Marman: 10 definitions


Marman means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Marman (मर्मन्):—A Sanskrit technical term translating to “the vulnerable points”, and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. Marman is said to be one of the three “pathways of diseases” (rogamārga) together with the bones (asthi) and joints (saṃdhi).


Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Marman (मर्मन्).—According to Indian Śāstras there are 108 Marmans in the body of a living being. Of these the most important are forehead, eyes, eye-brows, armpits, shoulders heart, chin etc. Bhaviṣya Purāṇa, Chapter 34 says that a snake-bite or a heavy blow on any one of these marmans would prove fatal.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Marman (मर्मन्).—n. [mṛ-manin]

1) (a) A vital part of the body, the vitals, weak or tender point of the body); तथैव तीव्रो हृदि शोकशङ्कुर्मर्माणि कृन्तन्नपि किं न सोढः (tathaiva tīvro hṛdi śokaśaṅkurmarmāṇi kṛntannapi kiṃ na soḍhaḥ) Uttararāmacarita 3.35; Y. 1.153; Bhaṭṭikāvya 16; स्वहृदयमर्मणि वर्म करोति (svahṛdayamarmaṇi varma karoti) Gītagovinda 4. (b) Any vital member or organ.

2) Any weak or vulnerable point, a defect, failing; तेऽन्योन्यमभिसंसृत्य क्षिपन्तो मर्मभिर्मिथः (te'nyonyamabhisaṃsṛtya kṣipanto marmabhirmithaḥ) Bhāgavata 8.1.27.

3) The core, quick.

4) Any joint (of a limb).

5) The secret or hidden meaning, the pith or essence (of anything); काव्यमर्मप्रकाशिका टीका (kāvyamarmaprakāśikā ṭīkā); नत्वा गङ्गाधरं मर्मप्रकाशं तनुते गुरुम्--नागेशभट्ट (natvā gaṅgādharaṃ marmaprakāśaṃ tanute gurum--nāgeśabhaṭṭa).

6) A secret, a mystery.

7) Truth.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Marman (मर्मन्).—i. e. mṛ + man, n. 1. A vital member or organ, Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 1586. 2. A joint of a limb, [Hitopadeśa] iv. [distich] 32. 3. A weak point, [Hitopadeśa] iii. [distich] 9. 4. A secret, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 200. 5. Design, [Hitopadeśa] iii. [distich] 19. 6. Truth.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Marman (मर्मन्).—[neuter] open part of the body, vulnerable or weak spot.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Marman (मर्मन्):—n. (√mṛ) mortal spot, vulnerable point, any open or exposed or weak or sensitive part of the body (in, [Nirukta, by Yāska] reckoned to be 107), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) the joint of a limb, any joint or articulation, [ib.]

3) the core of anything, the quick, [ib.]

4) any vital member or organ (cf. antar-m)

5) anything which requires to be kept concealed, secret quality, hidden meaning, any secret or mystery, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Marman (मर्मन्):—(rmma) 5. n. A joint; member; a secret meaning.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Marman (मर्मन्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Mamma.

[Sanskrit to German]

Marman in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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