Patralekha, aka: Patralekhā, Patra-lekha; 3 Definition(s)

Introduction

Patralekha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Patralekha in Natyashastra glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Patralekhā (पत्रलेखा) refers to a type of ornament for the cheeks (gaṇḍa or kapola) to be worn by females, according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. Patralekhā is composed of the Sanskrit words patra (leaf) and lekhā (border, stroke). Such ornaments for females should be used in cases of human females and celestial beings (gods and goddesses).

Ābharaṇa (‘ornaments’, eg., patralekhā) is a category of alaṃkāra, or “decorations”, which in turn is a category of nepathya, or “costumes and make-up”, the perfection of which forms the main concern of the Āhāryābhinaya, or “extraneous representation”, a critical component for a successful dramatic play.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Katha (narrative stories)

Patralekha in Katha glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Patralekhā (पत्रलेखा) is the name of a court-lady in service of king Vikramāditya, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 122. Accordingly, “... at that time the forest-fire of separation of that King Vikramāditya began to burn more fiercely, fanned by the eastern breeze. Then the following cries were heard among the ladies of his court: ‘Hāralatā, bring ice! Citrāṅgī, sprinkle him with sandalwood juice! Patralekhā, make a bed cool with lotus leaves! Kandarpasenā, fan him with plantain leaves!’ And in course of time the cloudy season, terrible with lightning, passed away for that king, but the fever of love, burning with the sorrow of separation, did not pass away”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Patralekhā, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha book cover
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Patralekha in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Patralekhā (पत्रलेखा) or Patrarekhā.—f. (khā) Decoratien of the face or person, by means of fragrant pigments, consisting of Sandal, saffron, musk, &c. E. patra a leaf, and lekhā a line.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 570 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Patra
Pātra (पात्र) refers to “one who deserves”, as defined in the Śivapurāṇa 1.15.—“[...] the word ...
Lekha
Lekha (लेख).—A deva-gaṇa (set of celestial beings) of Raivata Manvantara. In this set there are...
Citralekha
Citralekhā (चित्रलेखा) is a friend of Uṣā: the daughter of Asura Bāṇa, who had Citralekhā paint...
Supatra
1) Supatrā (सुपत्रा) is another name for Rudrajaṭā, a medicinal plant identified with Aristoloc...
Lekhapatra
Lekhapatra (लेखपत्र).—1) an epistle, a letter, writing in general. 2) a deed, documement (legal...
Jayapatra
Jaya-patra.—(SITI), a certificate of victory in a dispute; a copy of the judgement. See jayarek...
Tamrapatra
Tāmrapatra (ताम्रपत्र).—n. (-traṃ) A plate of copper. m. (-traḥ) A potherb: see jīva. E. tāmra,...
Tamalapatra
Tamālapatra (तमालपत्र).—n. (-traṃ) 1. The Tamala tree: see tamāla. 2. The Tilaka or sectarial m...
Shatapatra
Śatapatra (शतपत्र).—n. (-traṃ) A lotus in general, (Nelumbium speciosum or Nymphæa nelumbo.) m....
Shashilekha
Śaśilekhā (शशिलेखा).—f. (-khā) 1. A digit of the moon. 2. A plant, (Menispermum glabrum.) 3. A ...
Pancapatra
Pañca-pātra.—(SITI), literally, ‘a vessel made of five [metals]’; offerings of food made to a d...
Danapatra
Dānapatra (दानपत्र).—a deed of gifts. Derivable forms: dānapatram (दानपत्रम्).Dānapatra is a Sa...
Ajnapatra
Ājñāpatra (आज्ञापत्र).—n. (-traṃ) An edict, a written order. E. ājñā and patra a page.
Shuddhipatra
Śuddhipatra (शुद्धिपत्र).—1) a list of errata or corrigenda. 2) a certificate of purification b...
Patravalli
1) Patravallī (पत्रवल्ली) is another name for Rudrajaṭā, a medicinal plant identified with Aris...

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