkalpo nyāsastrīparirakṣaṇam |
adattādānaviramo madhumāṃsasya varjanam || 26 ||
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eṣa pañcavidho dharmo bahuśākhaḥ sukhodayaḥ |
dehibhirdharmaparamaiḥ kartavyo dharmasaṃcayaḥ || 27 ||
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umovāca |
bhagavansaṃśayaṃ pṛṣṭastaṃ me vyākhyātumarhasi |
cāturvarṇyasya yo dharmaḥ sve sve varṇe guṇāvahaḥ || 28 ||
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brāhmaṇe kīdṛśo dharmaḥ kṣatriye kīdṛśo bhavet |
vaiśye kiṃlakṣaṇo dharmaḥ śūdre kiṃlakṣaṇo bhavet || 29 ||
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maheśvara uvāca |
nyāyataste mahābhāge saṃśayaḥ samudīritaḥ |
bhūmidevā mahābhāgāḥ sadā loke dvijātayaḥ || 30 ||
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upavāsaḥ sadā dharmo brāhmaṇasya na saṃśayaḥ |
sa hi dharmārthamutpanno brahmabhūyāya kalpate || 31 ||
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tasya dharmakriyā devi vratacaryā ca nyāyataḥ |
tathopanayanaṃ caiva dvijāyaivopapadyate || 32 ||
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gurudaivatapūjārthaṃ svādhyāyābhyasanātmakaḥ |
dehibhirdharmaparamaiścartavyo dharmasaṃbhavaḥ || 33 ||
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umovāca |
bhagavansaṃśayo me'tra taṃ me vyākhyātumarhasi |
cāturvarṇyasya dharmaṃ hi naipuṇyena prakīrtaya || 34 ||
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maheśvara uvāca |
rahasyaśravaṇaṃ dharmo vedavrataniṣevaṇam |
vratacaryāparo dharmo gurupādaprasādanam || 35 ||
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bhaikṣacaryāparo dharmo dharmo nityopavāsitā |
nityasvādhyāyitā dharmo brahmacaryāśramastathā || 36 ||
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guruṇā tvabhyanujñātaḥ samāvarteta vai dvijaḥ |
vindetānantaraṃ bhāryāmanurūpāṃ yathāvidhi || 37 ||
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śūdrānnavarjanaṃ dharmastathā satpathasevanam |
dharmo nityopavāsitvaṃ brahmacaryaṃ tathaiva ca || 38 ||
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āhitāgniradhīyāno juhvānaḥ saṃyatendriyaḥ |
vighasāśī yatāhāro gṛhasthaḥ satyavākśuciḥ || 39 ||
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atithivratatā dharmo dharmastretāgnidhāraṇam |
iṣṭīśca paśubandhāṃśca vidhipūrvaṃ samācaret || 40 ||
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yajñaśca paramo dharmastathāhiṃsā ca dehiṣu |
apūrvabhojanaṃ dharmo vighasāśitvameva ca || 41 ||
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bhukte parijane paścādbhojanaṃ dharma ucyate |
brāhmaṇasya gṛhasthasya śrotriyasya viśeṣataḥ || 42 ||
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daṃpatyoḥ samaśīlatvaṃ dharmaśca gṛhamedhinām |
gṛhyāṇāṃ caiva devānāṃ nityaṃ puṣpabalikriyā || 43 ||
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nityopalepanaṃ dharmastathā nityopavāsitā |
susaṃmṛṣṭopalipte ca sājyadhūmodgame gṛhe || 44 ||
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eṣa dvijajane dharmo gārhasthyo lokadhāraṇaḥ |
dvijātīnāṃ satāṃ nityaṃ sadaivaiṣa pravartate || 45 ||
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yastu kṣatragato devi tvayā dharma udīritaḥ |
tamahaṃ te pravakṣyāmi taṃ me śṛṇu samāhitā || 46 ||
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kṣatriyasya smṛto dharmaḥ prajāpālanamāditaḥ |
nirdiṣṭaphalabhoktā hi rājā dharmeṇa yujyate || 47 ||
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prajāḥ pālayate yo hi dharmeṇa manujādhipaḥ |
tasya dharmārjitā lokāḥ prajāpālanasaṃcitāḥ || 48 ||
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tatra rājñaḥ paro dharmo damaḥ svādhyāya eva ca |
agnihotraparispando dānādhyayanameva ca || 49 ||
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yajñopavītadhāraṇaṃ yajño dharmakriyāstathā |
bhṛtyānāṃ bharaṇaṃ dharmaḥ kṛte karmaṇyamoghatā || 50 ||
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samyagdaṇḍe sthitirdharmo dharmo vedakratukriyāḥ |
vyavahārasthitirdharmaḥ satyavākyaratistathā || 51 ||
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ārtahastaprado rājā pretya ceha mahīyate |
gobrāhmaṇārthe vikrāntaḥ saṃgrāme nidhanaṃ gataḥ |
aśvamedhajitāṃllokānprāpnoti tridivālaye || 52 ||
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vaiśyasya satataṃ dharmaḥ pāśupālyaṃ kṛṣistathā |
agnihotraparispando dānādhyayanameva ca || 53 ||
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vāṇijyaṃ satpathasthānamātithyaṃ praśamo damaḥ |
viprāṇāṃ svāgataṃ tyāgo vaiśyadharmaḥ sanātanaḥ || 54 ||
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tilāngandhānrasāṃścaiva na vikrīṇīta vai kvacit |
vaṇikpathamupāsīno vaiśyaḥ satpathamāśritaḥ || 55 ||
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sarvātithyaṃ trivargasya yathāśakti yathārhataḥ |
śūdradharmaḥ paro nityaṃ śuśrūṣā ca dvijātiṣu || 56 ||
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sa śūdraḥ saṃśitatapāḥ satyasaṃdho jitendriyaḥ |
śuśrūṣannatithiṃ prāptaṃ tapaḥ saṃcinute mahat || 57 ||
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tyaktahiṃsaḥ śubhācāro devatādvijapūjakaḥ |
śūdro dharmaphalairiṣṭaiḥ saṃprayujyeta buddhimān || 58 ||
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etatte sarvamākhyātaṃ cāturvarṇyasya śobhane |
ekaikasyeha subhage kimanyacchrotumicchasi || 59 ||
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Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Chapter 128

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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