Vyavaharapada, aka: Vyavahārapada, Vyavahara-pada, Vyavahārapāda; 5 Definition(s)
Vyavaharapada means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Dharmashastra (religious law)
Vyavahārapada (व्यवहारपद) refers to the eighteen “law titles”, defined in the various Dharma-śāstras. It is also known by the name Vivādapada.
The Manusmṛti 8.4-7 defines the following eighteen vyavahārapadas:
- ṛṇādāna (nonpayment of debt),
- nikṣepa (deposits),
- asvāmivikraya (sale without ownership),
- saṃbhūyasamutthāna (partnerships),
- dattasyānapakarma (nondelivery of gifts),
- vetanādāna (nonpayment of wages),
- saṃvidvyatikrama (breach of contract),
- krayavikrayānuśaya (cancellation of sale purchase),
- svāmipālavivāda (disputes between owners and herdsmen),
- sīmāvivāda (boundary disputes),
- vākpāruṣya (verbal assaults),
- daṇḍapāruṣya (physical assault),
- steya (theft),
- sāhasa (violence),
- strīsaṃgrahaṇa (sexual crimes against women),
- strīpuṃdharma (concerning husband and wife),
- vibhāga (partition),
- dyūtasamāhvaya (gambling and betting).
Vyavahārapada (व्यवहारपद).—In the texts of classical Hindu law known as Dharmaśāstra, legal procedure is divided into 18 titles of law (vyavahārapadas) that constitute the theoretically adjudicable categories of crime for which a person may be tried. Perhaps the most important of these is the first, the Non-payment of Debts (ṛṇādāna), under which falls a great variety of proprietary, financial, and fiduciary crimes.Source: JSTOR: The Non-Observance of Conventions: A Title of Hindu Law in the Smṛticandrikā
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
Languages of India and abroad
vyavahārapada (व्यवहारपद).—n S An actionable business: also an action, suit, or case at law.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Vyavahārapada (व्यवहारपद).—= व्यवहारविषय (vyavahāraviṣaya) q. v.
Derivable forms: vyavahārapadam (व्यवहारपदम्).
Vyavahārapada is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms vyavahāra and pada (पद).
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1) any one of the four stages of a legal proceeding; these are four:-(1) पूर्वपक्ष (pūrvapakṣa), the plaint; (2) उत्तरपक्ष (uttarapakṣa), the defence; (3) क्रियापाद (kriyāpāda), adducing evidence, oral or written; (4) निर्णयपाद (nirṇayapāda), the decision or verdict.
2) the fourth stage; i. e. निर्णयपाद (nirṇayapāda), that part which concerns the verdict or decision.
Derivable forms: vyavahārapādaḥ (व्यवहारपादः).
Vyavahārapāda is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms vyavahāra and pāda (पाद).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
(-daṃ) A title of jurisprudence, any act cognizable in a court of law: see vyavahāraviṣaya. E. vyavahāra and pada object.
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(-daḥ) A division of legal proceeding, one of the four parts which are necessary to conduct a regular suit, or the plaint, the defence, the proof and the decision. E. vyavahāra a law suit, pāda a quarter.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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