Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

bhīṣma uvāca |
vṛtrasya tu mahārāja jvarāviṣṭasya sarvaśaḥ |
abhavanyāni liṅgāni śarīre tāni me śṛṇu || 1 ||
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jvalitāsyo'bhavadghoro vaivarṇyaṃ cāgamatparam |
gātrakampaśca sumahāñśvāsaścāpyabhavanmahān |
romaharṣaśca tīvro'bhūnniḥśvāsaśca mahānnṛpa || 2 ||
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śivā cāśivasaṃkāśā tasya vaktrātsudāruṇā |
niṣpapāta mahāghorā smṛtiḥ sā tasya bhārata |
ulkāśca jvalitāstasya dīptāḥ pārśve prapedire || 3 ||
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gṛdhrakaṅkavaḍāścaiva vāco'muñcansudāruṇāḥ |
vṛtrasyopari saṃhṛṣṭāścakravatparibabhramuḥ || 4 ||
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tatastaṃ rathamāsthāya devāpyāyitamāhave |
vajrodyatakaraḥ śakrastaṃ daityaṃ pratyavaikṣata || 5 ||
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amānuṣamatho nādaṃ sa mumoca mahāsuraḥ |
vyajṛmbhata ca rājendra tīvrajvarasamanvitaḥ |
athāsya jṛmbhataḥ śakrastato vajramavāsṛjat || 6 ||
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sa vajraḥ sumahātejāḥ kālāgnisadṛśopamaḥ |
kṣiprameva mahākāyaṃ vṛtraṃ daityamapātayat || 7 ||
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tato nādaḥ samabhavatpunareva samantataḥ |
vṛtraṃ vinihataṃ dṛṣṭvā devānāṃ bharatarṣabha || 8 ||
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vṛtraṃ tu hatvā bhagavāndānavārirmahāyaśāḥ |
vajreṇa viṣṇuyuktena divameva samāviśat || 9 ||
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atha vṛtrasya kauravya śarīrādabhiniḥsṛtā |
brahmahatyā mahāghorā raudrā lokabhayāvahā || 10 ||
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karāladaśanā bhīmā vikṛtā kṛṣṇapiṅgalā |
prakīrṇamūrdhajā caiva ghoranetrā ca bhārata || 11 ||
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kapālamālinī caiva kṛśā ca bharatarṣabha |
rudhirārdrā ca dharmajña cīravastranivāsinī || 12 ||
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sābhiniṣkramya rājendra tādṛgrūpā bhayāvahā |
vajriṇaṃ mṛgayāmāsa tadā bharatasattama || 13 ||
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kasyacittvatha kālasya vṛtrahā kurunandana |
svargāyābhimukhaḥ prāyāllokānāṃ hitakāmyayā || 14 ||
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bisānniḥsaramāṇaṃ tu dṛṣṭvā śakraṃ mahaujasam |
kaṇṭhe jagrāha devendraṃ sulagnā cābhavattadā || 15 ||
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sa hi tasminsamutpanne brahmahatyākṛte bhaye |
nalinyāṃ bisamadhyastho babhūvābdagaṇānbahūn || 16 ||
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anusṛtya tu yatnātsa tayā vai brahmahatyayā |
tadā gṛhītaḥ kauravya niśceṣṭaḥ samapadyata || 17 ||
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tasyā vyapohane śakraḥ paraṃ yatnaṃ cakāra ha |
na cāśakattāṃ devendro brahmahatyāṃ vyapohitum || 18 ||
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gṛhīta eva tu tayā devendro bharatarṣabha |
pitāmahamupāgamya śirasā pratyapūjayat || 19 ||
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jñātvā gṛhītaṃ śakraṃ tu dvijapravarahatyayā |
brahmā saṃcintayāmāsa tadā bharatasattama || 20 ||
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tāmuvāca mahābāho brahmahatyāṃ pitāmahaḥ |
svareṇa madhureṇātha sāntvayanniva bhārata || 21 ||
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mucyatāṃ tridaśendro'yaṃ matpriyaṃ kuru bhāmini |
brūhi kiṃ te karomyadya kāmaṃ kaṃ tvamihecchasi || 22 ||
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brahmahatyovāca |
trilokapūjite deve prīte trailokyakartari |
kṛtameveha manye'haṃ nivāsaṃ tu vidhatsva me || 23 ||
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tvayā kṛteyaṃ maryādā lokasaṃrakṣaṇārthinā |
sthāpanā vai sumahatī tvayā deva pravartitā || 24 ||
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prīte tu tvayi dharmajña sarvalokeśvare prabho |
śakrādapagamiṣyāmi nivāsaṃ tu vidhatsva me || 25 ||
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bhīṣma uvāca |
tatheti tāṃ prāha tadā brahmahatyāṃ pitāmahaḥ |
upāyataḥ sa śakrasya brahmahatyāṃ vyapohata || 26 ||
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tataḥ svayaṃbhuvā dhyātastatra vahnirmahātmanā |
brahmāṇamupasaṃgamya tato vacanamabravīt || 27 ||
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prāpto'smi bhagavandeva tvatsakāśamariṃdama |
yatkartavyaṃ mayā deva tadbhavānvaktumarhati || 28 ||
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brahmovāca |
bahudhā vibhajiṣyāmi brahmahatyāmimāmaham |
śakrasyādya vimokṣārthaṃ caturbhāgaṃ pratīccha me || 29 ||
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agniruvāca |
mama mokṣasya ko'nto vai brahmandhyāyasva vai prabho |
etadicchāmi vijñātuṃ tattvato lokapūjita || 30 ||
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brahmovāca |
yastvāṃ jvalantamāsādya svayaṃ vai mānavaḥ kvacit |
bījauṣadhirasairvahne na yakṣyati tamovṛtaḥ || 31 ||
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tameṣā yāsyati kṣipraṃ tatraiva ca nivatsyati |
brahmahatyā havyavāha vyetu te mānaso jvaraḥ || 32 ||
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bhīṣma uvāca |
ityuktaḥ pratijagrāha tadvaco havyakavyabhuk |
pitāmahasya bhagavāṃstathā ca tadabhūtprabho || 33 ||
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tato vṛkṣauṣadhitṛṇaṃ samāhūya pitāmahaḥ |
imamarthaṃ mahārāja vaktuṃ samupacakrame || 34 ||
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tato vṛkṣauṣadhitṛṇaṃ tathaivoktaṃ yathātatham |
vyathitaṃ vahnivadrājanbrahmāṇamidamabravīt || 35 ||
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asmākaṃ brahmahatyāto ko'nto lokapitāmaha |
svabhāvanihatānasmānna punarhantumarhasi || 36 ||
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vayamagniṃ tathā śītaṃ varṣaṃ ca pavaneritam |
sahāmaḥ satataṃ deva tathā chedanabhedanam || 37 ||
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brahmahatyāmimāmadya bhavataḥ śāsanādvayam |
grahīṣyāmastrilokeśa mokṣaṃ cintayatāṃ bhavān || 38 ||
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brahmovāca |
parvakāle tu saṃprāpte yo vai chedanabhedanam |
kariṣyati naro mohāttameṣānugamiṣyati || 39 ||
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bhīṣma uvāca |
tato vṛkṣauṣadhitṛṇamevamuktaṃ mahātmanā |
brahmāṇamabhisaṃpūjya jagāmāśu yathāgatam || 40 ||
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āhūyāpsaraso devastato lokapitāmahaḥ |
vācā madhurayā prāha sāntvayanniva bhārata || 41 ||
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iyamindrādanuprāptā brahmahatyā varāṅganāḥ |
caturthamasyā bhāgaṃ hi mayoktāḥ saṃpratīcchata || 42 ||
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apsarasa ūcuḥ |
grahaṇe kṛtabuddhīnāṃ deveśa tava śāsanāt |
mokṣaṃ samayato'smākaṃ cintayasva pitāmaha || 43 ||
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brahmovāca |
rajasvalāsu nārīṣu yo vai maithunamācaret |
tameṣā yāsyati kṣipraṃ vyetu vo mānaso jvaraḥ || 44 ||
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bhīṣma uvāca |
tatheti hṛṣṭamanasa uktvāthāpsarasāṃ gaṇāḥ |
svāni sthānāni saṃprāpya remire bharatarṣabha || 45 ||
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tatastrilokakṛddevaḥ punareva mahātapāḥ |
apaḥ saṃcintayāmāsa dhyātāstāścāpyathāgaman || 46 ||
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tāstu sarvāḥ samāgamya brahmāṇamamitaujasam |
idamūcurvaco rājanpraṇipatya pitāmaham || 47 ||
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imāḥ sma deva saṃprāptāstvatsakāśamariṃdama |
śāsanāttava deveśa samājñāpaya no vibho || 48 ||
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brahmovāca |
iyaṃ vṛtrādanuprāptā puruhūtaṃ mahābhayā |
brahmahatyā caturthāṃśamasyā yūyaṃ pratīcchata || 49 ||
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āpa ūcuḥ |
evaṃ bhavatu lokeśa yathā vadasi naḥ prabho |
mokṣaṃ samayato'smākaṃ saṃcintayitumarhasi || 50 ||
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tvaṃ hi deveśa sarvasya jagataḥ paramo guruḥ |
ko'nyaḥ prasādo hi bhavedyaḥ kṛcchrānnaḥ samuddharet || 51 ||
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brahmovāca |
alpā iti matiṃ kṛtvā yo naro buddhimohitaḥ |
śleṣmamūtrapurīṣāṇi yuṣmāsu pratimokṣyati || 52 ||
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tameṣā yāsyati kṣipraṃ tatraiva ca nivatsyati |
tathā vo bhavitā mokṣa iti satyaṃ bravīmi vaḥ || 53 ||
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bhīṣma uvāca |
tato vimucya devendraṃ brahmahatyā yudhiṣṭhira |
yathānisṛṣṭaṃ taṃ deśamagacchaddevaśāsanāt || 54 ||
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evaṃ śakreṇa saṃprāptā brahmahatyā janādhipa |
pitāmahamanujñāpya so'śvamedhamakalpayat || 55 ||
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śrūyate hi mahārāja saṃprāptā vāsavena vai |
brahmahatyā tataḥ śuddhiṃ hayamedhena labdhavān || 56 ||
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samavāpya śriyaṃ devo hatvārīṃśca sahasraśaḥ |
praharṣamatulaṃ lebhe vāsavaḥ pṛthivīpate || 57 ||
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vṛtrasya rudhirāccaiva khukhuṇḍāḥ pārtha jajñire |
dvijātibhirabhakṣyāste dīkṣitaiśca tapodhanaiḥ || 58 ||
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sarvāvasthaṃ tvamapyeṣāṃ dvijātīnāṃ priyaṃ kuru |
ime hi bhūtale devāḥ prathitāḥ kurunandana || 59 ||
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evaṃ śakreṇa kauravya buddhisaukṣmyānmahāsuraḥ |
upāyapūrvaṃ nihato vṛtro'thāmitatejasā || 60 ||
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evaṃ tvamapi kauravya pṛthivyāmaparājitaḥ |
bhaviṣyasi yathā devaḥ śatakraturamitrahā || 61 ||
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ye tu śakrakathāṃ divyāmimāṃ parvasu parvasu |
vipramadhye paṭhiṣyanti na te prāpsyanti kilbiṣam || 62 ||
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ityetadvṛtramāśritya śakrasyātyadbhutaṃ mahat |
kathitaṃ karma te tāta kiṃ bhūyaḥ śrotumicchasi || 63 ||
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Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Chapter 273

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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