Pums, Puṃs, Pumsh: 14 definitions


Pums means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Puṃs (पुंस्) refers to an “ordinary man”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.43.—Accordingly, as Śiva said to Dakṣa:—“O patriarch, listen to another statement of mine with a clear conscience. Although it is based on the qualitative aspect it is esoteric. [...] In that supreme, sole, universal God which is the pure Self, the ignorant sees different living beings, Brahman, Īśvara etc. Even as an ordinary man (puṃs) does not consider his head, hands and other limbs as separate from his own self so also my follower does not feel separateness about the living beings”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Puṃs (पुंस्).—Masculine: a word used in grammar in the पुंलिङ्ग (puṃliṅga) or the masculine gender; cf स्त्रीपुंनपुंसकेषु (strīpuṃnapuṃsakeṣu) Br. Dev. I. 40, cf.also असरूपाणां युवस्थविरस्त्रीपुंसानां विशेषश्चाविवक्षितः सामान्यं च विवक्षितम् । (asarūpāṇāṃ yuvasthavirastrīpuṃsānāṃ viśeṣaścāvivakṣitaḥ sāmānyaṃ ca vivakṣitam |) M. Bh. on P. I. 2.68 Vārt. 1; cf. पुंस्प्रवाद (puṃspravāda). and पौंस्नानि नामानि (pauṃsnāni nāmāni).

Vyakarana book cover
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)

Puṃs (पुंस्) refers to “men”, according to the King Vatsarāja’s Pūjāstuti called the Kāmasiddhistuti (also Vāmakeśvarīstuti), guiding one through the worship of the Goddess Nityā.—Accordingly, “[...] O mother! Even the kings of gods bow to the feet of those men (puṃs) who have acquired a drop of the grace (prasāda-lava) of seeing you. Kings of all the rich lands extending to the four oceans [bow to them] all the more, illuminating their footrests with the studded jewels of their elevated crowns”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Puṃs (पुंस्) is the Sanskrit word referring to “man” or “male” in general, as opposed to Strī, which refers to “woman” or “female”.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Puṃs (पुंस्) refers to “men”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Those possessions which are pitiless, having imparted a great burning in the heart of men (puṃshṛdi puṃsāṃ kathaṃ), certainly will go away. How could they be for your pleasure?”.

Synonyms: Puruṣa.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Puṃs (पुंस्).—1 U. [पुंसयति-ते (puṃsayati-te)]

1) To crush, grind.

2) To pain, trouble, punish.

--- OR ---

Puṃs (पुंस्).—m. [pāti pā-pālane ḍumasun Uṇādi-sūtra 4.177] (Nom. pumān, pumāṃsau, pumāṃsaḥ; Instr. du. puṃbhyāṃ; Voc. sing. puman)

1) A male, male being; पुंसि विश्वसिति कुत्र कुमारी (puṃsi viśvasiti kutra kumārī) N.5.11.

2) A man, human being; यस्यार्थाः स पुमाँल्लोके (yasyārthāḥ sa pumāṃlloke) H.1.

3) Man, mankind, people; वन्द्यैः पुंसां रघुपतिपदैः (vandyaiḥ puṃsāṃ raghupatipadaiḥ) Meghadūta 12.

4) A servant, an attendant.

6) A word in the masculine gender.

6) The masculine gender; पुंसि वा हरिचन्दनम् (puṃsi vā haricandanam) Ak.

7) The soul.

8) A living being; जन्म त्वात्मतया पुंसः सर्वभावेन भूरिदः (janma tvātmatayā puṃsaḥ sarvabhāvena bhūridaḥ) Bhāgavata 11.22.4.

9) A kind of Naraka; अपत्यमस्मि ते पुंसस्त्राणात् पुत्र इति स्मृतः (apatyamasmi te puṃsastrāṇāt putra iti smṛtaḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 14.9.63.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Puṃs (पुंस्).—[puṃsa] r. 10th cl. (-puṃsayati-te) 1. To punish, to pain. 2. To crush, to grind. cu0 ubha0 saka0 seṭ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Puṃs (पुंस्).—i. 10, [Parasmaipada.] To grind.

--- OR ---

Puṃs (पुंस्).—i. e. probably api-man + t, the base of some cases is pumāṃs, pum, the nom. sing. pumān, voc. sing. puman, m. 1. A man or male, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 29. 2. A servant, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 15, 38. 3. The soul, 7, 1, 11.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Puṃs (पुंस्).—v. pumaṃs.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Puṃs (पुंस्):—1. puṃs [class] 10. puṃsayati, to crush, grind, [Dhātupāṭha xxxii, 94] ([Nominal verb] [from] next?).

2) 2. puṃs m. (the strong cases from pumāṃs cf. [Pāṇini 7-1, 89]; sg. [nominative case] pumān; [vocative case] pumas or puman; [accusative] pumāṃsam; [dual number] [nominative case] pumāṃsau; [plural] [nominative case] pumāṃsas [irreg. puṃsas, [Mahābhārata iii, 13825]]; the weak from puṃs e.g. sg. [instrumental case] puṃsā; [locative case] puṃsi [accusative] [plural] puṃsas, which loses its s before consonants e.g. [instrumental case] [plural] pum-bhis; [locative case] [plural] puṃsu; for puṃs, [in the beginning of a compound] See, [Pāṇini 8-3, 6]) a man, a male being, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

3) (in gram.) a masculine (word), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Pāṇini; Vopadeva]

4) a human being, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

5) a servant, attendant, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

6) the soul, spirit, spirit of man (= puruṣa; with para or parama, the Supreme Spirit, Soul of the Universe, Viṣṇu), [Kapila’s Sāṃkhya-pravacana; Tattvasamāsa; Sāṃkhyakārikā; Mahābhārata; Purāṇa; Kathāsaritsāgara]

7) Puṃś (पुंश्):—[from puṃs] in [compound] for 2. puṃs (cf. [Pāṇini 8-3, 6]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Puṃs (पुंस्):—(ka) puṃsayati 10. a. To punish.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Puṃs (पुंस्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Pu, Pubha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pums in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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