Prayashcita, Prāyaścita: 3 definitions


Prayashcita means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Prāyaścita can be transliterated into English as Prayascita or Prayashcita, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Prayschit.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Prayashcita in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Prāyaścita (प्रायश्चित) refers to “expiatory rites”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.28 (“Description of the fraudulent words of the Brahmacārin”).—Accordingly, as Pārvatī said to Śiva (in guise of a Brahmacārin): “[...]  If, out of ignorance of His reality, any one were to discredit Śiva, his merit hoarded ever since birth becomes reduced to ashes. You have censured Śiva of immeasurable splendour and I have worshiped you, hence I have become sinful. On seeing a person who hates Śiva one should take bath along with one’s clothes. On seeing a person who hates Śiva one should perform expiatory rites (prāyaścita)”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Prayashcita in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Prāyaścita (प्रायश्चित) [Also spelled prayschit]:—(nm) atonement, penance, expiation; —[karanā] to sack cloth and ashes, to atone for.

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Discover the meaning of prayashcita or prayascita in the context of Hindi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Prayashcita in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Prāyaścita (प्रायश्चित) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Pacchitta.

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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