Vartman: 13 definitions

Introduction:

Vartman means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Vartman (वर्त्मन्) refers to the “cycle (of birth and death)”, according to the Svacchandatantra 11.182-184.—Accordingly, “It is called Atimārga because it is beyond the mental dispositions. It is taught as ‘atimārga’ because the doctrine is beyond the worlds. And the lokas are designated ‘bound souls’, in the cycle of birth and death (sṛṣṭisaṃhāra-vartman). They who are established in the atimārga, [that is to say] the followers of the observance of the skull and the Pāśupatas, they are to be known as beyond them. There is no rebirth for them and they abide in [the reality of] Īśvara, in [the world of] Dhruva”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)

Vartman (वर्त्मन्) refers to the “path (of Suṣumṇā)”, according to the King Vatsarāja’s Pūjāstuti called the Kāmasiddhistuti (also Vāmakeśvarīstuti), guiding one through the worship of the Goddess Nityā.—Accordingly, “[...] O goddess, I praise you with mind and speech. [...] Dwelling originally in the abode of Śiva, you multiply yourself sixfold and prepare the path of existence where you nurture wonderful and manifold creation with your own six forms. You shed moonlight on the path of Suṣumṇā (sauṣumṇa-vartman) that is charming due to the beautiful appearance of the six lotuses serving as [your] bases”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Vartman in Yoga glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (yoga)

Vartman (वर्त्मन्) refers to the “path (of dharma)”, according to the Amṛtasiddhi, a 12th-century text belonging to the Haṭhayoga textual tradition.—Accordingly, “At the navel is a white lotus. On top of that is the spotless orb of the sun. In the middle of that, at the triple pathway, is she who is the sole essence of saṃsāra [and] the creator of the three worlds, who arises on the path of dharma (dharma-vartman-udayā), who has three bodies [and] who is lauded as Chinnamastā, “she whose head is cut.” I worship her, she who has the form of knowledge, who removes the danger of death, the Yoginī, the seal of Yoga”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vartman (वर्त्मन्) refers to the “highway”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.30 (“The Celebration of Pārvatī’s Return”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “On hearing that Pārvatī was returning, Menā and Himavat excessively delighted went ahead seated in a divine vehicle. [...] The auspicious water-pot was placed in the main highway (rāja-vartman) decorated with sandal paste, aguru, musk and branches of trees with fruits. The priests, Brahmins and sages reciting the Vedas, dancing girls, all went ahead seated on lofty elephants to receive her. All round stumps of plantain trees were fixed. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vartman (वर्त्मन्).—n. [vṛt-manin]

1) A way, road, path, passage, track; वर्त्म भानोस्त्यजाशु (vartma bhānostyajāśu) Meghadūta 41; पारसीकांस्ततो जेतुं प्रतस्थे स्थलवर्त्मना (pārasīkāṃstato jetuṃ pratasthe sthalavartmanā) 'by land'; आकाशवर्त्मना (ākāśavartmanā) 'through the air'.

2) (Fig.) A way, course, an established or prescribed usage, the usual manner or course of conduct; मम वर्त्मानुवर्तन्ते मनुष्याः पार्थ सर्वशः (mama vartmānuvartante manuṣyāḥ pārtha sarvaśaḥ) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 3.23; रेखामात्रमपि क्षुण्णादा मनोर्वर्त्मनः परम् । न व्यतीयुः प्रजास्तस्य नियन्तुर्नेमिवृत्तयः (rekhāmātramapi kṣuṇṇādā manorvartmanaḥ param | na vyatīyuḥ prajāstasya niyanturnemivṛttayaḥ) R.1.17 (where the literal sense is also intended); अहमेत्य पतङ्गवर्त्मना पुनरङ्काश्रयिणी भवामि ते (ahametya pataṅgavartmanā punaraṅkāśrayiṇī bhavāmi te) Kumārasambhava 4.2 'after the manner of a moth'.

4) Room, scope for action; न वर्त्म कस्मैचिदपि प्रदीयताम् (na vartma kasmaicidapi pradīyatām) Kirātārjunīya 14.14.

5) An eye-lid; अस्मिन् सर्पिर्वोदकं वा सिञ्चन्ति वर्त्मनी एव गच्छति (asmin sarpirvodakaṃ vā siñcanti vartmanī eva gacchati) Ch. Up.4.15.1.

6) An edge, a border.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vartman (वर्त्मन्).—n. (-rtma) 1. A road. 2. Custom, usage. 3. Mode, manner, fashion. 4. An edge, a border. 5. An eyelid. E. vṛt to be, manin aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vartman (वर्त्मन्).—i. e. vṛt + man, n. 1. A road, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 13, 20; way, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 197, M.M. (paṅka-, A swamp-way). 2. An eyelid.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vartman (वर्त्मन्).—[neuter] wheel-track, path, course, way; [instrumental] by way of, through (—°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vartman (वर्त्मन्):—[from varta] n. the track or rut of a wheel, path, road, way, course ([literally] and [figuratively]), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. ([instrumental case] or [locative case] ifc. = by way of, along, through, by)

2) [v.s. ...] an edge, border, rim, [Suśruta]

3) [v.s. ...] an eyelid (as encircling the eye), [Atharva-veda; Chāndogya-upaniṣad; Suśruta]

4) [v.s. ...] basis, foundation, [Ṛgveda-prātiśākhya] (cf. dyūta-v).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vartman (वर्त्मन्):—(rtma) 5. n. A road; an eyelid.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vartman (वर्त्मन्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Vaṭṭa, Vaṭṭā, Vicca.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vartman in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vartman in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Vartman in Hindi refers in English to:—(a) present, existing; current; (nm) the present; hence ~[ta] (nf); —[kala] the present tense (in Grammar); —[samaya] the present..—vartman (वर्तमान) is alternatively transliterated as Vartamāna.

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