Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.83.66

एकच्छत्रां महीं कृत्वा कौसल्याय यशस्विने ।
मुनिः कालकवृक्षीय ईजे क्रतुभिरुत्तमैः ॥ ६६ ॥

ekacchatrāṃ mahīṃ kṛtvā kausalyāya yaśasvine |
muniḥ kālakavṛkṣīya īje kratubhiruttamaiḥ || 66 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...him to battle. If the enemy fights aided by deceit, he should be met with the aid of deceit. If, on the other hand, he fights fairly, he should be resisted with fair means. One should not on horseback proceed...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.83.66). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Ccha, Tra, Mahi, Kritva, Kritvan, Kausalya, Yashasvin, Yashasvi, Muni, Kalakavrikshiya, Kratu, Uttama,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.83.66). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “ekacchatrāṃ mahīṃ kṛtvā kausalyāya yaśasvine
  • eka -
  • eka (noun, neuter)
  • ccha -
  • ccha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ccha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • trām -
  • trā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • mahīm -
  • mahī (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • kṛtvā -
  • kṛtvā (indeclinable)
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛtvan (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • kausalyāya -
  • kausalya (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    kausalya (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
  • yaśasvine -
  • yaśasvin (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    yaśasvin (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
    yaśasvī (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
  • Line 2: “muniḥ kālakavṛkṣīya īje kratubhiruttamaiḥ
  • muniḥ -
  • muni (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • kālakavṛkṣīya* -
  • kālakavṛkṣīya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • īje -
  • īj (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single], [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
    yaj (verb class 1)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
  • kratubhir -
  • kratu (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • uttamaiḥ -
  • uttama (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    uttama (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.83.66

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.83.66 in Kannada sript:
ಏಕಚ್ಛತ್ರಾಂ ಮಹೀಂ ಕೃತ್ವಾ ಕೌಸಲ್ಯಾಯ ಯಶಸ್ವಿನೇ ।
ಮುನಿಃ ಕಾಲಕವೃಕ್ಷೀಯ ಈಜೇ ಕ್ರತುಭಿರುತ್ತಮೈಃ ॥ ೬೬ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.83.66 in Bengali sript:
একচ্ছত্রাং মহীং কৃত্বা কৌসল্যায যশস্বিনে ।
মুনিঃ কালকবৃক্ষীয ঈজে ক্রতুভিরুত্তমৈঃ ॥ ৬৬ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.83.66 in Gujarati sript:
એકચ્છત્રાં મહીં કૃત્વા કૌસલ્યાય યશસ્વિને ।
મુનિઃ કાલકવૃક્ષીય ઈજે ક્રતુભિરુત્તમૈઃ ॥ ૬૬ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.83.66 in Malayalam sript:
ഏകച്ഛത്രാം മഹീം കൃത്വാ കൌസല്യായ യശസ്വിനേ ।
മുനിഃ കാലകവൃക്ഷീയ ഈജേ ക്രതുഭിരുത്തമൈഃ ॥ ൬൬ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 12.83.66 in Telugu sript:
ఏకచ్ఛత్రాం మహీం కృత్వా కౌసల్యాయ యశస్వినే ।
మునిః కాలకవృక్షీయ ఈజే క్రతుభిరుత్తమైః ॥ ౬౬ ॥

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