Urana, Uraṇa: 7 definitions


Urana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Uraṇa (उरण) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “wild sheep” (ram). The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Ayurvedic literature. The animal Uraṇa is part of the sub-group named Jāṅgalamṛga, refering to “animals living in forests”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras

Uraṇa is the name of a village mentioned in the “Rānvaḍ stone inscription of Someśvara”. Uraṇa still retains its ancient name and lies 10 miles from Panvēl in the Kolābā District. Rānvaḍ, where the inscribed stone was found, is near Uraṇ.

This stone inscription (menitoning Uraṇa) was found at Rānvaḍ near Uraṇ in the Kolābā District. It records the grant by the King (Rāula) of the proceeds of some fields in Uraṇa-Paḍivase (i.e. Padivase near Uraṇ), on the occasion of a Sūrya-parvan (a holy occasion sacred to the Sun). It is dated on the fifteenth tithi of the dark fortnight of Caitra in the Śaka year 1181, the cyclic year being Siddhārtha.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Uraṇa (उरण).—[Uṇ.5.17.] (-ṇī f.)

1) A ram, sheep; वृकीवोरणमासाद्य मृत्युरादाय गच्छति (vṛkīvoraṇamāsādya mṛtyurādāya gacchati) Mb., Bhāg.9.14,27.

2) A certain demon killed by Indra.

-ṇī A ewe.

Derivable forms: uraṇaḥ (उरणः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Uraṇa (उरण).—m.

(-ṇaḥ) 1. A ram. 2. A cloud. f. (-ṇī) A ewe. E. to go, kyu affix, leaving ṇa, and u substituted for the antepenultimate.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Uraṇa (उरण).—i. e. vṛ + ana (cf. ūrṇa), m. A lamb, Mahābhārata 12, 6535.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Uraṇa (उरण).—[masculine] a ram (wool-bearer).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Uraṇa (उरण):—m. (√, [Uṇādi-sūtra v, 17]; [from] √1. vṛ; cf.ūrṇu, ūrṇā), a ram, sheep, young ram, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xi; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) Name of an Asura (slain by Indra), [Ṛg-veda ii, 14, 4.]

3) Urāṇa (उराण):—mfn. (= uru kurvāṇa, [Sāyaṇa]) making broad or wide, extending, increasing, [Ṛg-veda]

4) ([pres. p. of √2. vṛ, [Boehtlingk & Roth’s Sanskrit-Woerterbuch]])

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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