Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 7.173.30

कपर्दिनं वृषावर्तं वृषनाभं वृषध्वजम् ।
वृषदर्पं वृषपतिं वृषशृङ्गं वृषर्षभम् ॥ ३० ॥

kapardinaṃ vṛṣāvartaṃ vṛṣanābhaṃ vṛṣadhvajam |
vṛṣadarpaṃ vṛṣapatiṃ vṛṣaśṛṅgaṃ vṛṣarṣabham || 30 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...Ordainer of the three worlds, he is the sole refuge of the three worlds. Incapable of being vanquished, he is the protector of the universe, and abode (the necessity of) birth, decay...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (7.173.30). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Kapardin, Vrisha, Vrishi, Ritam, Rita, Vrishan, Abha, Vrishadhvaja, Vrishadarpa, Vrishapati, Shringa, Rishabha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 7.173.30). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line1: “kapardinaṃ vṛṣāvartaṃ vṛṣanābhaṃ vṛṣadhvajam
  • kapardinam -
  • kapardin (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • vṛṣāva -
  • vṛṣa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    vṛṣi (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • ar -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ṛtam -
  • ṛtam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    ṛta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ṛta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    ṛtā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • vṛṣan -
  • vṛṣan (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    vṛṣan (noun, neuter)
    [vocative single]
  • ābham -
  • ābhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    ābha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ābha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • vṛṣadhvajam -
  • vṛṣadhvaja (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vṛṣadhvajā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Line2: “vṛṣadarpaṃ vṛṣapatiṃ vṛṣaśṛṅgaṃ vṛṣarṣabham
  • vṛṣadarpam -
  • vṛṣadarpa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vṛṣadarpa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • vṛṣapatim -
  • vṛṣapati (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • vṛṣa -
  • vṛṣa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vṛṣa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vṛṣan (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    vṛṣan (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • śṛṅgam -
  • śṛṅga (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    śṛṅga (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • vṛṣar -
  • vṛṣa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vṛṣa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vṛṣan (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    vṛṣan (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    vṛṣā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ṛṣabham -
  • ṛṣabha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ṛṣabhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 7.173.30

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 7.173.30 in Kannada sript:
ಕಪರ್ದಿನಂ ವೃಷಾವರ್ತಂ ವೃಷನಾಭಂ ವೃಷಧ್ವಜಮ್ ।
ವೃಷದರ್ಪಂ ವೃಷಪತಿಂ ವೃಷಶೃಙ್ಗಂ ವೃಷರ್ಷಭಮ್ ॥ ೩೦ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 7.173.30 in Bengali sript:
কপর্দিনং বৃষাবর্তং বৃষনাভং বৃষধ্বজম্ ।
বৃষদর্পং বৃষপতিং বৃষশৃঙ্গং বৃষর্ষভম্ ॥ ৩০ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 7.173.30 in Gujarati sript:
કપર્દિનં વૃષાવર્તં વૃષનાભં વૃષધ્વજમ્ ।
વૃષદર્પં વૃષપતિં વૃષશૃઙ્ગં વૃષર્ષભમ્ ॥ ૩૦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 7.173.30 in Malayalam sript:
കപര്ദിനം വൃഷാവര്തം വൃഷനാഭം വൃഷധ്വജമ് ।
വൃഷദര്പം വൃഷപതിം വൃഷശൃങ്ഗം വൃഷര്ഷഭമ് ॥ ൩൦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 7.173.30 in Telugu sript:
కపర్దినం వృషావర్తం వృషనాభం వృషధ్వజమ్ ।
వృషదర్పం వృషపతిం వృషశృఙ్గం వృషర్షభమ్ ॥ ౩౦ ॥

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