Toya, Toyā: 16 definitions



Toya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Toy.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Toyā (तोया).—Name of a river originating from Vindhya, a holy mountain (kulaparvata) in Bhārata, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 85. There are settlements (janapada) where Āryas and Mlecchas dwell who drink water from these rivers.

Bhārata is a region south of Hemādri, once ruled over by Bharata (son of Ṛṣabha), whose ancestral lineage can be traced back to Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Toyā (तोया).—A river from the Vindhyas.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 33; Matsya-purāṇa 114. 28; Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 103.

1b) A R. of the Śālmalam.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 42.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Toya (तोय) is another name for “Hrībera” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning toya] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

toya : (nt.) water.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Toya, (nt.) (Vedic toya from *tāǔ to melt away; Lat. tabeo, tabes (consumption); Ags. pāwan=E. dew, Oir. tām= tabes; also Gr. tήkw, etc. ) water (poetical for udaka); only in simile: puṇḍarīkaṃ (or padumaṃ) toyena na upalippati A. II, 39=Sn. 547; Sn. 71=213; Th. 1, 700; Nd2 287 (t. vuccati udakaṃ);— Bdhd 67, 93. (Page 307)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

tōya (तोय).—n S Water. Ex. phaḷa tōya varjūna samasta || nirāhāra baisalā raghunātha ||.

--- OR ---

tōya (तोय).—f (Or tōī) Gold or silver lace.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

tōya (तोय).—n Water. f Gold or silver lace.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Toya (तोय).—

1) Water; Ś.7.12.

2) The constellation पूर्वाषाढा (pūrvāṣāḍhā) or its regent.

Derivable forms: toyam (तोयम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Toya (तोय).—n.

(-yaṃ) Water. E. tu to surround, Unadi affix koya or tāya to nourish, ac affix, and ā changed irregularly to o or tu + vic tave pūrttyai yāti yā + ka .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Toya (तोय).—n. (perhaps from vb. tu), Water, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 409; with kṛ, To pour water in honour of a deceased, Mahābhārata 18, 32.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Toya (तोय).—[neuter] water (p. vant†); [accusative] [with] kṛ make a libation of water.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Toya (तोय):—n. (ifc. f(ā). ) water, [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska i, 12; Manu-smṛti v, viii f.; Mahābhārata] etc. (yaṃ-√kṛ with [genitive case], ‘to make offerings of water to the dead’, [xviii, 32]; f(ā). Name of a river in Śālmala-dvīpa, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa ii, 4, 28]; of another in India).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Toya (तोय):—(yaṃ) 1. n. Water.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Toya (तोय):—

1) n. parox. Wasser [das 1, 12.] [Amarakoṣa 1, 2, 3, 4.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1069.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 5, 108. 8, 409. 9, 305.] [Nalopākhyāna 24, 47.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 2, 11. 2, 48, 13.] [Suśruta 1, 84, 8. 114, 6.] [Śākuntala.171.] [Ṛtusaṃhāra 1, 11.] [Geschichte des Vidūṣaka 289.] Als Regent des Nakṣatra Āṣāḍhā [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 98, 2.] toyakṛt Wasser —, Regen bringend [9, 43.] toyaṃ kar einem Verstorbenen (gen.) die Wasserspende darbringen [Mahābhārata 18, 32.] Am Ende eines adj. comp. f. ā [Nalopākhyāna 12, 83.] [Mahābhārata 1, 2867. 13, 645.] [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 50, 11. 95, 18. 3, 39, 14.] [Vikramorvaśī 160.] [Prooemium im Hitopadeśa 47]; vgl. indratoyā, karatoyā . —

2) f. ā Nomen proprium eines Flusses [Viṣṇupurāṇa 185,] [Nalopākhyāna 80.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Toya (तोय) [Also spelled toy]:—(nm) water.

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