Pu, Pū: 9 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Pu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Pu (पु).—Short term for the labial consonants प्, फ्, ब्, भ् (p, ph, b, bh) and म् (m) as prescribed by P. 1.1.61 e.g. ओः पुयण्ज्यपरे (oḥ puyaṇjyapare) (P. VII. 4.80).

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Pu.—(PJS), abbreviation of putra, ‘a son’ (especially in medieval Jain inscriptions). Note: pu is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Pu.—ḻugu-kaḍamai (SITI), Tamil; fee for meeting the ex- penses of coating the image of gods with civet; also known as puḻuguvari. Note: pu is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pū (पू).—m (pūya S) Pus, purulent matter. 2 The mucus or gum of the eye. 3 Applied to extremely rotten cloth, wood &c. pū karaṇēṃ g. of o. To spoil or damage exceedingly.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pū (पू).—m Pus, purulent matter. The mucus of the eye. pū karaṇēṃ To damage exceedingly.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pū (पू).—1, 4 Ā., 9 U. (pavate, pūyate, punāti, punīte, pūta; caus. pāvayati; desid. pupūṣati, pipaviṣate)

1) To make pure, cleanse, purify (lit. and fig.); अवश्यपाव्यं पवसे (avaśyapāvyaṃ pavase) Bk.6.64; 3.18; पुण्याश्रमदर्शनेन तावदात्मानं पुनीमहे (puṇyāśramadarśanena tāvadātmānaṃ punīmahe) Ś.1; Ms.1.15;2. 62; Y.1.58; R.1.53; पवनः पवतामस्मि (pavanaḥ pavatāmasmi) Bg.1.31.

2) To refine.

3) To clean from chaff, winnow; पूत्वा तृण- मिषीकां वा ते लभन्ते न किञ्चन (pūtvā tṛṇa- miṣīkāṃ vā te labhante na kiñcana) Mb.12.237.4.

4) To expiate, atone for; दुर्मित्रासो हि क्षितयः पवन्ते (durmitrāso hi kṣitayaḥ pavante) Rv.7.28.4.

5) To discern, discriminate.

6) To think out, devise, invent.

7) To become clear or pure (Ātm.).

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Pū (पू).—a. (At the end of comp.) Purifying, cleansing, refining; as in खलपू (khalapū) &c.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pū (पू).—[(ṅa)pūṅ] r. 1st cl. (pavate)śodhe bhvā0 ā0 saka0 seṭ . (ña)pūñ r. 9th cl. (punātipunīte) 1. To purify, to cleanse, physically or metaphorically. 2. To clean from chaff, to winnow. 3. To Discriminate, to discern. 4. To invent, to think out, to contrive. kryādi0 pvā0 ubha0 saka0 seṭ . r. 4th cl. (pūyate) To grow or become pure. divā0 ātma0 saka0 seṭ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pū (पू).—ii. 9, punā, punī, [Parasmaipada.] [Ātmanepada.] i. 1, [Ātmanepada.] ([Parasmaipada.] [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 10, 31); i. 4, [Ātmanepada.], properly Passive. To purify, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 105; to make pure, 8, 311. Ptcple. of the pf. pass. pūta, 1. Purified, pure. 2. Cleaned. 3. Threshed, winnowed. 4. Foul smelling, stinking (cf. pūti and pūy). n. Truth. Comp. A-, adj. impure. Śastra-, adj. purified by arms, absolved from guilt by dying in the field of battle. [Causal.] pāvaya, To cause to be purified, to purify, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 183. Ptcple. of the pf. pass. pāvita, Purified, 2, 75.

— With the prep. nis nis, niṣ-pū, To purify, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 6, 1, 18.

— With pari pari, paripūta, 1. Purified completely, [Mṛcchakaṭikā, (ed. Stenzler.)] 159, 2. 2. Threshed (winnowed?), [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 331.

— With vi vi, To purify, Mahābhārata 2, 1150.

— Cf. [Latin] purus, pŭtus, putare (cf. the vedic use of ), pius, ex-piare, piaculum, punio, poena; [Gothic.] fon (fire, cf. pāvaka), probably for favan; with r for n, [Old High German.] fiur; [Anglo-Saxon.] fyr,

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pū (पू).—1. punāti punīte pavate (ti), [participle] pūta (q.v.) cleanse, purify, make clear or bright, sift, discern; contrive, invent, compose; [Middle] also clear itself, flow clear; grow or be pure (lit. & [figuratively]). [Causative] pavayati or pāvayati purify.

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Pū (पू).—2. purifying (—°).

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Pū (पू).—3. drinking (—°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pu (पु):—mfn. cleaning, purifying (See su-pu).

2) Pū (पू):—1. [class] 9. [Ātmanepada] [Parasmaipada] ([Dhātupāṭha xxxi, 12]) punāti, punīte (3. [plural] [Ātmanepada] punate, [Atharva-veda], punate, [Ṛg-veda]; 2. sg. [imperative] [Parasmaipada] punīhi, [Ṛg-veda] etc., punāhi, [Sāma-veda]);—[class] 1. [Ātmanepada] ([xxii 70]) pavate (of [Parasmaipada] only [imperative] -pava, [Ṛg-veda ix, 19, 3], and p. [genitive case] [plural] pavatām, [Bhagavad-gītā x, 31]; p. [Ātmanepada] punāna below, pavamāna See p. 610, col. 3; 1. sg. [Ātmanepada] punīṣe, [Ṛg-veda vii, 85, 1]; [perfect tense] pupuvuh. ve, [Brāhmaṇa]; apupot, [Ṛg-veda iii, 26, 8]; [Aorist] apāviṣuḥ [subjunctive] apaviṣṭa, [Ṛg-veda]; [future] paviṣyati, pavitā [grammar]; [indeclinable participle] pūtvā, [Atharva-veda]; pūtvī, [Ṛg-veda]; pavitvā [grammar]; -pūya and -pāvam, [Brāhmaṇa] etc.; [infinitive mood] pavitum, [Brāhmaṇa]),

2) —to make clean or clear or pure or bright, cleanse, purify, purge, clarify, illustrate, illume (with saktum, ‘to cleanse from chaff, winnow’; with kratum or manīṣām, ‘to enlighten the understanding’; with hiraṇyam, ‘to wash gold’), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.;

2) — (met.) to sift, discriminate, discern;

2) —to think of or out, invent, compose (as a hymn), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda];

2) — ([Ātmanepada] pavate) to purify one’s self. be or become clear or bright;

2) — ([especially]) to flow off clearly (said of the Soma), [Ṛg-veda];

2) —to expiate, atone for, [ib. vii, 28, 4];

2) —to pass so as to purify;

2) —to purify in passing or pervading, ventilate, [Ṛg-veda] etc. (cf.pav) :—[Passive voice] pūyate, to be cleaned or washed or purified;

2) —to be freed or delivered from ([ablative]), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.:—[Causal] pavayati or pāvayati ([Epic] also te; [Aorist] apīpavat [grammar]; [Passive voice] pāvyate, [Kāvya literature]),

2) —to cleanse, purify, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Brāhmaṇa]; etc. :—[Desiderative], pupūṣati, pipaviṣate [grammar]:—[Desiderative] of [Causal] pipāvayiṣati [grammar]

3) cf. [Greek] πῦρ; Umbr. pir; [German] Feuer; [English] fire.

4) 2. mfn. cleansing, purifying (ifc.; cf. annauda-, ghṛtaetc.)

5) 3. mfn. (√1. ) drinking (See agre-pū).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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