Loma; 6 Definition(s)


Loma means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Loma (लोम) is Pali for “hairs” (Sanskrit Roman) refers to one of the thirty-substances of the human body according to the Visuddhimagga, as mentioned in an appendix of the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 32-34. The Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra mentions thirty-six substances [viz., loma]; the Sanskrit sources of both the Lesser and the Greater Vehicles, physical substances are 26 in number while the Pāli suttas list thirty-once substances.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

loma : (nt.) the hair on the body.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Loma, (nt.) (cp. Vedic roman. The (restituted) late P. form roma only at J. V, 430; Abhp 175, 259; Sdhp. 119) the hair of the body (whereas kesa is the hair of the head only) D. II, 18 (ekeka°, uddhagga°, in characteristics of a Mahāpurisa); S. II, 257 (asi°, usu°, satti° etc.); A. II, 114; Vin. III, 106 (usu° etc.); Sn. 385; J. I, 273 (khaggo lomesu allīyi); VbhA. 57; DhA. I, 126; II, 17 (°gaṇanā); ThA. 199; VvA. 324 (sūkara°); PvA. 152, 157; Sdhp. 104. A detailed description of loma as one of the 32 ākāras of the body (Kh III, ; pl. lomā) is found at Vism. 250, 353; VbhA. 233; KhA 42, 43.—aloma hairless J. VI, 457; puthu° having broad hair or fins, name of a fish J. IV, 466; Vv 4411. haṭṭha° with hairs erect, excited Mhvs 15, 33.—On loma in similes see J. P. T. S. 1907, 131.—lomaṃ pāteti to let one’s hair drop, as a sign of subduedness or modesty, opp. to horripilation (pāteti formed fr. pat after wrong etym. of panna in panna-loma “with drooping hairs, ” which was taken as a by-form of patita: see panna-loma): Vin. II, 5 (=pannalomo hoti C.); III, 183; M. I, 442. ‹-› Cp. anu°, paṭi°, vi°.

—kūpa a pore of the skin J. I, 67; KhA 51, 63; SnA 155 (where given as 99, 000) Vism. 195 (id.). —padmaka a kind of plant J. VI, 497 (reading uncertain; v. l. lodda°). —sundarī (f.) beautiful with hairs (on her body) J. V, 424 (Kuraṅgavī l.; expld on p. 430 as “roma-rājiyā maṇḍita udarā”). —haṃsa horripilation, excitement with fear or wonder, thrill D. I, 49; A. IV, 311 sq. (sa°); Sn. 270; Vbh. 367; Miln. 22; Vism. 143; DA. I, 150. —haṃsana causing horripilation, astounding, stupendous Sn. 681; J. IV, 355 (abbhuta+); Pv III, 93; IV, 35; Miln. 1; Mhvs 17, 55 (abbhuta+). —haṭṭha having the hair standing on end, horrified, thunderstruck, astounded D. I, 95; S. V, 270; Sn. p. 15; Miln. 23; SnA 155; cp. haṭṭha-loma above. (Page 588)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

lōma (लोम).—n (S) pop. lōma m n A hair of the body.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

lōma (लोम).—m n A hair of the body.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Loma (लोम).—

1) A tail.

2) The hair on the body.

Derivable forms: lomaḥ (लोमः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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