Lena, Leṇa: 6 definitions

Introduction:

Lena means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Len.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

leṇa : (nt.) safety; a cave; a rock cell.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Leṇa, (& lena) (nt.) (*Sk. layana, fr. in meaning “to hide, ” cp. Prk. leṇa) 1. a cave (in a rock), a mountain cave, used by ascetics (or bhikkhus) as a hermitage or place of shelter, a rock cell. Often enumerated with kuṭi & guhā, e.g. Vin. IV, 48; Miln. 151; Vbh. 251 (n.). At Vin. II, 146 it is given as collective name for 5 kinds of hermitages, viz. vihāra, aḍḍhayoga, pāsāda, hammiya, guhā. The explanation of leṇa at VbhA. 366 runs as follows: “pabbataṃ khaṇitvā vā pabbhārassa appahonakaṭṭhāne kuḍḍaṃ uṭṭhāpetvā vā katasenāsanaṃ, ” i.e. opportunity for sitting & lying made by digging (a cave) in a mountain or by erecting a wall where the cave is insufficient (so as to make the rest of it habitable). Cp. Vin. I, 206=III, 248 (pabbhāraṃ sodhāpeti leṇaṃ kattukāmo) Mhvs 16, 12; 28, 31 sq. (n); Miln. 200 (mahā°).—2. refuge, shelter, (fig.) salvation (sometimes in sense of nibbāna). In this meaning often combined with tāṇa & saraṇa, e.g. at D. I, 95; S. IV, 315 (maṃ-leṇa refuge with me; +maṃtāṇa); IV, 372 (=nibbāna); A. I, 155 sq. (n); J. II, 253; DA. I, 232. Cp. Vin. III, 155. leṇ’atthaṃ for refuge Vin. II, 164 (n); J. I, 94.—aleṇa without a refuge Ps. I, 127; II, 238; Pv. II, 25 (=asaraṇa PvA. 80).

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Lena (लेन).—nt., also m. (= Pali lena, leṇa, often with tāṇa, saraṇa; Sanskrit layana), refuge, especially with synonyms such as trāṇa, śaraṇa; may be m., as epithet of a Buddha: alene lenasaṃjñino Mahāvastu i.7.7 (prose), thinking a refuge that which is not; lenaś ca Mahāvastu i.186.8; lenaṃ (n. sg.) ca i.242.1; mss. leṇo (v.l. layaṇo) i.257.4 (prose), with trāṇo śaraṇo (Buddha); lenaṃ (n. sg.) ii.328.11 (verse, of Buddha); alena, no refuge, Mahāvastu i.7.7 (above); [bahuvrīhi], refugeless, alenā atrāṇā aśaraṇā Mahāvastu iii.353.18 (prose); sattva alena atrāṇyāḥ (v.l. °ṇāḥ), śaraṇavihīnā…Suvarṇabhāsottamasūtra 53.1 (verse).

Lena can also be spelled as Leṇa (लेण).

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Lenā (लेना) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Le.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Lena (लेन) [Also spelled len]:—(nm) taking, receiving; ~[dāra] a creditor; -[dena] transaction, exchange; dealings; •[na honā] to have no dealings at all; ~[hāra] a borrower.

2) Lenā (लेना):—(v) to take; to accept; to borrow; to buy; to hold; to receive —[āḍe hāthoṃ] to put to shame by sarcastic remarks; to rebuke and reprove; [le uḍanā] to cut off from the context and misrepresent; to pinch something and make good one’s escape; to run away with; [le ḍālanā] to ruin, to destroy; [le ḍūbanā] to be drowned along with, to involve others in one’s fall; [le-dekara] on the whole, somehow, with great difficulty; [le-de karanā] to wrangle, to clamour, to dispute; [le-de macanā] to have too much of clamouring/wrangling; -[denā] see [lena-dena] (under [lena]); —[eka na denā do] to have no concern whatsoever; for nothing, for no purpose at all; [lene ke dene paḍanā] to have the tables turned upon oneself; to sustain a blow while trying to hit; to lose while expecting to profit; [le baiṭhanā] to crash along with, to perish along with; [le maranā] to perish along with; to cause ruination to others along with oneself; [le rakhanā] to keep in reserve.

context information

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Leṇa (लेण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Layana.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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