Makandika, Mākandikā, Mākandika: 7 definitions


Makandika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Makandika in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Mākandikā (माकन्दिका) is the name of a city situated on the bank of the Ganges, according to the “Story of the Hypocritical Ascetic” in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 15.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Mākandikā, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Makandika in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Mākandika (माकन्दिक) or Māgandika is the name of a Brahmacārin according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter VI). Accordingly, “Mākandika’s disciples were carrying his corpse (kuṇapa) on a litter (khaṭvā) through the city (nagara). While they were walking through the crowd, they proclaimed: ‘Those who see the body of Mākandika with their eyes will all obtain the path of purity (viśuddhi-mārga), all the more so those who will venerate and honor it’.”.

Note: With regard to the Māgaṇḍikas, T. W. Rhys-Davids says: “This name is probably derived from the name of the founder of a corporate body. But all their records have perished and we know nothing of them otherwise.” The present passage of the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra tells us that these Māgaṇḍikas, one of whom are known, are the disciples of the Brahmacārin Māgandika who promenaded the corpse of their teacher and promised salvation to those who contemplated it.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Makandika in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Mākandika (माकन्दिक).—(also Māgandika, q.v.; = Pali Māgan-diya), name of a parivrājaka who lived at Kalmāṣadamya, q.v.: Divyāvadāna 515.14 ff.; °dikāvadānam, colophon of Divyāvadāna chapter 36, Divyāvadāna 544.21.

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Mākandika (माकन्दिक) or Māgandika.—(1) (Pali Māgandiya): in the ‘Sanskrit Suttanipāta’, Hoernle, JRAS 1916.714—5; (2) as common noun, in Mahāvastu iii.412.7 (prose), applied to some kind of heretical (brahmanical) ascetics or sectarians, in a [compound], after parivrājakā, traidaṇḍika-mānandika-(so mss., read māga°, or māka°?)-guruputraka-gautama- etc.); compare Pali Aṅguttaranikāya (Pali) iii.276.32 f., similar list, paribbājako… māgaṇḍiko…tedaṇḍiko…aviruddhako…gotamako, etc.; the word māgaṇḍika (note ṇḍ) is not recorded in [Pali Text Society’s Pali-English Dictionary] or Childers; it seems doubtful whether it is related to the n. pr. (proper name) Māgandika (1).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Makandikā (मकन्दिका):—f. Name of a woman, [Patañjali]

2) Mākandikā (माकन्दिका):—[from mākandaka > mākanda] f. Name of a city (= mākandī), [Kathāsaritsāgara]

3) Mākandika (माकन्दिक):—[from mākanda] m. (metron. [from] makandikā, [Patañjali]) Name of a man, [Buddhist literature]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Mākandika (माकन्दिक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Māgaṃdia.

[Sanskrit to German]

Makandika in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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