Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 8.37.3

संशप्तकास्तु समरे शरवृष्टिं समन्ततः ।
अपातयन्पार्थमूर्ध्नि जयगृद्धाः प्रमन्यवः ॥ ३ ॥

saṃśaptakāstu samare śaravṛṣṭiṃ samantataḥ |
apātayanpārthamūrdhni jayagṛddhāḥ pramanyavaḥ || 3 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...fearlessly encountered each other in battle, the Parthas being headed by Yudhishthira, and ourselves headed by the Suta’s son. Then commenced a terrible battle, making the hair to stand on end, between Karna and...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (8.37.3). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Samshaptaka, Samara, Sharavrishti, Samantatah, Samantatas, Partha, Murdhan, Jaya, Griddha, Pramanyu,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 8.37.3). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “saṃśaptakāstu samare śaravṛṣṭiṃ samantataḥ
  • saṃśaptakās -
  • saṃśaptaka (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • samare -
  • samara (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • śaravṛṣṭim -
  • śaravṛṣṭi (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    śaravṛṣṭi (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • samantataḥ -
  • samantataḥ (indeclinable)
    samantatas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “apātayanpārthamūrdhni jayagṛddhāḥ pramanyavaḥ
  • apātayan -
  • pat (verb class 0)
    [imperfect active third plural]
  • pārtha -
  • pārtha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pārtha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • mūrdhni -
  • mūrdhan (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • jaya -
  • jaya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    jaya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ji (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • gṛddhāḥ -
  • gṛddha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    gṛddhā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • pramanyavaḥ -
  • pramanyu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    pramanyu (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 8.37.3

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 8.37.3 in Kannada sript:
ಸಂಶಪ್ತಕಾಸ್ತು ಸಮರೇ ಶರವೃಷ್ಟಿಂ ಸಮನ್ತತಃ ।
ಅಪಾತಯನ್ಪಾರ್ಥಮೂರ್ಧ್ನಿ ಜಯಗೃದ್ಧಾಃ ಪ್ರಮನ್ಯವಃ ॥ ೩ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 8.37.3 in Bengali sript:
সংশপ্তকাস্তু সমরে শরবৃষ্টিং সমন্ততঃ ।
অপাতযন্পার্থমূর্ধ্নি জযগৃদ্ধাঃ প্রমন্যবঃ ॥ ৩ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 8.37.3 in Gujarati sript:
સંશપ્તકાસ્તુ સમરે શરવૃષ્ટિં સમન્તતઃ ।
અપાતયન્પાર્થમૂર્ધ્નિ જયગૃદ્ધાઃ પ્રમન્યવઃ ॥ ૩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 8.37.3 in Malayalam sript:
സംശപ്തകാസ്തു സമരേ ശരവൃഷ്ടിം സമന്തതഃ ।
അപാതയന്പാര്ഥമൂര്ധ്നി ജയഗൃദ്ധാഃ പ്രമന്യവഃ ॥ ൩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


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Preview of verse 8.37.3 in Telugu sript:
సంశప్తకాస్తు సమరే శరవృష్టిం సమన్తతః ।
అపాతయన్పార్థమూర్ధ్ని జయగృద్ధాః ప్రమన్యవః ॥ ౩ ॥

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