Vartula: 16 definitions


Vartula means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Vartul.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Vartula (वर्तुल) is a Sanskrit technical term translating to “cube like” and is used throughout Rasaśāstra literature, such as the Rasaprakāśasudhākara.

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Vartula (वर्तुल):—The Sanskrit name for a classification of a ‘temple’, according to the 2nd century Matsyapurāṇa and the Viśvakarmaprakāśa, both featuring a list of 20 temple types. This list represents the classification of temples in South-India.

Vartula is found in another list in the Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra, chapter 63, where it is listed in the group named Nāgara, containing 20 different prāsādas (temples/buildings).

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Vartula (वर्तुल):—A property of material

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Yoga Vasishtha Maharamayana

Vartula (वर्तुल) or Vartulākṛti refers to the “globular form (of the earth)”, as mentioned in the Yogavasistha 7.126 (“Resuscitation and conduct of the Vipaschitas”).—Accordingly, as Vasiṣṭha narrated: “Hear now, Rama, of the Vipaschitas, in all their wanderings amidst the forests of tala and tamala trees, upon the hills and in the islands of different sides. [...] He ascended to the top of the polar mount, which pierced the starry sphere; and as he was seated upon it, he was beheld in the light of a star by the beholders below. Beyond that spot and afar from this highest mountain, lay the deep and dark abyss of infinite void. Here was the end of the globular form of this earth [i.e., vartula-ākṛtitato bhūgolako'yaṃ hi samāpto vartulākṛtiḥ], and beyond it was the vacuity of the sky, of fathomless depth, and full of impervious darkness. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Vartula (वर्तुल) refers to a “round shape”, according to the Ṭīkā (commentary) on the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “Now in order to explain the external purification of the sacred seats, their lords and the rest in accord with the three lineages, the condition of their (counterparts) within the (subtle) body is described next. ‘The shape of a Kadamba bud...’ (The Point) between the eyebrows, in the location of the Command, round (vartula) and full of energy, is shaped like a Kadamba bud. (It is perceived) in concentration. Most lovely, it is beautiful. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: MDPI Books: The Ocean of Heroes

Vartula (वर्तुल) refers to a “circle”, according to the 10th-century Ḍākārṇava-tantra: one of the last Tibetan Tantric scriptures belonging to the Buddhist Saṃvara tradition consisting of 51 chapters.—Accordingly, [while describing the Merit Circle (guṇacakra)]: “[...] He should make [mantras of all Yoginīs] on all circles [in this manner]. Outside that, he should give a circle (vartula), [on which there are] two lines [colored] black and dark blue. Gates, arched doorways, and altars are [on the circle], adorned with garlands of pearls and half-garlands of pearls. [...] Two colors should be evenly assigned [to them] in accordance with the [directions they] face, respectively. [...]”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Vartula in India is the name of a plant defined with Jasminum sambac in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Nyctanthes undulata L. (among others).

2) Vartula is also identified with Pisum sativum It has the synonym Lathyrus oleraceus Lam. (etc.).

3) Vartula is also identified with Strychnos nux-vomica It has the synonym Strychnos spireana Dop (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Journal of Cytology and Genetics (1989)
· Vicieae Database Project, Southampton University (1986)
· Protoplasma (1979)
· Cytologia (1991)
· Hort. Suburb. Calcutt. (1845)
· Prodromus Stirpium in Horto ad Chapel Allerton vigentium (1796)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Vartula, for example diet and recipes, extract dosage, chemical composition, pregnancy safety, side effects, health benefits, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vartula (वर्तुल).—n A circle. a Circular.

--- OR ---

vartūḷa (वर्तूळ).—n A circle. a Circular.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vartula (वर्तुल).—a. [vṛt-ulac Uṇādi-sūtra 1.93] Round, circular, globular.

-laḥ 1 A kind of pulse, a pea.

2) A ball.

-lam A circle.

-lā f. The end-ball of a spindle (to assist its rotation).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vartula (वर्तुल).—(? text Vattula), name of a yakṣa: Samādhirājasūtra p. 43 line 21. Cf. Vartula Sanskrit Lex., name of an attendant of Śiva.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vartula (वर्तुल).— (vb. vṛt), I. adj. Round, circular, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 5, 10. Ii. m. 1. A ball. 2. A pea. Iii. f. , A ball at the end of a spindle to assist its rotation.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vartula (वर्तुल).—[adjective] round; [neuter] a circle.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vartula (वर्तुल):—[from varta] mf(ā)n. round, circular, globular, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Vetāla-pañcaviṃśatikā; Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

2) [v.s. ...] m. a kind of pea, [Madanavinoda]

3) [v.s. ...] a ball, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of one of Śiva’s attendants, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) Vartulā (वर्तुला):—[from vartula > varta] f. a ball at the end of a spindle to assist its rotation, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) Vartula (वर्तुल):—[from varta] n. a circle, [Catalogue(s)]

7) [v.s. ...] the bulb of a kind of onion, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Vartula in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vartula in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Vartula (वर्तुल) [Also spelled vartul]:—(a) rotund, round, spherical, circular; ~[latā] roundness, rotundity; ~[lākāra] rotundus, spherical, circular; ~[lana] rounding.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vartula (ವರ್ತುಲ):—

1) [adjective] in the shape of a circle; round; circular.

2) [adjective] shaped like a sphere; spherical; globular.

--- OR ---

Vartula (ವರ್ತುಲ):—

1) [noun] that which is round; a circle.

2) [noun] a round body having the surface qually distant from the centre at all points; a ball; a globe; a sphere.

3) [noun] the round, edible seed of the plant Pisum sativum of Papilionaceae family; pea.

--- OR ---

Vartuḷa (ವರ್ತುಳ):—[adjective] = ವರ್ತುಲ [vartula]1.

--- OR ---

Vartuḷa (ವರ್ತುಳ):—[noun] = ವರ್ತುಲ [vartula]2.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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