Napat, Napāt: 7 definitions


Napat means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Napāt (नपात्) in Vedic literature apparently has both the wider sense of ‘descendant’, and the narrower one of ‘grandson’ in the Saṃhitās. In the Brāhmaṇas the word seems hardly to have the sense of ‘descendant ’ at all, while it denotes not only ‘grandson’, but also ‘great-grandson’ in the sequence ‘sons, grandsons, great-grandsons’ (putrān, pautrān, naptṝn). ‘Grandson’ is also expressed by Pautra (‘son’s son’) in the Atharvaveda and later, while the sense of ‘great-grandson’ is accurately conveyed as early as the Rigveda by Praṇapāt, used beside Napāt, ‘grandson’. Naptī, the feminine, is practically limited to the Saṃhitās, and denotes ‘daughter’. The use in the Veda throws no light on the original use of the word.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Napāt (नपात्).—m.

1) A grandson (usually restricted to the Vedas), as in तनूनपात् (tanūnapāt).

2) A descendant, son.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Napāt (नपात्).—[na-pā + t], naptṛ naptṛ (i. e. na-pā + tṛ), I. m. 1. A grandson, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 173. 2. A proper name, Mahābhārata 13, 4362. Ii. f. naptī naptī (i. e. na-pāt + ī), A granddaughter, Chr. 289, 9 = [Rigveda.] i. 50, 9, where the horses are denoted as granddaughters of the chariot.

— Cf. [Latin] nepos, neptis; [Old High German.] nefo; [Anglo-Saxon.] nefa; [Old High German.] nift; [Gothic.] nithjis, nithjo;

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Napāt (नपात्).—v. naptṛ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Napāt (नपात्):—or naptṛ, m. (the former stem only in the strong cases and earlier lang.; the latter in Class., but [accusative] naptāram appears in [Taittirīya-saṃhitā] and, [Aitareya-brāhmaṇa]) descendant, offspring, son (in this meaning [especially] in [Ṛg-veda], e.g. apāṃ n, ūrjo n, divo n, vimuco n etc.)

2) grandson (in later lang. restricted to this sense), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

3) Name of one of the Viśve devās, [Mahābhārata xiii, 4362]

4) path of the gods (?), [Mahīdhara on Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā xix, 56]

5) granddaughter (?), [Uṇādi-sūtra ii, 96 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

6) [Prob. neither = na pat ([Uṇādi-sūtra ii, 96]) nor na pāt ([Pāṇini vi, 3, 75]), and of very questionable connection with √nabh, or nah; cf. [Zend] napāt, naptar; [Greek] νέποδες, ἀνεψιός; [Latin] nepōt-em; [Anglo-Saxon] nefa; H. [German] nëvo, nëve, Neffe.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Napat in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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