Vraja, Vrāja: 17 definitions


Vraja means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Vraja (व्रज).—A king born in the family of Manu Svāyambhuva. He was the son of Havirdhāna. Six sons named Prācīnabarhis, Śukra, Gaya, Kṛṣṇa, Vraja and Ajina, were born to Havirdhāna by his wife Dhiṣaṇā. (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 16).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Vraja (व्रज).—A son of Havirdhāna.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 63. 23.

1b) (Gokulam) the residence of cowherds.1 Here lived Rohiṇī, Nanda and others. Keśin was killed in this place. Visit of Akrūra to. Nanda's return to Vraja after Kaṃsa's death. Visited by Uddhava at Kṛṣṇa's request. Visited by Balarāma.2 Deserted by the cowherds after their supposed ill omens, the boy sports of Kṛṣṇa.3

  • 1) Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 5. 11.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 66; X. 1. 9; 2. 7; 5. 6 and 18; 37. 1 [1]; 38. 1 and 24, 28; 45. 25; 46. 3 and 7; 47. 9 and 55; 65. 1.
  • 3) Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 6. 27; 7. 8.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Vraja (व्रज) refers to:—The one hundred and sixty-eight square mile tract of land where Śrī Kṛṣṇa enacted His earthly pastimes. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).

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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Vraja (व्रज) denotes in the first instance, in the Rigveda, the place to which the cattle resort (from vraj, ‘go’), the ‘feeding ground’ to which the milk-giving animals go out in the morning from the village (Grāma), while the others stay in it all day and night.

Secondarily it denotes the ‘herd’ itself. This is Geldner’s view, which seems clearly better than that of Roth who regards Vraja as primarily the ‘enclosure’ (from vṛj), and only thence the ‘herd’; for the Vraja does not normally mean an ‘enclosure’ at all: the Vedic cattle were not stall-fed as a general rule. In some passages, however, ‘pen’, in others ‘stall’, is certainly meant. The word is often used in the myth of the robbing of the kine. It occasionally denotes a ‘cistern.’

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: HereNow4u: Lord Śrī Mahāvīra

Vraja (व्रज) or Vrajagrāma is the name of a village visited by Mahāvīra during his eleventh year of spiritual-exertion.—At Vraja village there being a festival, rice pudding was prepared in all homes, and wherever the Lord went for alms, Saṅgama made the food unworthy. Realising it to be a calamity created by Saṅgama, the Lord left and remained meditating outside the village. Moving from Vraja village to Ālambhiyā, Śvetāmbikā, Sāvatthī, Kauśāmbī, Rājagṛha, Vārāṇasī, Mithilā, etc, the Lord arrived at Vaiśālī.

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Vraja.—see Vraja-bhūmika. Cf. Ghoshal, H. Rev. Syst., p. 110. Note: vraja is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vraja (व्रज).—m S A village or station of cowherds. 2 A multitude; an assembly or an assemblage.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vraja (व्रज).—m A village of cowherds. An assembly.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vraja (व्रज).—[vraj-ghañarthe ka]

1) A multitude, collection, flock, group; सगोव्रजोऽत्यात्मपदुर्गमार्गः (sagovrajo'tyātmapadurgamārgaḥ) Bhāgavata 1.13.3; नेत्रव्रजाः पौरजनस्य तस्मिन् विहाय सर्वान्नृपतीन्निपेतुः (netravrajāḥ paurajanasya tasmin vihāya sarvānnṛpatīnnipetuḥ) R.6.7;7.6; Śi. 6.6;14.33.

2) A station of cowherds; Bhāg 12.9.28.

3) A cow-pen, cow-shed; 'व्रजः स्याद्गोकुलं गोष्ठम् (vrajaḥ syādgokulaṃ goṣṭham)' इति वैजयन्ती (iti vaijayantī); निरुद्धवीवधासारप्रसारा गा इव व्रजम् (niruddhavīvadhāsāraprasārā gā iva vrajam) Śiśupālavadha 2.64; Kirātārjunīya 4.16.

4) An abode, a resting-place.

5) A road.

6) A cloud.

7) Name of a district near Mathurā.

-jam Wandering, going.

Derivable forms: vrajaḥ (व्रजः).

--- OR ---

Vrāja (व्राज).—

1) Going, motion.

2) A multitude (Ved.).

3) A domestic cock.

Derivable forms: vrājaḥ (व्राजः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vraja (व्रज).—m.

(-jaḥ) 1. A cow-pen, a station of cowherds. 2. A road. 3. A flock, a herd, a multitude. 4. The district about Agra and Mat'hura, the scene of Krishna'S juvenile adventures. 5. An abode. n.

(-jaṃ) Wandering, roaming. E. vraj to go, aff. ghañarye-ka .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vraja (व्रज).—[vraj + a], m. 1. A road. 2. A flock, a herd, Chr. 292, 3 = [Rigveda.] i. 86, 3; a multitude, Mahābhārata 6, 5441. 3. A cow-pen, Chr. 294, 4 = [Rigveda.] i. 92, 4. 4. The name of a district about Agra and Mathurā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vraja (व्रज).—[masculine] ([neuter]) fold, shed, stable, station of herds; herd, flock, troop, multitude; [Name] of a region.

--- OR ---

Vrāja (व्राज).—[masculine] host, multitude.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vraja (व्रज):—[from vraj] 1. vraja m. (for 2. See p. 1042, col. 1) a way, road, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] n. wandering, roaming, [Horace H. Wilson]

3) Vrāja (व्राज):—[from vraj] 1. vrāja m. (for 2. See below) going, movement, motion, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

4) Vraja (व्रज):—2. vraja m. (n. only, [Ṛg-veda v, 6, 7]; ifc. f(ā). ; [from] √vṛj) a fold, stall, cow-pen, cattle-shed, enclosure or station of herdsmen, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

5) m. Name of the district around Agra and Mathurā (the abode of Nanda, of Kṛṣṇa’s foster-father, and scene of Kṛṣṇa’s juvenile adventures; commonly called Braj; cf. vṛji), [Inscriptions]

6) a herd, flock, swarm, troop, host, multitude, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc. (saṃgrāmaḥ savrajaḥ ‘a fight with many’ [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]; vrajo girimayaḥ, [probably] = giri-vraja, q.v., [Harivaṃśa])

7) a cloud (= megha), [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska i, 10]

8) Name of a son of Havir-dhāna, [Harivaṃśa; Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

9) Vrāja (व्राज):—[from vraja] 2. vrāja m. (for 1. See above) = 2. vraja, a troop, host, band (am ind. in troops), [Atharva-veda]

10) [v.s. ...] a domestic cock, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) a 1. 2. vrāja etc. See p. 1042, col. 1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vraja (व्रज):—(jaḥ) 1. m. A cow pen; a road; a flock, herd; district about Agra. n. Wandering.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vraja (व्रज) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Vaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vraja in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vraja (ವ್ರಜ):—

1) [noun] a wandering or travelling.

2) [noun] a way, path, road.

3) [noun] a multitude of people crowded or assembled together; a crowd.

4) [noun] a herd of cows.

5) [noun] a group of monks.

6) [noun] a building where cows, buffalos are sheltered.

7) [noun] the region covering present Āgrā and Mathurā, in Uttar Pradesh, North India, chiefly known as the place where Křṣṇa spent his childhood.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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