Taradatta, Tārādattā: 2 definitions


Taradatta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (T) next»] — Taradatta in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Tārādattā (तारादत्ता).—Wife of Kaliṅgadatta, King of Takṣaśilā situated on the shores of the river Vitastā. Once a celestial maiden named Surabhidattā came to be born as the daughter of Tārādattā due to a curse of Indra. She was then called Kaliṅgasenā. (See under Dharmadatta).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (T) next»] — Taradatta in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Tārādattā (तारादत्ता) is the wife of Kaliṅgadatta: a Buddhist king from Takṣaśilā: a city on the banks of the Vitastā according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 27. Accordingly, “this Kaliṅgadatta, who superintended in this way the religion of his subjects, had a wife named Tārādattā, of equal birth with the king, who, being politic and well-conducted, was such an ornament to the king as language is to a poet, who delights in numerous illustrations. She was meritorious for her bright qualities and was inseparable from that beloved king, being to him what the moonlight is to the moon, the receptacle of nectar. The king lived happily there with that queen [Tārādattā], and passed his days like Indra with Śacī in heaven”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Tārādattā, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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