Prayana, Prayāṇa, Prāyaṇa: 14 definitions


Prayana means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Prayan.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Prayāṇa (प्रयाण) refers to “journeys”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “O fool, sentient beings, having begun from the womb, are continually led by [their own] action to Yama’s abode by means of uninterrupted journeys (prayāṇa). If there is a powerful [man], seen or heard about, who opposes the command of Yama, having honoured him you must possess health. [As there is] no such individual, why [make] the effort [for health] in vain?”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

prayāṇa (प्रयाण).—n (S) Going forth, departing. 2 fig. Death.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

prayāṇa (प्रयाण).—n Going forth, departing. Death.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Prayāṇa (प्रयाण).—

1) Setting out, starting, departure.

2) A march, journey; मार्गं तावच्छृणु कथयतस्त्वत्प्रयाणानुरूपम् (mārgaṃ tāvacchṛṇu kathayatastvatprayāṇānurūpam) Meghadūta 13; Mahābhārata (Bombay) 7.166.1.

3) Progress, advance.

4) The march (of an enemy), an attack, invasion, expedition; कामं पुरः शुक्रमिव प्रयाणे (kāmaṃ puraḥ śukramiva prayāṇe) Kumārasambhava 3.43; R.6.33; प्रयाणपटहध्वनिं प्रथयति स्म ताराध्वनि (prayāṇapaṭahadhvaniṃ prathayati sma tārādhvani) Rāmāyaṇachampū.

5) Beginning, commencement.

6) Death, departure (from the world); प्रयाण- कालेऽपि च मां ते विदुर्युक्तचेतसः (prayāṇa- kāle'pi ca māṃ te viduryuktacetasaḥ) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 7.3.

7) The back of a horse; Mahābhārata (Bombay) 3.71.16.

8) The hinder part of any animal.

Derivable forms: prayāṇam (प्रयाणम्).

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Prāyaṇa (प्रायण).—

1) Entrance, beginning, commencement.

2) The path of life.

3) Voluntary death; पुत्रे राज्यं समासृज्य कुर्वीत प्रायणं रणे (putre rājyaṃ samāsṛjya kurvīta prāyaṇaṃ raṇe) Manusmṛti 9.323.

4) Taking refuge, refuge; प्रायणं हि सतामहम् (prāyaṇaṃ hi satāmaham) Bhāgavata 11.11.48;6.5.31.

5) Death; मनुष्येषु प्रायणान्तमोङ्कारमभिध्यायीत (manuṣyeṣu prāyaṇāntamoṅkāramabhidhyāyīta) Praśna Up.5.1.

6) A kind of food (prepared in milk); प्रायणं भगवत्प्रोक्तं भुञ्जते वाऽग्रभोजनम् (prāyaṇaṃ bhagavatproktaṃ bhuñjate vā'grabhojanam) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.335.25.

Derivable forms: prāyaṇam (प्रायणम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prayāṇa (प्रयाण).—n.

(-ṇaṃ) 1. Going, motion. 2. Going forth or to a distance. 3. Departure. 4. Death. 5. March of an assailing force, attack, invasion. 5. Beginning, commencement. 6. The back of a horse. 7. The hind part of any animal. E. pra before, to go, aff. lyuṭ; also with kan added, prayāṇaka n.


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Prāyaṇa (प्रायण).—n.

(-ṇaṃ) Death, voluntary death. E. pra, and ayana going.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prayāṇa (प्रयाण).—i. e. pra-yā + ana, n. 1. Going forth, march, [Pañcatantra] 8, 19. 2. Going, [Hitopadeśa] iv. [distich] 80. 3. Attack, [Pañcatantra] 232, 16; invasion.

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Prāyaṇa (प्रायण).—i. e. pra-i + ana, n. Death, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 323.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prayāṇa (प्रयाण).—[neuter] setting out, starting, going forth; journey, march; onset, beginning.

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Prāyaṇa (प्रायण).—[adjective] going; [neuter] entrance, beginning, course of or departure from life; [accusative] [with] kṛ = [preceding] [with] ās etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Prayāṇa (प्रयाण):—[=pra-yāṇa] [from pra-yā] a n. ([Kāśikā-vṛtti on Pāṇini 8-4, 29]) setting out, starting, advancing, motion onwards, progress, journey, march, invasion, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. (with gardabhena, ‘riding on an ass’ [Pañcatantra])

2) [v.s. ...] departure, death (cf. prāṇa-pray)

3) [v.s. ...] onset, beginning, commencement, [Kāṭhaka; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

4) [=pra-yāṇa] b etc. See under pra-√yā.

5) Prāyaṇa (प्रायण):—[from prāya] mfn. going forth, going, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā]

6) [v.s. ...] n. entrance, beginning, commencement, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Brāhmaṇa; Upaniṣad]

7) [v.s. ...] the course or path of life, [Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

8) [v.s. ...] going for protection, taking refuge, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

9) [v.s. ...] departure from life, death, voluntary d° (ṇaṃ-√kṛ, to court d°), [Manu-smṛti ix, 323]

10) [v.s. ...] a kind of food prepared with milk, [Purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Prayāṇa (प्रयाण):—[pra-yāṇa] (ṇaṃ) 1. n. Motion; departure, marching to attack; death.

2) Prāyaṇa (प्रायण):—(ṇaṃ) 1. n. Voluntary death.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Prayāṇa (प्रयाण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Payāṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Prayana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Prayana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Prayāṇa (प्रयाण) [Also spelled prayan]:—(nm) departure, setting out; march; death; —[kāla/samaya] departure time; the end.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Prayāṇa (ಪ್ರಯಾಣ):—

1) [noun] the act or process of traveling; travel.

2) [noun] a moving forward or onward; progress.

3) [noun] forward course; development.

4) [noun] the act or an instance of troops marching (to attack).

5) [noun] the passing away of the soul from the body; death.

6) [noun] the gesture or gestures made by a singer, often considered as a fault.

7) [noun] ಪ್ರಯಾಣ ಮಾಡು [prayana madu] prayāṇa māḍu = ಪ್ರಯಾಣಿಸು [prayanisu].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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