Toyada, Toya-da: 10 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Toyada means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Toyada (तोयद) refers to the four “terrible clouds causing dissolution (pralaya)” [viz., Saṃvartaka, Āvarta, Puṣkara and Droṇa] that arose after Brahmā spilled four drops of semen unto the ground, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.19. Accordingly as Śiva said to Brahmā:—“[...] the semen drops that fell in the middle of the altar-ground from you when you were excited by lust and seen by me will not be retained by any one. Four drops of your semen (caturbindu) fell on the ground. Hence so many terrible clouds (toyada) causing dissolution (pralaya) shall rise up in the sky (vyoman). In the meantime, (when Śiva said so) in front of the Devas and the sages, so many clouds emanated from the semen drops. O dear one, four types of great clouds that caused destruction are the Saṃvartaka, the Āvarta, the Puṣkara and the Droṇa. O excellent sage, those clouds rumbling and roaring with hideous sounds dropping showers at the slightest wish of Śiva burst asunder in the sky”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Toyada (तोयद) is another name for “Mustā” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning toyada] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Toyada (तोयद).—a cloud; R.6.65; V.1.14. °अत्ययः (atyayaḥ) the autumn.

Derivable forms: toyadaḥ (तोयदः).

Toyada is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms toya and da (द).

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Toyada (तोयद).—ghee; 'तोयदो मुस्तके मेघे पुमानाज्ये नपुंसकम् (toyado mustake meghe pumānājye napuṃsakam)' Medinī.

Derivable forms: toyadam (तोयदम्).

Toyada is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms toya and da (द).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Toyada (तोयद).—mfn.

(-daḥ-dā-daṃ) Who or what gives water. m.

(-daḥ) 1. A cloud. 2. A fragrant grass, (Cyperus rotundus.) n.

(-daṃ) Ghee or oiled butter. E. toya water, and da yielding. toyaṃ dadāti dā + ka .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Toyada (तोयद).—[toya-da], m. A cloud, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 40, 10.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Toyada (तोयद).—[masculine] cloud (lit. giving water).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Toyada (तोयद):—[=toya-da] [from toya] m. ‘water-giver’, a rain-cloud, [Rāmāyaṇa; Raghuvaṃśa] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] Cyperus rotundus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] ghee, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Toyada (तोयद):—[toya-da] (daḥ) 1. m. A cloud; fragrant grass. n. Ghee. a. Giving water.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Toyada (तोयद):—(toya + da gebend)

1) m. a) Regenwolke [Medinīkoṣa d. 30.] [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 40, 10.] [Raghuvaṃśa 6, 65.] [Vikramorvaśī 14.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 24, 36.] vyanadatsaṃkhye satoya iva toyadaḥ [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 8, 11, 23.] gaganaṃ gatatoyadam [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 44, 22.] toyadātyaye im Herbst [2, 72, 19.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 43 (34), 24.] — b) (wie alle Wörter für Wolke) eine Art Cyperus (mustaka) [Medinīkoṣa] —

2) n. Opferschmalz (ājya) [Medinīkoṣa]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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