Upacaya: 19 definitions


Upacaya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Upachaya.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Upacaya (उपचय):—Increase in growth; anabolism; an action attributed to prithvi mahabhuta

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Upacaya (उपचय) refers to “happiness”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 8), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “In the twelvth yuga sacred to god Bhāga (Sun), the first year is known as Dundubhi; the crops will thrive well. [...] The last year of the last yuga is Kṣaya; there will then be much rain in the land; the Brāhmins will be afflicted with fear and farmers will prosper. The Vaiśyas and Śūdras will be happy [i.e., upacaya-kara] as also persons that deprive others of their property. Thus have been described briefly the effects of the sixty years of Jupiter’s cycle”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

rūpassa: 'growth of corporeality'; s. khandha I; App.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Upacaya (उपचय) refers to the “accumulating (all collections of merits)”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “How then, son of good family, does the Bodhisattva appear to many beings performing the deeds of a Buddha (buddhakārya) even when the Buddhas do not appear? Son of good family, [...] (7) he has perfected the purification of the ornaments of body, speech, thought, the auspicious marks and signs by accumulating all collections of merits (sarva-puṇyasaṃbhāra-upacaya); (8) he has perfected the purification of the ten stages by obtaining the stage of consecration; (9) he has perfected the purification of all qualities of the Buddha by accumulating the collection of knowledges”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Upacaya in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

upacaya : (m.) accumulation.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Upacaya, (fr. upa + ci, cp. caya & ācaya) heaping up, gathering, accumulation, heap. As t. t. with ref. to kamma “conservation”, with ref. to body & form “integration”. (See discussion & defin. at Cpd. 253; Dhs. trsl. 195). ‹-› D. I, 76 (= odana = kummās’ûpacayo, see under kāya); Dhs. 582, 642 (rūpassa u. = āyatanānaṃ ācayo), 864; Vbh. 147, 151 sq.; Kvu 520; Nett 113; Vism. 449; DA. I, 220; PvA. 198 (but v. l. paccayassa preferable). (Page 140)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

upacaya (उपचय).—m S Increase, augmentation, accumulation.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

upacaya (उपचय).—m Increase, augmentation, accu- mulation.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Upacaya (उपचय).—

1) Accumulation, addition, accession; येन मूर्तीनामुपचयापचयाश्च लक्ष्यन्ते तं कालमाहुः (yena mūrtīnāmupacayāpacayāśca lakṣyante taṃ kālamāhuḥ) Mahābhārata on II.2.5.

2) Increase, growth, excess; बल° (bala°) K.15; स्वशक्त्युपचये (svaśaktyupacaye) Śiśupālavadha 2.57; अम्भसामुपचयाय (ambhasāmupacayāya) 9.32; भाग्य° (bhāgya°) Ratnāvalī 1.6 dawn of good fortune; so ज्ञान°, मांस° (jñāna°, māṃsa°).

3) Quantity, heap.

4) Prosperity, elevation, rise. शिवस्योपचयं वीक्ष्य तथापचय- मात्मनः (śivasyopacayaṃ vīkṣya tathāpacaya- mātmanaḥ) | Śiva B.25.32.

5) The third, sixth, tenth and eleventh house or position from the first of a zodiacal sign (or a lagna q. v.).

Derivable forms: upacayaḥ (उपचयः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upacaya (उपचय).—m.

(-yaḥ) 1. Quantity, heap. 2. Elevation. 3. Prosperity. 4. Excess. 5. The third, sixth, tenth, and eleventh degrees from the first of a zodiacal sign. E. upa above, ci to collect, ac aff.

--- OR ---

Upacāya (उपचाय) or Upacāyya.—m.

(-yaḥ) A place for holding sacrificial fire, a hearth, an altar. E. upa, ciñ to collect, ṇyat affix, deriv. irr.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upacaya (उपचय).—i. e. upa-ci + a, m. Increase, [Śiśupālavadha] 9, 29.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upacaya (उपचय).—[masculine] accumulation, increase, growth; prosperity, advantage.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Upacaya (उपचय):—[=upa-caya] a See upa- √1. ci.

2) [=upa-caya] [from upa-ci] b m. accumulation, quantity, heap

3) [v.s. ...] elevation, excess

4) [v.s. ...] increase, growth, prosperity, [Mahābhārata; Suśruta; Hitopadeśa] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] (upacayaṃ √1. kṛ, to promote or advance the prosperity of, help, assist, [Kāmandakīya-nītisāra])

6) [v.s. ...] addition, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

7) [v.s. ...] the third, sixth, tenth, and eleventh of the zodiacal signs, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Upacaya (उपचय):—[upa-caya] (yaḥ) 1. m. Quantity; elevation; prosperity; a degree.

2) Upacāya (उपचाय):—[upa-cāya] (yyaḥ) 1. m. Altar.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Upacaya (उपचय) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Uvacaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Upacaya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Upacaya in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Upacaya (उपचय) [Also spelled upchay]:—(nm) accumulation; increase.

2) Upācaya (उपाचय):—[[~na]] (nm) metabolism.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Upacaya (ಉಪಚಯ):—

1) [noun] the act or process of gathering together; collection; accumulation.

2) [noun] a mass of things collected and heaped up.

3) [noun] an improvement in one’s condition; prosperity; progress.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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