Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.74.3

उभौ प्रजा वर्धयतो देवान्पूर्वान्परान्पितॄन् ।
यौ समेयास्थितौ धर्मे श्रद्धेयौ सुतपस्विनौ ॥ ३ ॥

ubhau prajā vardhayato devānpūrvānparānpitṝn |
yau sameyāsthitau dharme śraddheyau sutapasvinau || 3 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...by the king. One who is allied with foes and who does not regard the interests of the king’s subjects, should be known as an enemy. The king should never consult with him. One who is possessed of no learning...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.74.3). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Ubha, Praja, Prajas, Vardhayat, Deva, Purva, Para, Pitri, Yah, Asthita, Asthiti, Dharma, Shraddheya, Sutapasvin,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.74.3). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “ubhau prajā vardhayato devānpūrvānparānpitṝn
  • ubhau -
  • ubha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • prajā* -
  • praja (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    prajā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    prajas (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • vardhayato* -
  • vardh -> vardhayat (participle, masculine)
    [accusative plural from √vardh class 10 verb], [ablative single from √vardh class 10 verb], [genitive single from √vardh class 10 verb]
    vardh -> vardhayat (participle, neuter)
    [ablative single from √vardh class 10 verb], [genitive single from √vardh class 10 verb]
    vṛdh -> vardhayat (participle, masculine)
    [accusative plural from √vṛdh], [ablative single from √vṛdh], [genitive single from √vṛdh]
    vṛdh -> vardhayat (participle, neuter)
    [ablative single from √vṛdh], [genitive single from √vṛdh]
    vardh (verb class 10)
    [present active third dual]
    vṛdh (verb class 0)
    [present active third dual]
  • devān -
  • deva (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • pūrvān -
  • pūrva (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • parān -
  • para (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • pitṝn -
  • pitṛ (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • Line 2: “yau sameyāsthitau dharme śraddheyau sutapasvinau
  • yau -
  • yu (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    yu (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
  • sameyā -
  • sam (verb class 1)
    [optative middle first single]
  • asthitau -
  • asthita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    asthiti (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
  • dharme -
  • dharma (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    dharmā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • śraddheyau -
  • śraddheya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • sutapasvinau -
  • sutapasvin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.74.3

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.74.3 in Kannada sript:
ಉಭೌ ಪ್ರಜಾ ವರ್ಧಯತೋ ದೇವಾನ್ಪೂರ್ವಾನ್ಪರಾನ್ಪಿತೄನ್ ।
ಯೌ ಸಮೇಯಾಸ್ಥಿತೌ ಧರ್ಮೇ ಶ್ರದ್ಧೇಯೌ ಸುತಪಸ್ವಿನೌ ॥ ೩ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.74.3 in Bengali sript:
উভৌ প্রজা বর্ধযতো দেবান্পূর্বান্পরান্পিতৄন্ ।
যৌ সমেযাস্থিতৌ ধর্মে শ্রদ্ধেযৌ সুতপস্বিনৌ ॥ ৩ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.74.3 in Gujarati sript:
ઉભૌ પ્રજા વર્ધયતો દેવાન્પૂર્વાન્પરાન્પિતૄન્ ।
યૌ સમેયાસ્થિતૌ ધર્મે શ્રદ્ધેયૌ સુતપસ્વિનૌ ॥ ૩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.74.3 in Malayalam sript:
ഉഭൌ പ്രജാ വര്ധയതോ ദേവാന്പൂര്വാന്പരാന്പിതൄന് ।
യൌ സമേയാസ്ഥിതൌ ധര്മേ ശ്രദ്ധേയൌ സുതപസ്വിനൌ ॥ ൩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 12.74.3 in Telugu sript:
ఉభౌ ప్రజా వర్ధయతో దేవాన్పూర్వాన్పరాన్పితౄన్ ।
యౌ సమేయాస్థితౌ ధర్మే శ్రద్ధేయౌ సుతపస్వినౌ ॥ ౩ ॥

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