Pratiloma, Pratilōma, Prati-loma: 19 definitions

Introduction:

Pratiloma means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Pratilom.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Pratiloma (प्रतिलोम).—lit. regressive; a kind of Sandhi or euphonic combination, in which the consonant precedes and the vowel comes after it; e. g. हव्यवाडग्निः (havyavāḍagniḥ); cf. प्रतिलोमसंधिषु व्यञ्जनानि पूर्वाणि स्वरा उत्तरे (pratilomasaṃdhiṣu vyañjanāni pūrvāṇi svarā uttare); Uvvata on R. Pr. I. 4.

Vyakarana book cover
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Pratiloma in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Pratiloma (प्रतिलोम).—Retrograde. A planet is said to be in pratiloma when its motion is retrograde. Note: Pratiloma is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Pratiloma in Ayurveda glossary
Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Pratiloma (प्रतिलोम):—Inverse direction:

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Pratiloma in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Pratiloma (प्रतिलोम) refers to a type of arrangement of the order of the syllables (of the sacred seats).—The commentary [of the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā verse 27.23-27] explains that the syllables that make up the names of the sacred seats can be arranged in two different sequences. The first is the normal serial order (which the commentary terms ‘anuloma’, lit. ‘with the grain’), that is, O ḌI Ā NAṂ, JĀ LA NDHA RAM Ṃ, PŪ RṆA GI RIž, KĀ MA RŪ PAṂ. Each syllable has a corresponding Knot and location where it is placed on the body. This is the order in which the Tantra lists them. The second sequence (which the commentary terms ‘pratiloma’ lit. ‘against the grain’) follows the serial rearrangement of the order of the syllables as described previously (in Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā 27/8), that is, O JĀ PŪ KĀ, ḌI LA RṆA MA, Ā NDHA GI RŪ, NA RAM RI PU. The commentary lists the corresponding Knots and their location on the body in full in this order.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: archive.org: Hindu Mathematics

Pratiloma (प्रतिलोम) refers to the “inverse order” in bhāgahāra (“division”), which refers to one of the twenty operations (logistics) of pāṭīgaṇita (“science of calculation which requires the use of writing material—the board”), according to Pṛthudakasvāmī’s commentary on the Brāhmasphuṭasiddhānta by Brahmagupta, a Sanskrit treatise on ancient Indian mathematics (gaṇita-śāstra) and astronomy from the 7th century.—The modern method of division (bhāgahāra) is explained in the works on pāṭīgaṇita, the earliest of which is the Triśatikā.

Śrīdhara in the Triśatikā: “Having removed the common factor, if any, from the divisor and the dividend, divide by the divisor (the digits of the dividend) one after another in the inverse order (pratiloma)”.

Ganitashastra book cover
context information

Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratiloma in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pratilōma (प्रतिलोम).—a (S prati Reverting, lōma The hair.) Contrary to the natural course or order; against the hair or grain; reverse, inverted. 2 Hence Low, vile, base, depraved. 3 One sprung from the connection of a man of one caste with a woman of a higher.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pratilōma (प्रतिलोम).—a Contrary to the natural course. Low, vile. One sprung from the connection of a man of one caste with a woman of a higher.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratiloma in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pratiloma (प्रतिलोम).—a.

1) 'against the hair or grain', contray to the natural order, inverted, reverse (opp. anuloma); नववर्षसहस्राक्षः प्रतिलोमोऽभवद् गुरुः (navavarṣasahasrākṣaḥ pratilomo'bhavad guruḥ) Bhāgavata 12.14.15.

2) contrary to caste (said of the issue of a woman who is of a higher caste than her husband).

3) hostile.

4) low, vile, base.

5) left (vāma).

6) obstinate, perverse; अपरिचितस्यापि तेऽप्रतिलोमः संवृत्तः (aparicitasyāpi te'pratilomaḥ saṃvṛttaḥ) Ś.7.

7) disagreeable, unpleasant.

-mam any injurious or unpleasant act.

-mam ind. 'against the hair or grain', inversely, invertedly. °ज (ja) a. born in the inverse order of the castes; i. e. born of a mother who is of a higher caste than the father; cf. Manusmṛti 1.16,25.

Pratiloma is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms prati and loma (लोम).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratiloma (प्रतिलोम).—mfn.

(-maḥ-mā-maṃ) 1. Left, not right. 2. Reverse, inverted, contrary to the natural course or order, against the hair or grain. 3. Hostile. 4. Low, vile, base, depraved. 5. In law, contray to caste, (applied to the issue of a woman higher in caste than her husband.) E. prati reverting, and loman hair of the body, aff. ac .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratiloma (प्रतिलोम).—i. e. prati-loman, adj., f. . 1. Inverted. contrary to the natural order (regarding the intermixture of castes, where the mother is of a higher caste than the father), [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 10, 25. 2. Left. 3. Low, vile.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratiloma (प्रतिलोम).—[adjective] against the hair or grain, reverse, inverted, contrary; °—, [neuter], & tas† [adverb]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pratiloma (प्रतिलोम):—[=prati-loma] mf(ā)n. against the hair or grain (opp. to anu-l), contrary to the natural course or order, reverse, inverted

2) [v.s. ...] adverse, hostile, disagreeable, unpleasant

3) [v.s. ...] low, vile, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Ṛgveda-prātiśākhya; ???] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] left, not right, [Horace H. Wilson]

5) [v.s. ...] contrary to caste (where the mother is of a higher caste than the father), [ib.]

6) [=prati-loma] m. Name of a man

7) [v.s. ...] m. [plural] his descendants [gana] upakādi

8) Pratilomā (प्रतिलोमा):—[=prati-lomā] [from prati-loma] f. a [particular] incantation (to be recited from the end to the beginning), [Kathāsaritsāgara]

9) Pratiloma (प्रतिलोम):—[=prati-loma] n. any disagreeable or injurious act

10) [=prati-loma] see under prati, p. 663, [column] 1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratiloma (प्रतिलोम):—[prati-loma] (maḥ-mā-maṃ) a. Left, not right; reverse; low, base.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pratiloma (प्रतिलोम) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Paḍiloma.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pratiloma in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratiloma in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Pratiloma (प्रतिलोम) [Also spelled pratilom]:—(a) inverse; reverse; resupinate; unwarranted; adverse; vile; —[anupāta] inverse proportion; —[vivāha] the marriage of a man of a lower caste with a woman of a higher caste.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratiloma in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Pratilōma (ಪ್ರತಿಲೋಮ):—

1) [adjective] not following or against the natural succession; inverted; reversed; opposite.

2) [adjective] of or belonging to the lower caste or social class (in a society).

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Pratilōma (ಪ್ರತಿಲೋಮ):—

1) [noun] an order, sequence or succession that is reversed.

2) [noun] a marriage of a girl of higher caste or class with a man of lower caste or class.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratiloma in Nepali glossary
Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Pratiloma (प्रतिलोम):—adj. 1. unnatural; 2. contrary; inverted (as order); 3. disagreeable; 4. Math. inverse;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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