Upada, Upādā, Upadā: 13 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Upada means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Upada (उपद):—Generally translated as Allurement. Allurement is the greatest cause of all sorts of miseries and the abode of miseries. Renunciation eliminates all sorts of miseries.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Upādā, (adv.) (shortened ger. of upādiyati for the usual upādāya in specialised meaning) lit. “taking up”, i.e. subsisting on something else, not original, secondary, derived (of rūpa form) Dhs. 877, 960, 1210; Vism. 275, 444 (24 fold); DhsA. 215, 299, 333, cp. Dhs. trsln. 127, 197.—Usually (and this is the earlier use of upādā) as neg. anupādā (for anupādāya) in meaning “not taking up any more (fuel, so as to keep the fire of rebirth alive)”, not clinging to love of the world, or the kilesas q. v. , having no more tendency to becoming; in phrases a. parinibbānaṃ “unsupported emancipation” M. I, 148; S. IV, 48; V, 29; DhA. I, 286 etc.; a. vimokkho mental release A. V, 64 (A A: catuhi upādānehi agahetvā cittassa vimokkho; arahattass’etaṃ nāmaṃ); Vin. V, 164; Ps. II, 45 sq.; a. vimutto D. I, 17 (= kinci dhammaṃ anupādiyitvā vimutto DA. I, 109); cp. M. III, 227 (paritassanā). (Page 149)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

upaḍā (उपडा).—a upaḍī a R (upaḍaṇēṃ) Upside down; on the belly or mouth; prone.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

upaḍā (उपडा) [-ḍī, -डी].—a Upside down; prone; on the belly.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Upadā (उपदा).—3 U.

1) To give in addition.

2) To offer, give, grant (in general). उपेद् ददाति न स्वं मुषायति (uped dadāti na svaṃ muṣāyati) Rv.6.28.2.

3) To add.

4) (1 Ā.) (Ved.) (a) To take upon oneself. (b) To erect, raise, support.

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Upadā (उपदा).—a. Ved. Giving a present; Vāj.3.9.

-dā (cf. ātaścopasarge P.III.3.16)

1) A present, an offering to a king or a great man, a Nazarāṇā; पञ्च उपदा दीयन्तेऽस्मै पञ्चकः (pañca upadā dīyante'smai pañcakaḥ) Mahābhārata V.1.47. उपदा विविशुः शश्वन्नोत्सेकाः कोसलेश्वरम् (upadā viviśuḥ śaśvannotsekāḥ kosaleśvaram) R.4.7,5.41,7.3; P.V.1.47. cf. also प्रीणयित्वोपदाभिः (prīṇayitvopadābhiḥ) Śiva B.15.53.

2) A bribe.

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Upādā (उपादा).—3 Ā. (p. p. upātta)

1) To receive, accept, take.

2) To acquire, obtain; भूर्या पितामहोपात्ता निबन्धो द्रव्यमेव च (bhūryā pitāmahopāttā nibandho dravyameva ca) Y.2.121.

3) To give to, furnish with; उपाददे तस्य सहस्ररश्मिः (upādade tasya sahasraraśmiḥ); Ku.7.41.

4) To take, appropriate to oneself, assume; मदलौल्यमुपाददे (madalaulyamupādade) Śi.6.23.

5) To take away or off, carry away; steal.

6) To seize, attack; Pt.3. 154.

7) To take, lay hold of; धनुरधिज्यमनाधिरुपाददे (dhanuradhijyamanādhirupādade) R. 9.54; to draw (water)

8) To assume a form.

9) To feel, perceive, experience; उपात्तहर्षैः पुंस्कोकिलैः (upāttaharṣaiḥ puṃskokilaiḥ) Rs.6.21.

1) To consider, regard.

11) To take in addition, include, comprise; अत्र तैलशब्दस्तिलभवस्नेहरूपमुख्यार्थमुपादाय सार्षपादिस्नेहेषु वर्तते (atra tailaśabdastilabhavasneharūpamukhyārthamupādāya sārṣapādisneheṣu vartate) S. D.2.

12) To employ, apply, use; यत्परस्य कुत्साथमुपादीयते (yatparasya kutsāthamupādīyate) Mahābhārata

14) To undertake, begin; as in उपात्तयज्ञः (upāttayajñaḥ); प्रजासर्गमुपादार्य (prajāsargamupādārya) Mb.12. 228.49.

15) To mention, enumerate; इति पूर्वसूत्रोपात्तानाम् (iti pūrvasūtropāttānām) Sk. -Caus.

1) To cause to use, apply or employ.

2) To make use of.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upadā (उपदा).—f.

(-dā) A present, an offering to a king or great man, &c. a Nezer. E. upa, dā a gift, from to give, aṅ and ṭāp affs.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upadā (उपदा).—[upa-dā], f. A present, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 4, 70.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upadā (उपदा).—[feminine] offering, present.

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Upādā (उपादा).—[Middle] accept, receive, acquire, appropriate, take, seize, choose, employ, mention; undertake, begin.

Upādā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms upā and (दा).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Upaḍa (उपड):—[from upa] a m. = upaka, [Pāṇini 5-3, 80.]

2) b m. a diminutive for all proper names of men which begin with upa, [Pāṇini 5-3, 80.]

3) Upadā (उपदा):—[=upa-dā] 1. upa-√1. [Parasmaipada] -dadāti, to give in addition, add;

—to give, grant, offer, [Ṛg-veda vi, 28, 2; Atharva-veda iv, 21, 2; xix, 34, 8; Rāmāyaṇa];

—to take upon one’s self:

—[Passive voice] ([irregular] p. -dadyamāna) to be offered or granted (as protection), [Ṛg-veda vi, 49, 13.]

4) [=upa-dā] 2. upa-dā mfn. giving a present, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā xxx, 9]

5) [v.s. ...] f. a present, offering ([especially] a respectful present to a king or person of rank)

6) [v.s. ...] a bribe, [Pāṇini; Raghuvaṃśa; Śatruṃjaya-māhātmya etc.]

7) Upādā (उपादा):—[=upā-dā] -√1. [Ātmanepada] -datte, (once [Parasmaipada] [perfect tense] 3. [plural] -dadus, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa i, 8, 12]) to receive, accept, gain, acquire, appropriate to one’s self, take away, carry off, steal, [Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Mālavikāgnimitra] etc. ;

—to take with;

—to take in addition, include, comprise;

—to take as help, use, employ, apply, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Patañjali] (cf. upā-dāya);

—to seize, lay hold of, gather, take up, draw up, [Mahābhārata; Raghuvaṃśa; Kumāra-sambhava] etc.;

—to assume (a form or meaning), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa; Patañjali] etc.;

—to cling to;

—to feel, perceive, experience, [Mahābhārata vii; Śiśupāla-vadha vi, 23; Ṛtusaṃhāra] etc.;

—to consider, regard, [Mahābhārata xii];

—to mention, enumerate;

—to set about, undertake, begin, [Harivaṃśa; Kumāra-sambhava] etc.:

—[Causal] [Parasmaipada] -dāpayati, to cause to use or employ [commentator or commentary] on [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra]:

—[Desiderative] [Parasmaipada] -ditsati, to strive to acquire, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa v, 14, 7.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upadā (उपदा):—[upa-dā] (dā) 1. f. A present.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Upadā (उपदा) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Uvadā, Uvāiṇa, Uvādā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Upada in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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