Magandiya, Māgandiya, Māgandiyā: 1 definition


Magandiya means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Magandiya. A brahmin of the Kuru country. He had a very beautiful daughter, called Magandiya. Many men of high station sought her hand, but the brahmin did not consider them worthy. The Buddha, one day, became aware that both Magandiya and his wife were ready for conversion, so he visited their village. Magandiya saw him, and, noting the auspicious marks on his body, told him of his daughter and begged him to wait till she could be brought. The Buddha said nothing, and Magandiya went home and returned with his wife and daughter arrayed in all splendours. On arriving, they found the Buddha had gone, but his footprint was visible, and Magandiyas wife, skilled in such matters, said that the owner of such a footprint was free from all passion. But Magandiya paid no attention, and, going a little way, saw the Buddha and offered him his daughter. The Buddha thereupon told them of his past life, his renunciation of the world, his conquest of Mara, and the unsuccessful attempts of Maras very beautiful daughters to tempt him. Compared with them, Magandiya was, he said, a corpse, filled with thirty two impurities, an impure vessel painted without; he would not touch her with his foot. At the end of the discourse, Magandiya and his wife became anagamins. DhA.iii.193ff.; SNA.ii.542f.; cp. Dvy.515ff., where the name is given as Makandika and he is called a parivrajaka. The daughters name is given as Anupama and the wifes Sakali.

It is said that they gave their daughter into the charge of her uncle, Culla Magandiya, retired from the world, and became arahants. DhA.i.202

According to the Anguttara Commentary (AA.i.235f), Magandiyas village was Kammasadamma, and the Buddha went there on his journey to Kosambi at the invitation of Ghosita, Kukkuta and Pavarika. He turned off the main road to visit Magandiya.

See also Magandiya (2), Magandiya Sutta, and Magandiyapanha.

2. Magandiya. A Paribbajaka. The Buddha was once staying in the fire hut of the brahmin Bharadvajaggotta at Kammasadamma and Magandiya came to the hut. Seeing the grass mat on which the Buddha slept at night, he inquired whose it was, and, on being told, he was very annoyed, calling the Buddha a rigid repressionist (bhunahu). Bharadvaja protested, whereupon Magandiya offered to repeat his charge to the Buddhas face. The Buddha, aware of this conversation, entered the hut in the evening and had a discussion with Magandiya, who ended by joining the Order, later becoming an arahant. M.i.502ff.; Mil.313.

Buddhaghosa explains (MA.ii.681) that this Magandiya was the nephew of Magandiya (1).

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Daughter of the brahmin Magandiya. When the Buddha rejected her fathers offer of marriage with her, her parents joined the Order, giving her in charge of her uncle, Culla Magandiya. The latter took her to Udena, king of Kosambi, who made her his chief consort,

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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