Toya, Toyā: 25 definitions


Toya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Toy.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Toyā (तोया).—Name of a river originating from Vindhya, a holy mountain (kulaparvata) in Bhārata, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 85. There are settlements (janapada) where Āryas and Mlecchas dwell who drink water from these rivers.

Bhārata is a region south of Hemādri, once ruled over by Bharata (son of Ṛṣabha), whose ancestral lineage can be traced back to Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Toyā (तोया).—A river from the Vindhyas.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 33; Matsya-purāṇa 114. 28; Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 103.

1b) A R. of the Śālmalam.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 42.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Toya (तोय) is another name for “Hrībera” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning toya] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Source: Asian Agri-History: Paśu Āyurvēda (Veterinary Medicine) in Garuḍapurāṇa

Toya (तोय) refers to “water” and is used in the various Anupāna (“drink take”), according to sections on the treatment of Horses (Gajāyurveda or Aśvāyurveda) in the Garuḍapurāṇa.—The Anupāna i.e. the drink take along with or after medicine was important in treatment. Because it may help in carrying, absorption, assimilation and enhancing action of the drugs. Normally the selection of anupāna is done depends upon disease, doṣa etc.—[...] In diseases of the deranged and aggravated vāyu the medicine should be administered through the taila (oil), or in combination with śarkarā (sugar), ājya/ghṛita (ghee) or toya (water).

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Toya (तोय) refers to “water” (used in the preparation of a recipe), according to the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Viṣavidyā or Sarpavidyā).—The antidote given by Kāśyapa for Darvīkara poison reads thus (Cf. verse VIII.6-7): The root of Aṅkola tree, salt, two palas or measures (roughly 96 grams) of the two types of Bṛhatī, Bṛhatī and Kaṇṭakārī belonging to Vidārādi-gaṇa are called dve bṛhatyau, kaṭutrayam, mustard seeds, kitchen soot, a paste of of all these in equal quantities prepared with water (toya), serves as a life-saving drug.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Toya (तोय) refers to “water”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the solar or lunar disc should be just dimmed by darkness all round which disappears immediately, the eclipse is technically known as Leha (licking): all creatures will be happy and the earth will be flooded with water [i.e., toya]. If a third, or a fourth, or one half of the disc should be eclipsed, it is technically known as Grasana (seizing with the mouth) grasa—partial eclipse: the wealth of prosperous princes will suffer diminution and prosperous countries will be afflicted with calamities”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Toya (तोय) or Toyatattva refers to the “water principle”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “(Kubjikā) is the colour of (dark) blue collyrium. [...] The lotus, which is the eight-fold creation, should be imagined on the ghost. The Earth principle is in (the Wheel) of the Self-supported. One should think that Water [i.e., toya] is in (her) navel and Fire in the centre of the heart. One should imagine that Wind is in (her) throat and Space on (her) forehead. All (the elements) are located in these (places). Thousands of millions of Kulas are part of the Kula tradition. The teaching concerning (the goddess’s) body is hard to acquire even by the gods.”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Toya (तोय) or Toyatattva refers to the “(elemental power of) water” and as one of the “five elemental powers”, represents one of the various signs and paranormal powers (siddhi) experienced by the Yoga practicioner, according to the Amanaska Yoga treatise (presented in the form of a dialogue between Īśvara and Vāmadeva).—The last fifty-two verses of the Amanaska’s first chapter describe a temporal sequence of psychosomatic signs and paranormal powers (siddhi) brought about by absorption (laya). In the Amanaska, The five elemental powers are, [e.g., water (toya-tattva)], [...].

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Toya in India is the name of a plant defined with Ficus racemosa in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Covellia glomerata Miq. (among others).

2) Toya is also identified with Pavonia odorata It has the synonym Hibiscus oligosandrus Buch-Ham. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club (1946)
· Blumea (1966)
· London Journal of Botany (1848)
· Species Plantarum. (1822)
· Flora de Filipinas (1837)
· Monadelphiae Classis Dissertationes Decem (1786)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Toya, for example extract dosage, health benefits, side effects, pregnancy safety, chemical composition, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

toya : (nt.) water.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Toya, (nt.) (Vedic toya from *tāǔ to melt away; Lat. tabeo, tabes (consumption); Ags. pāwan=E. dew, Oir. tām= tabes; also Gr. tήkw, etc. ) water (poetical for udaka); only in simile: puṇḍarīkaṃ (or padumaṃ) toyena na upalippati A. II, 39=Sn. 547; Sn. 71=213; Th. 1, 700; Nd2 287 (t. vuccati udakaṃ);— Bdhd 67, 93. (Page 307)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

tōya (तोय).—n S Water. Ex. phaḷa tōya varjūna samasta || nirāhāra baisalā raghunātha ||.

--- OR ---

tōya (तोय).—f (Or tōī) Gold or silver lace.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

tōya (तोय).—n Water. f Gold or silver lace.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Toya (तोय).—

1) Water; Ś.7.12.

2) The constellation पूर्वाषाढा (pūrvāṣāḍhā) or its regent.

Derivable forms: toyam (तोयम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Toya (तोय).—n.

(-yaṃ) Water. E. tu to surround, Unadi affix koya or tāya to nourish, ac affix, and ā changed irregularly to o or tu + vic tave pūrttyai yāti yā + ka .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Toya (तोय).—n. (perhaps from vb. tu), Water, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 409; with kṛ, To pour water in honour of a deceased, Mahābhārata 18, 32.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Toya (तोय).—[neuter] water (p. vant†); [accusative] [with] kṛ make a libation of water.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Toya (तोय):—n. (ifc. f(ā). ) water, [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska i, 12; Manu-smṛti v, viii f.; Mahābhārata] etc. (yaṃ-√kṛ with [genitive case], ‘to make offerings of water to the dead’, [xviii, 32]; f(ā). Name of a river in Śālmala-dvīpa, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa ii, 4, 28]; of another in India).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Toya (तोय):—(yaṃ) 1. n. Water.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Toya (तोय) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Toya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Toya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Toya (तोय) [Also spelled toy]:—(nm) water.

context information


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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Toya (तोय) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Toya.

2) Toya (तोय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Toda.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Tōya (ತೋಯ):—[noun] a dish made of pulses and sometimes with vegetables.

--- OR ---

Tōya (ತೋಯ):—

1) [noun] water.

2) [noun] (pros.) a syllabic feet with one short syllable followed by two long syllables.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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