Prithvirupa, Pṛthvīrūpa: 5 definitions


Prithvirupa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Pṛthvīrūpa can be transliterated into English as Prthvirupa or Prithvirupa, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Prithvirupa in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Pṛthvīrūpa (पृथ्वीरूप).—A beautiful king of a country called Pratiṣṭhāna. Once three wise yogins came to him and said "Oh King, we have travelled round the world. There is a princess in Muktidvīpa called Rūpalatā. In beauty she will be a good match for you." On hearing this Pṛthvīrūpa calling the court artist Kumāradatta to his side said "Paint a picture of mine and go along with these three sannyāsins to Muktidvīpa and give the painting in private to the princess there and also bring me an exact painting of hers."

The painter went to Muktidvīpa and the King coming to know of the talents of the artist Kumāradatta commissioned him to paint a picture of his daughter Rūpalatā. He did the work beautifully. The King was immensely pleased and he enquired if Kumāradatta had seen a suitable prince for Rūpalatā. Kumāradatta immediately showed him the portrait of Pṛthvīrūpa. The king found the prince extremely suitable and entrusted the artist himself with the task of negotiating the marriage with Pṛthvīrūpa. Kumāradatta returned to his King with the portrait of Rūpalatā and Pṛthvīrūpa was infatuated with the dazzling beauty of Rūpalatā. Before long the marriage of Pṛthvīrūpa with Rūpalatā was conducted in all grandeur. (Alaṅkāravatīlambaka, Kathāsaritsāgara, Taraṅga 1).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Prithvirupa in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Pṛthvīrūpa (पृथ्वीरूप) is the name of an ancient king from Pratiṣṭhāna, according to in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 51. Accordingly, “... there is in the Deccan a city named Pratiṣṭhāna. In it lived a very handsome king named Pṛthvīrūpa. Once on a time two discerning Buddhist hermits came to him”.

The story of Pṛthvīrūpa was narrated by the Gomukha to Naravāhanadatta in order to amuse him through the night and to demonstrate that “the resolute endure painful separation for a long time”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Pṛthvīrūpa, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Prithvirupa in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pṛthvīrūpa (पृथ्वीरूप):—[=pṛthvī-rūpa] [from pṛthvī > pṛth] m. Name of a prince, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

[Sanskrit to German]

Prithvirupa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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